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Enfield

Enfield, Connecticut

  •   State: 
    Connecticut
      County: 
    Hartford County
      City: 
    Enfield
      County FIPS: 
    09003
      Coordinates: 
    41°58′48″N 72°33′0″W
      Area total: 
    34.2 sq mi (88.6 km²)
      Area land: 
    33.3 sq mi (86.2 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.9 sq mi (2.4 km²)
      Elevation: 
    138 ft (42 m)
      Established: 
    1679; Settled 1679; Incorporated (Massachusetts) May 16, 1683 Annexed by Connecticut 1749
  •   Latitude: 
    41,9985
      Longitude: 
    -72,5746
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Hartford-East Hartford-Middletown, CT
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    06082
    06083
      GMAP: 

    Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
    1,508
      Population density: 
    1,200 residents per square mile of area (480/km²)
      Household income: 
    $64,647
      Households: 
    16,480
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.00%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.00%

Enfield is a town in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States, first settled by John and Robert Pease of Salem, Massachusetts Bay Colony. The town was originally inhabited by the Podunk tribe, and contained their two villages of Scitico and Nameroke. In 1749, following the settlement of a lawsuit in which it was determined that a surveyor's error placed a section of present-day Hartford County within the boundaries of Massachusetts, the town seceded and became part of Connecticut. In 1972, Asnuntuck Community College was established in Enfield as the twelfth institution in the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities system (CSCU). Classes began in 1972 with an initial enrollment of 251, and Associate in Science degrees were awarded to the first graduating class in 1974. In the 1989 film Glory, boxes of gunpowder can be seen with the words Enfield, CT printed on the sides. In an episode in the 1970s police drama Hawaii Five-O, Jack Lord's character Steve McGarrett traces explosives back to "The Hazard Gunpowder Company- Enfield, CT". The capacity of the mill at the time of the Civil War was 1,200 pounds (540 kg) per day. Over 60 people died in explosions in Powder Hollow during the years when gunpowder was manufactured there. The Utopian sect practiced celibate, communal living, and is today renowned for its simple architecture and furniture. There are five sections of Enfield: Enfield Village, Thompsonville, Hazardville, Sc itico, and Sherwood Village.

History

Enfield was originally inhabited by the Podunk tribe, and contained their two villages of Scitico and Nameroke. It was part of the Great Awakening revival that struck New England in the mid-18th century and spread throughout Western North American civilization. In 1749, following the settlement of a lawsuit in which it was determined that a surveyor's error placed a section of present-day Hartford County within the boundaries of Massachusetts, the town seceded and became part of Connecticut. Asnuntuck Community College was established in Enfield as the twelfth institution in the Connecticut State Colleges and Universities system (CSCU) Classes began in 1972 with an initial enrollment of 251, and 12 Associate in Science degrees and 20 Associate of Art degrees were awarded to the first graduating class in 1974. In the 1989 film Glory, boxes of gunpowder can be seen with the words Enfield, CT printed on the sides. In an episode in the 1970s police drama Hawaii Five-O, Jack Lord's character Steve McGarrett traces explosives back to "The Hazard Gunpowder Company- Enfield, CT". The capacity of the mill at the time of the Civil War was 1,200 pounds (540 kg) per day. Over 60 people died in explosions in Powder Hollow during the years when gunpowder was manufactured there. Powder Hollow is now home to baseball fields and hiking trails. There are five sections of the town of Enfield. Enfield Village, Thompsonville, Hazardville, Sc itico, and Sherwood Village.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 45,212 people, 16,418 households, and 11,394 families residing in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 89.74% White, 5.61% African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.34% Asian, 0,02% Pacific Islander, 1,57% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.2 square miles (88.6 km²), of which 33.3 sq miles (86.2 km²) is land and 0.93sq miles (2.4km²), or 2.76%, is water. The median income for a household in the city was $67,402, and $77,554 for a family. The per capita income for the town is $29,340. About 2.8% of families and 4.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.4% of those under age 18 and 5.7% ofThose age 65 or over. The town is located in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers's National Defense Training Area, which is part of the Army National Guard and the Army Reserve. It is the only town in the state to have a military base in the National Guard, which was established in the 1950s. The U.N. World Health Organization has designated the town as one of the most biodiverse places in the world.

Government and politics

Government and politics is in the spotlight again this week. President Barack Obama is in Washington for the first time since taking office in 2009. Obama is expected to be re-elected for a second term on November 4. The White House says Obama will remain in office until at least 2016. Obama's first term will be his second as president of the U.S. House of Representatives. The Senate is in its second term as the chamber of representatives. The House is currently in its third term as a chamber of commerce. It has been in session since 2007. The last time the House was in session was in the 1990s, when Obama was in his first term as vice president. In 2008, the Senate was in its first term, and the House in the second. The current session will be in its fourth term, starting on November 8, 2015. The next two years will be filled by members of the Senate and House committees on both sides of the aisle. It will be the third term for Obama in the Senate, after his second term in the House of Reps. The first term was in 2008, when he was elected president. The second term will begin in 2012. The third term will take place in 2015, when the Senate will take office. The fourth term is in 2016, after which the House will have been in its fifth term. The fifth term will start in 2017. The sixth term will end in 2018, after the sixth term in 2010. The seventh term will coincide with the seventh term of Obama.

Industry

Enfield was home to the U.S. headquarters of Danish plastic building toy manufacturer Lego. Hallmark Cards was the town's second-largest employer. Enfield was the headquarters of Pilch Meat Breeders, which was once the second- largest broiler breeder in the world. The gunpowder industry was founded by Colonel Augustus Hazard, who was among the biggest gunpowder suppliers for the American Civil War. The town is currently home to Precision Camera and Video Repair as well as Control Module Industries. It also contains several shopping centers, including the Enfield Square Mall. It is now closed, having sent all distribution to Kansas City in 2016, having moved its headquarters to North Carolina in 2009. It has a population of 2,000, with the majority of residents living in the Thompsonville section of the town, which is home to many Scottish immigrants. It was the home of the Casual Corner clothing company, which has since closed its doors, having lost all distribution in the United States. It's also home to a number of other small businesses, such as a camera repair company and a computer repair company. It had a booming carpet and gunpowder industries, which were once the biggest employers in the town. It now has a total of 1,000 jobs, with many of them in the carpentry and gun powder industries. The city's population is 2,100, with most of the jobs in the carpet industry coming from Scottish immigrants, who still live in Enfield today. The population of Enfield is 3,000.

Neighborhoods

The neighborhoods of Enfield are: Crescent Lake, Hazardville, North Thompsonville, Scitico, Sherwood Manor and Southwood Acres. Enfield and Thompsonville are currently served by the Connecticut Transit commuter bus services for easy access to and from Hartford. Commuter rail service is expected to begin in 2013, and planning has started for renovating an old building into a train station and transportation hub on the proposed Hartford Line. In the past few years, there has been an attempt to revitalize the downtown area. The Enfield Historic District runs along Enfield Street/King Street (U.S. Route 5). Many old homes dating back to the mid-18th century were built from 1106-1492 Enfield street. The town is home to the Connecticut Valley Tobacconist, Gayle's Thyme Herbal Apothecary, The Cranberry Scoop Gift Shop, Smoke n' Leather, and numerous pizzerias. It is in close proximity to both the minimum and maximum correctional facilities, and has a small friendly neighborhood holds an annual July 4 parade. It has a population of about 3,000 people, with the majority of its residents living in the central part of the town. The city is located on the banks of the Connecticut River, which runs through the center of the city. It was founded by the Shakers, who built a mill on the shores of a lake to power a mill. The mill stood vacant by the dam at the end of the lake, until it was dismantled in the 1980s.

Parks and recreation

Enfield is home to the New England Lightning girls AAU basketball program. The town is also home to a number of parks and recreation areas. The Connecticut River has rapids for canoeing and kayaking, fishing. The city also has a skate park, tennis courts, and a covered picnic area. It is also the site of the Connecticut River State Park, which has a total of 12 miles of rapids and is popular with kayakers and canoeists. It also is the location of the New Hampshire State Fair, which runs through the end of the year in the town's Fair Haven section. It's also the home of the Enfield High School football team, which won the state championship in 2010. The Enfield Police Department is based in Enfield and serves the town of 3,000 people. The police department also serves as the location for the Fair Haven High School Football Team, which was founded in 2010 and won the national championship in 2011. It was the first high school football team to win the state title in the history of the town. The team won the championship in the 2010-11 season, and the 2012-13 season, the 2013-14 season and the 2014-15 season were the most successful in the state of New Hampshire, with an overall record of 8.5 out of a possible 9.5. The state also has several parks, including the Scantic River State park and the Green Manor Recreational Area, which features playscapes, basketball courts, ball fields, and skate parks.

Government and infrastructure

In January 2013, the town of Enfield, Connecticut, began running a public bus service. The bus service provides service to the town's public schools, hospitals, prisons, and community centers. In 2017, 10 cases were settled for a total of $792,500. The cases were all related to the use of public buses to transport people and goods to and from the city's public hospitals. The cost of each case was $1.5 million. The total cost of the 10 cases was $2.2 million. In total, the cases cost more than $800,000. The case was settled out of court, and the money was paid to the victims' families. The settlement was made on a confidential basis, and there was no admission of wrongdoing. In the end, the settlement was settled on a non-refundable basis, with the money going to the victim's family, and not to the city. The city has no plans to use the bus service in the long-term, but it will be used in the short-term in the case of emergencies. The town has a number of other public transportation options, such as the bus system, that can be used to get around the city, and to get people to other parts of the state. In addition to the public buses, the city has a fleet of private buses that can take people to the hospitals and to other areas of the city that need to be serviced. The public buses can also be used by the town to get to and out of the town.

Education

Enfield Public Schools educates approximately 5,000 students. Enfield High School is the town's sole high school. St. Marthas School was closed in June 2020 due to financial difficulties and COVID-19. The Public Safety Academy ranges from grade 6 through 12 and has its own magnet school. As of 2016, Asnuntuck Community College is a two-year college in Enfield. The town has one Catholic parochial school (Kindergarten through grade 8) known as St. Bernard School, which operates on the same academic calendar as the public schools. It is the only Catholic church in the town that offers a Traditional Latin Mass and a Spanish Mass. The Enfield Public School system was established in the 1950s. The school system was expanded in the 1970s and now educates students from grade 3 through grade 5. The public school system has been in operation since the 1980s. It was expanded again in the 1990s and is now in operation from grade 9 through grade 12. It also has a magnet school, the Capitol Region Education Council Magnet School, for students in grade 6 to 12. The high school mascot is a falcon, and the high school logo is an atom and a distillation flask. It opened in 1972, but closed in 2016 as a result of the town’s high school consolidation into Enfeld High School. The current high school was built in the 1960s and was extensively renovated in 1993. The elementary school was originally a high school until it was converted to an elementary school when the current highSchool was built.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut = 17.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 11. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Enfield = 3.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 1,508 individuals with a median age of 39.1 age the population dropped by -0.42% in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,200 residents per square mile of area (480/km²). There are average 2.5 people per household in the 16,480 households with an average household income of $64,647 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.00% of the available work force and has dropped -3.39% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.22%. The number of physicians in Enfield per 100,000 population = 291.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Enfield = 44.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 48.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 115. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 190. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 52, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 73.17%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 46 years with median home cost = $169,490 and home appreciation of -5.48%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $19.40 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $7,167 per student. There are 15 students for each teacher in the school, 371 students for each Librarian and 312 students for each Counselor. 8.35% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.08% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.09% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Enfield's population in Hartford County, Connecticut of 1,864 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,81-fold to 1,508 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 47.37% female residents and 52.63% male residents live in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 42.57% are single population.

  • 25 minutes is the average time that residents in Enfield require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    86.15% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.41% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.53% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.00% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut, 73.17% are owner-occupied homes, another 22.96% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.87% are vacant.

  • The 54.99% of the population in Enfield, Hartford County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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