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Danbury, Connecticut

  •   State: 
    Fairfield County
      County FIPS: 
    41°24′08″N 73°28′16″W
      Area total: 
    44.19 sq mi
      Area land: 
    41.95 sq mi (108.64 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.24 sq mi (5.81 km²)
    397 ft (121 m)
    1702; Incorporated (town) 1702; Incorporated (city) 1889 Consolidated 1965 Villages/Neighborhoods Beaverbrook Beckettville Germantown Great Plain Hayestown Long Ridge King Street Lake Waubeeka Mill Plain Miry Brook Pembroke Wooster Village
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,062.4 residents per square mile of area (779.56/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Danbury is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States, located approximately 50 miles (80 km) northeast of New York City. Danbury is nicknamed the "Hat City" because it was the center of the American hat industry for a period in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The mineral danburite is named for Danbury in Essex, England. The city is home to Danbury Hospital, Western Connecticut State University, Danbury Fair Mall and Danbury Municipal Airport. In November 2015, USA Today ranked Danbury as the second best city to live in the United States. In April 2021, WalletHub ranked Danburite as the 10th most diverse city in the U.S. and the third most diverseCity in the New York metropolitan area (behind Jersey City and New York city) Danbury was an important military supply depot for the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. In 1802, President Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to the Danbury Baptist Association, a group expressing fear of persecution by the Congregationalists of that town, in which he used the expression "Separation of Church and State". It is the first known instance of the expression in American legal or political writing. The central motto on the seal of the City of Danbury. is Restituimus, (Latin for "We have restored"), a reference to the destruction caused by the Loyalist army troops. The American General David Wooster was mortally wounded at the Battle of Ridgefield by the British forces.


Danbury was settled by colonists in 1685, when eight families moved from what are now Norwalk and Stamford, Connecticut. During the Revolutionary War, Danbury was an important military supply depot for the Continental Army. The central motto on the seal of the City of Danbury is Restituimus, (Latin for "We have restored"), a reference to the destruction caused by the Loyalist army troops. President Thomas Jefferson wrote a letter to the Danbury Baptist Association, a group expressing fear of persecution by the Congregationalists of that town. The first Danbury Fair was held in 1821, and in 1869, it became a yearly event; the last edition was in 1981. The city and town were consolidated on January 1, 1965. In 2012, the remains of Albert Afraid of the Oglala Sioux, who died in 1900, were discovered at Danbury Cemetery. In 1928, the city bought 60-acre plot of land for the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation and repatriated Afraid's remains to South Dakota for reburial in Saint Manderson's Cemetery. The town's first dam, to collect water for the hat industry, impounded the Kohanza Reservoir on January 31, 1869. In 1835, the Connecticut Legislature granted a rail charter to the Fairfield County Railroad, but construction was delayed because of lack of investment. In 1850, the organization's plans were scaled back, and renamed theDanbury and Norwalk Railroad. In 1950, the first railroad line opened, with two trains making the 75-minute trip to Norwalk.


The city is located in the foothills of the Berkshire Mountains on low-lying land just south of Candlewood Lake. It developed along the Still River, which flows generally from west to east through the city before joining the Housatonic River. The city's terrain includes rolling hills and not-very-tall mountains to the west and northwest called the Western Highland. Ground elevations in the city range from 378 feet to 1,050 feet above sea level. Danbury has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa), with four distinct seasons, resembling Hartford more than coastal Connecticut or New York City. Summers are hot and humid, while winters are cold with significant snowfall. The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 28.0 °F (2.2 °C) in January to 74.5 °C (23.6 °F) in July. The average annual precipitation is approximately 56.04 inches (1,420 mm), which is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Snow averages 49.3 inches (125 cm) per season, although this total may vary considerably from year to year. Extremes in temperature range from 106°F (41°C) on July 22, 1926, and July 15, 1995 (the highest temperature recorded in Connecticut) down to 18 °F on February 9, 1934. A geologic fault known as Cameron's Line runs through Danbury and is known as the "Cameron's Line" The city has a total area of 44.3 square miles (115 km²).


As of the 2010 census, there were 80,893 people and 29,046 households in the city, with 2.73 persons per household. 32% of the population was foreign born. In Nov. 2016, the unemployment rate for the Danbury Labor Market Area was 3.0%, compared to 3.7% for the State and 4.6% nationally. Of particular note is a sizeable population of residents of Portuguese and Brazilian heritage. They are served by locally based Portuguese-language print and broadcast media. In 2016 Danbury's workforce was approximately 79,400 workers. 12,200 of them worked in goods producing industries. 67,200 (84.6%) of them work in service providing industries which includes: trade, transportation and utilities (17,300), professional and business services (9,400), leisure and hospitality (7,300) and government (10,200) and all other (23,000) The top employers in Danbury in 2020 were: United States Air Force, United States Navy, Air Force Reserve, and U.S. Marine Corps, among others. The median gross monthly rent was $1,269. In 2015 the median income for a household in theCity was approximately $66,676. The per capita income for the city was $31,411. 11.1 per cent of the city's population was below the poverty line. It's estimated that the population of Danbury as of 2015 is 84,657. The population density was 1,921.4 people per square mile. There were 31,154 housing units at an average density of 740.0 per squaremile.


Danbury has 21 members, two from each of the seven city wards, and seven at-large. The City Council enacts ordinances and resolutions by a simple majority vote. Danbury is represented in the United States Congress by U.S. Rep. Jahana Hayes (D).Danbury's Fiscal Year 2020-2021 mill rate is 27.60. The current mayor is Dean Esposito (R) Danbury has six state representatives as of 2021; Raghib Allie-Brennan D-2, Stephen Harding R-107, Patrick Callahan R-108, David Arconti D-109, Bob Godfrey D-110 and Kenneth Gucker D-138. There is one state senator, Julie Kushner D-24. The city is located on the Connecticut Turnpike, which runs from New Haven to Litchfield County, Connecticut. The turnpike is one of the busiest roads in the state, with more than one-third of the city's traffic coming from the New Haven area. The town has a population of more than 100,000, and it is the second-largest city in the Connecticut. It is the largest city in New Hampshire, with a population in excess of 80,000. The mayor is the presiding officer of the City Council, which consists of 14 Republicans and 7 Democrats. The Mayor is the chief executive officer of Danbury, and he or she serves a two-year term. He or she can veto an ordinance after five days, but if the Mayor does not approve it, it becomes effective without the Mayor's approval.


Danbury is home to Western Connecticut State University and a campus of Naugatuck Valley Community College. The Danbury Federal Correctional Institution is a low-security men's and women's prison, located near the border with New Fairfield. Danbury is in the New York City TV market and receives its TV stations. Some TV stations in the Hartford-New Haven are also available to Danbury viewers. The town has a number of public and parochial schools, including 13 elementary schools and two Roman Catholic schools. The city also has a public library, the Danbury Public Library, which was established in 1869. It is also home to the Tribuna Newspaper, a biweekly, bilingual (Portuguese/English) news publication, and HamletHub Danbury, a local news publication. It also has two radio stations, WLAD-AM and WDAQ-HD3-FM, owned by the Berkshire Broadcasting Corporation and the Townsquare Media Group, respectively. It has one radio station, The Hawk, which airs classic rock and Spanish-language adult hits. It was founded on December 24, 1976, and is located on the corner of Main and Main Avenues in Danbury. The station is owned by Berkshire Broadcasting Corp. and is known as "The Hawk" The News-Times, a daily newspaper owned by Hearst Communications, is also available in the town. The Townsquare Newspaper is published in the towns of Danbury and New Haven, Connecticut.


Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 7 are the main highways in the city. Local bus service is provided by Housatonic Area Regional Transit. Danbury is the terminus of the Danbury branch line of the MTA Metro-North Railroad. The city is within reasonable distance of 11 airports: four general aviation, two regional, five international. It is also the location of Danbury Municipal Airport (DXR), which is a regional hub for air travel to and from New York City and the rest of New York state. In June 2022, a $2 million federal grant was approved to study the environmental impacts of a project to connect Danbury to Grand Central Terminal. The plan has been dubbed the "Fast track to NYC", as it will provide more frequent access between Danbury and Grand Central. The Providence and Worcester Railroad, along with the Hous atonic Railroad provide local rail freight service in Danbury. The Danbury Railway Museum is located in the former Danbury Branch of the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad. It was an important junction for the New Haven's main freight line which terminated in Maybrook, New York. After the ill-fated Penn Central took over the Newhaven, the Maybrook line was shut down when a fire on the Poughkeepsie Bridge made the line unusable. The station is located just over the state line, roughly 8 miles from downtown. Plans are also being made to connected Danbury station to the Harlem Line, utilizing existing Maybrook Line track which is owned by the MTA.

Sites of interest

Danbury is a city in Fairfield County, Connecticut. The Danbury Fair Mall was built on the old fairgrounds in 1986. The Connecticut 9/11 Memorial by sculptor Henry Richardson is located in Danbury in Elmwood Park. Danbury is home to the Danbury Hospital, a 456-bed hospital, and the Praxair Regional Heart and Vascular center. The United Hockey League (UHL) expanded toDanbury in 2004. The UHL's Danbury Trashers played their first season at theDanbury Ice Arena in October 2004. In 2009, Danbury was named the first city to officially have a team in the newly formed Federal hockey League (FHL) The team was named Danbury Whalers, bringing back the name "Whalers" to Connecticut for the first time since 1997. At the end of the 2014-2015 season, the Danburys were evicted from the FHL. A new FHL Danbury team called Danbury Titans was approved for the 2015-2016 season, owned by local car dealership owner Bruce Bennett. In 2020, the arena added a Tier II junior team called the Danielbury Hat Tricks. The arena then added a third FPHL franchise, a Tier III junior team, called the Danbury Colonials. The city is a member of the New England Collegiate Baseball League, play their home games at the Rogers Park Soccer Park in the suburb of Newtown. The town's high school has a strong athletic tradition in wrestling, boys and girls cross country, baseball, tennis, basketball, football and track and field.

Cultural references

Danbury's sewage plant has been named the "John Oliver Memorial Sewer Plant" in honor of comedian John Oliver. Oliver donated $55,000 to local charities in exchange for the renaming. In October 2020, Oliver visited Danbury for the official unveiling of the renamed plant. In Robert Lawson's children's novel Rabbit Hill, the story's anthropomorphic rabbit characters preserve by oral tradition the memory of Danbury being burned by the British during the American War of Independence and later of the town's young men going off to fight in the American Civil War and many of them not coming back. In the story, the rabbit characters are called "Rabbit Hill" and the town is called "Danbury" The town's mayor, Mark Boughton, is the son of a former mayor who served in the U.S. Army during the Second World War. The town is located on the Connecticut River, which runs through Danbury. The city was founded in 1788 and was the site of the Battle of the Bulge in World War I, which was fought from 1775 to 1783. The current mayor is the grandson of the former mayor, who served from 1854 to 1875. The mayor is a former member of the New Hampshire House of Representatives. The state's population is more than 100,000, and the city has a population of 2,500,000. It is the largest city in the United States and one of the largest towns in New England.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut = 7.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 32. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Danbury = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 4,164 individuals with a median age of 38.7 age the population grows by 6.98% in Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,062.4 residents per square mile of area (779.56/km²). There are average 2.64 people per household in the 29,082 households with an average household income of $65,928 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.40% of the available work force and has dropped -2.72% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 27.16%. The number of physicians in Danbury per 100,000 population = 301.6.


The annual rainfall in Danbury = 49.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 42.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 123. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 174. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 18.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 55.07%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 39 years with median home cost = $271,060 and home appreciation of -9.82%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $13.56 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $8,181 per student. There are 15.9 students for each teacher in the school, 345 students for each Librarian and 512 students for each Counselor. 4.98% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.42% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.53% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Danbury's population in Fairfield County, Connecticut of 1,016 residents in 1900 has increased 4,1-fold to 4,164 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.50% female residents and 49.50% male residents live in Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 43.97% are single population.

  • 28.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Danbury require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    76.31% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.32% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.81% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.87% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut, 55.07% are owner-occupied homes, another 38.98% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.95% are vacant.

  • The 67.16% of the population in Danbury, Fairfield County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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