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Palm Desert

City of Palm Desert

  •   State: 
    Riverside County
    Palm Desert
      County FIPS: 
    33°43′20″N 116°22′28″W
      Area total: 
    27.02 sq mi (69.97 km²)
      Area land: 
    26.81 sq mi (69.44 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.20 sq mi (0.53 km²)
    220 ft (67 m)
    1920; Incorporated November 26, 1973
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Palm Desert, Riverside County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,986.98 residents per square mile of area (767.17/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Palm Desert is a city in Riverside County, California, United States, in the Coachella Valley. The population was 48,445 at the 2010 census. The city has been one of the state's fastest growing since 1980, when its population was 11,801. The area was first known as the Old MacDonald Ranch, but the name changed to Palm Village in the 1920s when date palms were planted. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Palm Desert was 125 °F (52 °C) on July 6, 1905. High mountain ranges on three sides and a south-sloping valley floor all contribute to its year-round warm climate, having among the warmest winters in the western United States. The surrounding mountains create a thermal belt in the southern foothills of Palm Desert, leading to a micro-climate with significantly warmer night-time temperatures during the winter months. The University of California maintains weather stations in this thermal belt as part of their ecological project in the Philip L. Boyd Canyon Desert Research Center as well as the Palm Canyon Desert Center for the Study of Climate Change (PCDSC) The city is located 14 miles (23 km) east of Palm Springs, 121 miles (195 km) northeast of San Diego and 122 miles (196 km)East of Los Angeles. The elevation (City hall) is 224 feet (68 m) above sea level. Palm Desert has a tropical desert climate: Its average annual high temperature is 88°F (31°C) and average annual low is 64°F.


Palm Desert is the ancestral homeland of Cahuilla, a division of the Morongo Band of Mission Indians. The area was first known as the Old MacDonald Ranch, but the name changed to Palm Village in the 1920s when date palms were planted. The first residential development occurred in 1943 in connection with an Army maintenance camp in the area. That site was later developed into "El Paseo", an upscale shopping district not unlike Rodeo Drive. In 1948, the Palm Desert Corporation began to develop real estate, and in 1951 the area was given its present name. The main residents of pre-1950 Palm Desert were Cahuillas Indian farmers of the now extinct San Cayetano tribe, but a few members of the Montoya family ofCahuilla/Spanish descent were prominent leaders in civic life. The current residents of Palm Desert are mostly from the San Diego area, with a few from the Los Angeles area and the San Francisco Bay Area in the north and San Diego County in the south. The city of Palm Springs has a population of more than 1.5 million people, and the area is home to more than 100,000 people, according to the city's 2010 population estimate. It is the largest city in Los Angeles County and one of the largest cities in the United States, with more than 50 million people living in the city and its surrounding areas. The population of the city has grown to over 1.6 million, and is expected to reach more than 2 million by the end of the year.


Palm Desert is located in the Coachella Valley, the north-western extension of the Sonoran Desert. Its average annual high temperature is 88 °F (31 °C) with over 348 days of sunshine per year. The hottest temperature ever recorded in Palm Desert was 125°F (52°C) on July 6, 1905. The surrounding mountains create a thermal belt in the southern foothills of Palm Desert, leading to a micro-climate with significantly warmer night-time temperatures during the winter months. The University of California maintains weather stations located in this thermal belt as part of their ecological project in the Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center. The city has a total area of 27.0 square miles (70 km²), of which, 26.8 sq miles (69 km²) of it is land and 0.2sq miles (0.52km²) is water. The elevation (City hall) is 224 feet (68 m) above sea level. Palm Desert is one of the warmest places in the U.S. with a mean annual temperature of 76.0 °C (24.4 °F) Winters are warm with daytime highs between 7082 °F [2128 °C] and 7084 °C. Under 3 inches (76 mm) of annual precipitation are average, with over 3 inches of rain per year on average. It is located on the northern side of Interstate 10 from Palm Desert itself, but is unincorporated and not part of the City.


The 2010 United States Census reported that Palm Desert had a population of 48,445. There were 37,073 housing units at an average density of 1,372.4 per square mile (529.9/km²), of which 15,171 (65.6%) were owner-occupied, and 7,946 (34.4%) were occupied by renters. The median household income was $53,456, with 9.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. The racial makeup of the city was 86.8% White (70.4% Non-Hispanic White), 875 (1.8%) African American, 249 (0.5%) Native American, 1,647 (3.4%), 4,427 (9.1%) from other races, and 1,235 (2.5) from two or more races. 11,038 residents of Hispanic or Latino origin (22.8%). There were 1,227 (5.3%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 373 (1,6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. The average household size was 2.08, with 13,241 families (57.3% of all households) living with at least one member who was 65 years of age or older. Palm Desert is located in the Mojave Desert, which is one of the most arid places in the United States. It is located on the California-Nevada border and is known for its sand dunes.


According to the City's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: the city's three largest employers. The city's economy is based on the economy. The economy is driven by two main sectors: the construction industry and the finance sector. The top employers are the city’s construction industry, the finance industry, and the insurance industry. The largest employers are: construction, finance, insurance, real estate and real estate, and health care. The biggest employers are also the retail, manufacturing, and hospitality industries. The City's economy was based on construction, the mining and mining industries, the retail sector and the health care sector. It is also based on education, health care, education, and other social services. The most popular industries are health care and social services, followed by finance, education and the arts and culture. The highest-paying jobs are in the arts, music and entertainment, with the highest-paid jobs being in the performing arts and the performing and visual arts. The lowest-paid are the health and social service jobs, with low-paid workers and low-wage workers. The best-paid job is in the health sector, with high-paying positions in the social services and the education sector, such as nursing, nursing and education. The least-loved jobs are among the lowest-paying ones, with lower-wage jobs in the business sector.


Palm Desert is home to about 30 golf courses. The total number of golf clubs have made Palm Desert known as the "World's Golf Capital" The city has over 30 motels and 5,000 motel rooms, since lodging and hospitality is a major portion of the local tourist-based economy. The city's first golf course and tennis club was Shadow Mountain in 1952, followed by Marrakesh in 1954, the Palm Desert Greens mobile home park golf course in 1961, and Palm Desert Country Club in 1962. In the late-1970s and 1980s, a spate of private golf clubs, destination resorts and hotels appeared in the northern half of Palm Desert. The four-star JW Marriott Desert Springs Golf Resort and Spa in 1987 and the four- star Desert Willow Golf Resort in 2002. The Firecliff course is listed at No. 13 in Golf Magazine's 'Best Courses you can Play' 2010 list for California. The Coachella Valley Firebirds of the American Hockey League; affiliate of the Seattle Kraken of the National Hockey League. The Desert Roadrunners in football, baseball, basketball, soccer and volleyball. The City Of Palm Desert's municipal golf course, and has two championship courses: Mountain View and Firecl Cliff. It is associated with the Westin Desert Willow Resort at the golf course location. The Palm Desert Golf Club is located five miles (8 km) east of the original city, and was formally annexed in 1992. The Golf Club's tennis courts are located in the Marrakosh and Shadow Mountain golf clubs.


Palm Desert was incorporated as a city in 1973 and designated a charter city in 1997. It operates on a council-manager form of government. Residents elect five non-partisan council members who serve four-year staggered terms. The position of mayor is non-elected and rotates annually among the members of the city council. Palm Desert contracts for fire and paramedic services with the Riverside County Fire Department through a cooperative agreement with CAL FIRE. The Riverside County Sheriff's Department has a station located in Palm Desert which provides police services to the municipalities of Palm Desert, Rancho Mirage, and Indian Wells. In the California State Legislature, Palm Desert is in the 28th Senate District, represented by Democrat Lola Smallwood-Cuevas, and in the 42nd Assembly District,represented by Independent Chad Mayes. The U.S. House of Representatives is in California's 36th congressional district, representedby Democrat Raul Ruiz. The city has three fire stations, which are Station 33, (Town Center), Station 67 (Mesa View), and Station 71 (North Palm Desert). Each fire station provides an engine company and a paramedic ambulance. Fire station 33 also has a truck company. The council serves to pass ordinances, approve budgets, and hire the city manager and city attorney. It also oversees administrative operations and the appointment of department heads. It is located in the desert region of Southern California, near the town of Palm Springs and the towns of Indian Wells and Rancho Rancho.


Palm Desert is the home of the Living Desert Zoo and Gardens, a combination zoo and botanical garden. It is also the site of the main campus of College of the Desert, the local community college. Palm Desert has 8 private schools in the immediate area: Desert Adventist Academy, Palm Desert Presbyterian School, Sacred Heart Catholic Academy, The Palm Valley School, the Learning Tree Academy, the Hope Academy, and the Desert Torah Academy. It also has meetings by the Jewish Federation of the desert based in Palm Springs, serving an estimated 35,000 Jewish people in the Coachella Valley. The northernmost part of Palm Desert is served by the Palm Springs Unified School District, so the students can attend Rancho Mirage High School or Nellie Coffman Middle School and Cathedral City High School. Some students in the eastside are zoned to La Quinta High School and Colonel Mitchell Paige Middle School. The Riverside County Department of Education operates San Cayetano Community School, a grade 1 to 12 educational facility. The state higher education system opened an extension campus duplex (the Indian Wells Education Center for both California State University, San Bernardino and the University of California Riverside. The city is also home to the California Desert Museum, which is a state-of-the-art museum of desert history and culture. The Desert Desert Museum is a world-renowned museum of Desert art and culture, featuring an extensive collection of desert plants and animals. It was founded in the 1930s.


Palm Springs International Airport serves Palm Springs and the Coachella Valley. Interstate 10 runs north of the city. Southern California Edison provides electricity in Palm Desert. Palm Desert has 14 city parks. South of Palm Desert is the Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, and north of Palm desert is the Coaches Valley National Wildlife Refuge. The Desert Memorial Park in Cathedral City is maintained by the Palm Springs Cemetery District. The Forest Lawn Cemetery, maintained by Forest Lawn Memorial-Parks & Mortuaries, is also located in the city, in the suburb of Cathedral City. The city is home to the University of Palm Springs, which has a dog park and a soccer field. It is also the home of the Palm Desert High School football team, which won the National Football League championship in 2007 and 2008. It also has a baseball diamond, which was the site of the 2007 World Series of Baseball. The town is located on California State Route 74, which runs from the coast, over the San Jacintos Mountains, and through the desert. The Pines to Palms Scenic Byway (California State Route. 74) is a scenic byway that runs through the city and has its eastern terminus at Highway 111 before continuing northbound as Monterey Avenue. It runs through Palm Desert and the city's southern suburbs. It has a number of other scenic byways, including SR 111, SR 74, and SR 111/SR 74/SR 111/ SR 74/ SR 111.


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Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Palm Desert, Riverside County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 50. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Palm Desert = 5.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 23,390 individuals with a median age of 45.8 age the population grows by 16.94% in Palm Desert, Riverside County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,986.98 residents per square mile of area (767.17/km²). There are average 2.14 people per household in the 22,381 households with an average household income of $60,604 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.10% of the available work force and has dropped -6.49% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 17.92%. The number of physicians in Palm Desert per 100,000 population = 109.8.


The annual rainfall in Palm Desert = 5.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 22. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 269. 107 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 39 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 18, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Palm Desert, Riverside County, California which are owned by the occupant = 45.76%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 23 years with median home cost = $256,210 and home appreciation of -18.86%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $9.19 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,722 per student. There are 22.3 students for each teacher in the school, 8018 students for each Librarian and 983 students for each Counselor. 7.37% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 20.01% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.36% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Palm Desert's population in Riverside County, California of 3,640 residents in 1900 has increased 6,43-fold to 23,390 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.61% female residents and 48.39% male residents live in Palm Desert, Riverside County, California.

    As of 2020 in Palm Desert, Riverside County, California are married and the remaining 41.07% are single population.

  • 21.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Palm Desert require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    77.90% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.19% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.21% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 6.14% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Palm Desert, Riverside County, California, 45.76% are owner-occupied homes, another 22.07% are rented apartments, and the remaining 32.17% are vacant.

  • The 42.02% of the population in Palm Desert, Riverside County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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