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Imperial Beach

  •   State: 
    San Diego County
    Imperial Beach
      County FIPS: 
    32°34′42″N 117°7′2″W
      Area total: 
    4.42 sq mi
      Area land: 
    4.30 sq mi (11.14 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.12 sq mi (0.30 km²)
    20 ft (6 m)
    Incorporated July 18, 1956
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    San Diego-Chula Vista-Carlsbad, CA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    5,900 residents per square mile of area (2,300/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Imperial Beach is the southernmost city in California and the West Coast of the United States. Founded in June 1887, the city takes its name from Imperial County, California, a desert climate 100 miles (161 km) east. The city has a warm semi-arid climate (BSh), with summer temperatures often in the upper 70s °F (mid-20s °C) and winter temperatures in the 60s °f (15 to 20 °C). Because of the comfortable year-round temperatures, many homes in Imperial Beach are built without air conditioning. Imperial Beach is located in San Diego County, the fifth most-populous county in the U.S. It is part of the San Diego Metropolitan Area, the 17th largest metropolitan area in the US with over 3 million people. The best beach break of the year is the Rio Boca Grande surf break, one of San Diego's best beaches. The Farmers' Almanac consistently ranks the area within the Top Weather Cities in America within the 10 Best Weather Cities category. The new Pier South Resort, a 78-room, four-story, upscale Mediterranean-style resort with restaurant, spa and conference facilities, was completed in December, 2013. In 2004, the City of Imperial Beach began implementing a community redevelopment plan to improve the commercial corridor along Palm Avenue and Seacoast Drive. On September, 13, 2010, after many years of planning, demolition officially began on the oldSeacoast Inn located off Seacoasts Drive.


Imperial Beach is the primary city name, but also Imperial Bch are acceptable city names or spellings. Imperial Beach is located at 32°3442N 117°72W (32.578255, -117.117111) It is the most southwesterly city in the continental United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km²) The city is part of the San Diego Metropolitan Area, the 17th largest metropolitan area in the United States with over 3 million people. It is also part of San Diego Tijuana metropolitan area, the largest bi-national metropolitan area shared between the United. States and Mexico with over 5 million people, and is located in San Diego County, the fifth most-populous county in the country. The city occupies the extreme southwest corner of the continental U. S. and is bordered by Playas de Tijuana, Tijuana, Mexico to the south, Coronado, California and the San. Diego Bay to the north, San Diego to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. It has a population of 2.2 million. The U.N. World Heritage Site is located on the beach in Imperial Beach. The beach is also home to the World War II Memorial, which was built in the 1930s. It was the first American city to be declared a World War I memorial. The Memorial was dedicated on September 11, 1939. The memorial was dedicated to George Washington, who was killed in the Spanish-American War.


Imperial Beach sits on the traditional territory of the Kumeyaay people, who had established the village of Alyshuwii. Founded in June 1887, the city takes its name from Imperial County, California, a desert climate 100 miles (161 km) east. The city would incorporate in 1956, operating its own Mayor-council government providing city fire department service and policing by the formation of its own police department. In 2004, the City of Imperial Beach began implementing a community redevelopment plan to improve the commercial corridor along Palm Avenue and Seacoast Drive. The new Pier South Resort, a 78-room, four-story, upscale Mediterranean-style resort with restaurant, spa and conference facilities, was completed in December, 2013. Future plans for the city allow for construction of additional hotels along the beach areas of Seacoasts Drive. In the last ten years, Imperial Beach has undergone a significant makeover in the last 10 years to become more visitor-friendly and commercially viable. However, aside from a few smaller hotels, Imperial beach remains a highly residential city with little hotel or motel accommodation for visitors.


The city has a warm semi-arid climate (BSh), with summer temperatures often in the upper 70s °F (mid-20s °C) The Farmers' Almanac consistently ranks the area within the Top 10 Best Weather Cities in America. The Scripps Institution of Oceanography operates a weather reporting station at the middle of the Imperial Beach Pier for sky condition, temperature, humidity, pressure, wind and water temperature data. The city is mostly or partly sunny 323 days of the year, with the wettest months in winter. Because of the comfortable year-round temperatures, many homes in Imperial Beach are built without air conditioning. The record high temperature of 108 °F was observed on September 4, 1988, and September 27, 2010, while the record low of 26 °F is observed on January 4, 1949. In the summer, Imperial Beach remains 10 degrees °F cooler than inland areas of San Diego County in the summer and 10 degrees warmer in the winter. The average temperature in the city is in the mid-70s °F (15 to 20 °C) in summer, and in the low 80s  °F F (30 to 40 °C in winter) In the winter, the average temperature is 10 degrees  °C (5  degrees C) cooler than in inland areas in San Diego county in the fall and winter, and 10  degrees °C  (6  degrees  F) in the spring.


Imperial Beach has nearly 4 miles (6.4 km) of beach and employs a year-round lifeguard staff. Beach volleyball, surfing and body boarding are popular in Imperial Beach. Boca Rio beach break is one of San Diego County's best surf spots. For 31 years, Imperial Beach played home to the U.S. Open Sandcastle competition, the largest sand castle competition in the United States. The city also holds the beach front classic car show every summer and an annual dog-surfing contest. The South Bay Drive-in, the county's only ocean view drive-in theatre, is located just outside Imperial Beach off Coronado Avenue. Imperial Beach is home to Tijuana River National Estuarine Research Reserve and Border Field State Park. It is bordered on its northern extreme by Silver Strand Training Complex, a narrow, 7-mile-long (11 km) isthmus. The estuary, located off Seacoast Drive and Imperial Beach Boulevard, is the largest salt water marsh in Southern California. This estuary marks the place where the fresh water Tijuana river enters the salt water Pacific Ocean. It's home to many endangered birds and wildlife, including the endangered California condor. The Imperial Beach Farmer's Market operates from 2 PM - 6 PM November to March and (from 2 PM to 7 PM April to October) offering local fruits, vegetables and community art. The US Navy's Naval Outlying Landing Field Imperial Beach also known as NOLF Imperial Beach has a large military population.


The city is one of five Port member cities making up the Port of San Diego, one of America's top 30 U.S. container ship ports. San Diego Metropolitan Transit System (MTS) provides bus and paratransit services to the city from throughout San Diego County. The city is home to the San Diego International Airport, which is a major international airport. The airport is home of one of the world's largest container ships, the Costa Concordia, which has a capacity of more than 1,000,000 containers a day. It is also home to a number of other major international airports, including the San Francisco International Airport and the San Jose International Airport. The San Diego airport has a long history of being a major hub for international shipping, particularly for container ships. The port has a reputation for being a safe and secure place to dock and dock ships. It has been the site of several major accidents, including a fire that claimed the lives of two crew members in the early 1990s. The Port has a history of having a high level of safety and security in place, especially for container vessels. It also has a strong reputation for having a long-term planning and planning process. It was the first port of call in the United States, and is now the second largest port in the world, after New York City. It's home to one of two major airports, San Francisco and Los Angeles, both of which are major international hubs. The U.N. World Trade Center is located in San Diego and has a port terminal.

In popular culture

Kem Nunn's novel, Tijuana Straits, provides insight into the culture of the border and surfing in Imperial Beach and the Tijuana River Valley. The HBO television series John from Cincinnati was about a dysfunctional surfing family set against the backdrop of the U.S.-Mexico border. On February 21, 2019, Vice News Tonight on HBO broadcast a segment from Imperial Beach about how an extreme tidal surge, known as king tide, affects the local population living along the Pacific coast. The series (from Executive Producer David Milch, writer Kem Nunn, and director Mark Tinker) was filmed at a variety of locations in Imperial beach and in the T Mexico River Valley, including Coronado and Baja California. The book is published by Simon & Schuster, which also owns the rights to the film Tijuana, starring Gerard Depardieu and Leonardo DiCaprio. The novel is available in hardback, paperback and e-book.


The 2010 U.S. Census reported that Imperial Beach had a population of 26,324. The racial makeup of the city was 62.6% White (36.0% non-Hispanic White), 4.4% African American, 1.1% Native American, 6.6%. Hispanic or Latino of any race made up 49.0%. The median household income of Imperial Beach in 2010 was $49,104 (not adjusted for inflation). The city has one of the youngest median ages of any Southern California city with a median age of 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.1 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there are 99.5 males. The city's population was spread out, with 6,696 people (25.4%) under the age of 18, 3,640 people (13.8%) aged 18 to 24, 7,603 people (28.9%) aged 25 to 44, 6,012 people (22.8) aged 45 to 64, and 2,373 people (9.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. There were 9,882 housing units at an average density of 2,203.4 per square mile (850.7/km²), of which 2,756 (30.2%) were owner-occupied, and 6,356 (69.8%), were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate is 5.4%.


In the California State Legislature, Imperial Beach is in the 40th Senate District, represented by Republican Brian Jones. In the United States House of Representatives, Imperial beach is in California's 51st congressional district, represented by Democrat Juan Vargas. The town is located in the San Diego County, California, area, which is home to the San Francisco Bay Area and the Santa Catalina Mountains. Imperial Beach has a population of about 3,000. It is located on the California coast, near San Diego and Los Angeles. The city is part of the Central Coast region of California, which includes the towns of Bakersfield, Santa Cruz, and San Diego. It also includes the unincorporated community of Imperial Beach, which was once known as "Imperial Beach" The town has a history of being heavily affected by the California Gold Rush, which began in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It has also been known as the "California Gold Coast" because of its proximity to the Santa Cruz Mountains. It was the site of the U.S. Civil War, which ended in the early 20th century, and the Battle of the Bulge, which took place in the mid-19th century. The community is also known for being a popular tourist destination, especially in the summer months, when it is known for its beaches and nightlife. The beach has a reputation for being one of the most beautiful places in the state, and has been home to many celebrities and politicians.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California = 5.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 75. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 70. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Imperial Beach = 5.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 2,527 individuals with a median age of 30.5 age the population dropped by -0.52% in Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 5,900 residents per square mile of area (2,300/km²). There are average 2.86 people per household in the 9,156 households with an average household income of $47,254 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 16.70% of the available work force and has dropped -5.41% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 12.48%. The number of physicians in Imperial Beach per 100,000 population = 243.9.


The annual rainfall in Imperial Beach = 9.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 37. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 267. 73 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 44.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 44, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California which are owned by the occupant = 28.12%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 39 years with median home cost = $238,390 and home appreciation of -15.79%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.35 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,283 per student. There are 21 students for each teacher in the school. 7.56% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 8.61% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 2.97% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Imperial Beach's population in San Diego County, California of 13,348 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,19-fold to 2,527 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.23% female residents and 49.77% male residents live in Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California.

    As of 2020 in Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California are married and the remaining 48.79% are single population.

  • 29.9 minutes is the average time that residents in Imperial Beach require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    68.41% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 16.53% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.76% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.98% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California, 28.12% are owner-occupied homes, another 66.29% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.59% are vacant.

  • The 42.69% of the population in Imperial Beach, San Diego County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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