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Milford, Connecticut

  •   State: 
    New Haven County
      County FIPS: 
    41°13′27″N 73°03′35″W
      Area total: 
    25.13 sq mi (65.09 km²)
      Area land: 
    21.91 sq mi (56.73 km²)
      Area water: 
    3.23 sq mi (8.35 km²)
    1639; Settled 1639; Incorporated (city) 1959
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    New Haven-Milford, CT
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,308 residents per square mile of area (891.2/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Milford is a coastal city in New Haven County, Connecticut, United States, located between New Haven and Bridgeport. The city includes the village of Devon and the borough of Woodmont. Milford was one of the early settlements in south central Connecticut and, over time, gave rise to several new towns that broke off and incorporated separately. The "oatmeal lots" of Liberty Park were carved out of a 15-acre (6.1 ha) tract in a never-built subdivision called "Liberty Park" Milford is part of the New York-Newark Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. The population of the city was 50,558 at the 2020 United States Census, and is expected to rise to 50,000 by the end of the decade. The area was occupied by indigenous peoples for thousands of years. English colonists purchased the land which today comprises Milford, Orange, and West Haven on February 1, 1639 from Ansantawae, chief of the local Paugusset. The settlers built a grist mill by the Wepawaug River in 1640, to take advantage of its water power. During the Revolutionary War, the Milford section of the Boston Post Road, a vital route connecting Boston, New York and other major coastal cities, was blockaded by Continental forces, and Fort Trumbull was constructed to protect the town. Because of its location on Long Island Sound, during the later 19th century, Milford also became known as a beach resort for residents of New Haven.


Milford was one of the early settlements in south central Connecticut and, over time, gave rise to several new towns that broke off and incorporated separately. The "oatmeal lots" of Liberty Park were carved out of a 15-acre (6.1 ha) tract in a never-built subdivision called "Liberty Park" In the mid-1970s, when the town wanted to develop the area, town officials put an end to the oatmeal lots in a "general foreclosure" that avoided the enormous expense of individual foreclosures by condemning nearly all of the property in one legal filing. In the late 1990s, an access road to the Bic Corporation's lighter factory at 565 Bic Drive was built in Milford. The site is currently home to the Milford Power Company. Milford is located on Long Island Sound and was once known as a beach resort for residents of New Haven and Bridgeport. The post-World War II period, many Connecticut townsunderwent significant suburbanization. The town saw the construction of the Connecticut Post Mall in 1958 and the Connecticut Mall in the 1960s and the completion of the O'Connell Bridge in the 1970s. The Milford section of the Boston Post Road, a vital route connecting Boston, New York and other major coastal cities, was blockaded by Continental forces, and Fort Trumbull was constructed to protect the town. In 1959, the Town of Milford, including the Borough of Woodmont, was incorporated as the City ofMilford.


According to the 2010 US census Demographic Profile Data, there were 51,271 people living in 21,017 housing units of which 13,534 were counted as family households. The racial makeup of Milford was 93.55% White, 1.91% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.36% Asian,0.03% Pacific Islander, and 1.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 3.34% of the population. As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household was $61,183. The per capita income for the city was $38,560. In 2012 inflation-adjusted dollars, median household income was $77,925. About 2.4% of families and 3.8%. of the residents were below the poverty line, including 4.1% of those under age 18 and 5.4%. of those age 65 or over. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females,There were 93.6 males. Forevery 100 females age 18 or over, there are 90.0 males. The city's population was 22.4 percent under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.9 percent who were 65 years of age or older.


Since 1959, 10 people have held the office of mayor in Milford. The mayor is permitted to propose legislation to the Board of Aldermen and introduces the city budget, but possesses no veto power. The Board of Education consists of 10 members elected in odd-numbered years, two from each of the city's five political districts. Seven constables are elected to two-year terms, their election taking place during each even-year state election cycle. Voters may only vote for one choice for registrar of voters, though they are compensated on a case-by-case basis. In 2005, the mill rate for Milford was 34.36 and was 27.88 mills for fiscal year 2015-2016. The city clerk is elected in even-numbered year and receives a compensation for services provided. The Planning & Zoning Board deals with development and land use issues and has 10 members, two of whom are from each political district. The City Charter requires that only two of the three aldermen elected from each district may be from one political party to allow for minority representation on the board, though voters are permitted to vote for any three alders in their district.


Milford Public Schools currently operates eight elementary schools, three middle schools, two high schools, and one alternative education high school. There are also a number of private schools in the city. Milford High School operated for 141 years at the time of its closing in June, 1983. It was the first public high school to operate in Milford, beginning in 1842. The school directors chose to close the school in June 2016; the archdiocese did not order the closure. In 2008-2009 it had a peak enrollment of 219. In 2016 enrollment was down to 139, with 22 being in special education. By 2016 the school's budget was $111,709 in deficit. In 2014 there was concern expressed about the school’s survival expressed in the community, and in 2016 it was shut down. The former Milford high school building is now the Parson's Government building. It is located on the banks of the Connecticut River near the town of Milford. The city is home to the Connecticut Center for Child Development (K12) and the Connecticut Children's Museum (K8-12). It is also home to several private schools, including the Academy of Our Lady of Mercy, Lauralton Hall High School, and Charles F. Hayden School (K 8) and The Foundation School (912) St. Gabriel's School opened in 1965; at theTime clergy were the primary teachers. By the 2010s there were fewer clergy teachers, and lay teachers were more expensive; in addition fewer parishioners gave money to the church.

Emergency services

The city of Milford is protected 24/7, 365 by the 114 paid, full-time firefighters. The Milford Fire Department is one of only two fire departments in the state of Connecticut to maintain an ISO Class 1 rating. As of April 4, 2014 the Milford Police Department became one of 28 of Connecticut's 106 police departments accredited by the state. Divisions and units include Detective Division, Special Investigations Unit, Identification Bureau, Narcotics & Vice Squad, Crime Prevention Unit, Training Unit/Recruit Academy and Marine Patrol / Dive Team. In 2021 Milford will remove Tower 1 from service and put in another full time Medic unit (Medic 3) one of the only towns to operate without a Tower Ladder. The Canteen Unit is operated out of a garage at 3 Charles Street. The current police chief is Keith L Mello and the current fire chief is Douglas Edo. The fire department operates out of four fire stations located throughout the city, under the command of a Battalion Chief and a Shift Commander. The department also operates one reserve engine. Engine 8 (Reserve) is located at Semans Lane, and Engine 3 (Reserves) is at 2 Charles Street, and 4 Charles Street is at 4 Charles St, and 5 Charles St is at 6 Charles St. The Fire Department operates one full time medic unit, Medic 3, and one reserve Medic unit, Med 3, at 3Charles St. It is also the only town in Connecticut to operate a full time ambulance service.

Principal communities of Milford

The Borough of Woodmont is chartered by Special Act of the Connecticut General Assembly as a municipality. It has been granted all statutory powers of a municipality while simultaneously remaining part of the city of Milford. Some of these communities have access to public and/or private beaches. Denotes that the community is charted by the General Assembly and have been granted some of the powers normally held only by a municipality, such as taxing authority. The borough is part of Connecticut's largest city, Milford, which has a population of more than 1.2 million. It is home to a number of beaches, including Point Beach, Bayview Heights, Burwells Beach, Cedar Beach, Ettadore Park, Far View Beach, Forest Heights, Fort Trumbull, Great River, Gulf Beach, Heatherstone, Laurel Beach, Lexington Green, Merwin's Beach and Milford Lawns. It also has its own airport, the Milford International Airport, which is located on the Connecticut Turnpike in the town's center. The town also has a golf course, the New Haven Golf Club, and several other beaches. It was founded in the early 20th century and is one of the oldest communities in the United States. Milford was once the largest city in the state, and is now home to more than 100,000 people. The city's population has grown to 1.3 million people, and it is the most populous city in Connecticut, with a population growth rate of 0.7 per cent since 2000.

Culture and events

The Milford Oyster Festival takes place on the third Saturday in August. The festival has drawn large musical acts over the years including Joan Jett, The Marshall Tucker Band, John Cafferty & The Beaver Brown Band, and Soul Asylum. The Walnut Beach Concert Series features a different band playing every Sunday afternoon during the summer. The Milford Cultural Center, operated by the Milford Council for the Arts, offers various events throughout the year. The Firehouse Art Gallery was recently opened in Devon. The beach resort quality of the town lives on, with several rocky beaches, Silver Sands State Park, the Connecticut Audubon Society Coastal Center at Milford Point, Charles Island, two golf courses, and numerous other recreational facilities available for residents and tourists. The town of Milford is located on Long Island Sound, which is rich in shellfish and oysters. It is also home to the Connecticut Maritime Museum, which has a collection of more than 2,000 pieces of maritime memorabilia, including the oldest oyster ever found in the United States, dating back to the 18th century. It also has a number of museums and galleries, such as the New England Museum of Natural History, which dates back to 17th century England, and the National Gallery of Art, which was founded in 18th Century England. Milford has a population of about 3,000 people, making it one of the smallest towns in the state to have its own museum. The city is home to several beaches, including Silver Sands and Charles Island. It has also been the site of several World War II naval battles.


Top employers in Milford according to the town's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report. Milford is a town of 2,000 people. The town is located in the central part of the county. The city's economy is based in the town of Milford, which has a population of 3,000. Milford is home to a large number of businesses, many of which are based in downtown Milford. It is also home to one of the largest employers in the state, the state's largest bank, the State Bank of New Hampshire. The state's unemployment rate is at 3.7 per cent. The unemployment rate has been in the low to mid-teens for the past five years. MilFord has the highest rate of unemployment in New Hampshire, according to a recent study. The U.S. unemployment rate was 3.9 per cent in the third quarter of 2013. The rate is expected to be 3.8 per cent for the fourth quarter of this year. The number of people living in poverty is at an all-time high. The poverty rate is also at a record high for Milford in the first quarter of the year, up from 3.6 per cent the year before. The local unemployment rate for the first three months of 2013 was 2.7. The economy is down from 3 per cent to 3.5 per cent from the previous three years. It has been the lowest since the mid-1990s. In 2013, Milford had the highest unemployment rate in the province. The highest rate was 4.1 per cent, down from 4.2 per year in 2007.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut = 5.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 44. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Milford = 3.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 50,558 individuals with a median age of 41.8 age the population grows by 7.55% in Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,308 residents per square mile of area (891.2/km²). There are average 2.46 people per household in the 21,896 households with an average household income of $76,835 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.10% of the available work force and has dropped -2.58% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.74%. The number of physicians in Milford per 100,000 population = 328.4.


The annual rainfall in Milford = 44.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 27 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 126. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 201. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut which are owned by the occupant = 74.01%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 44 years with median home cost = $255,020 and home appreciation of -11.59%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $18.96 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $8,815 per student. There are 14.7 students for each teacher in the school, 324 students for each Librarian and 578 students for each Counselor. 7.41% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.24% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.94% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Milford's population in New Haven County, Connecticut of 3,783 residents in 1900 has increased 13,36-fold to 50,558 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.43% female residents and 48.57% male residents live in Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut.

    As of 2020 in Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut are married and the remaining 41.62% are single population.

  • 26.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Milford require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    86.81% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.90% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.25% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.31% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut, 74.01% are owner-occupied homes, another 21.36% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.63% are vacant.

  • The 51.45% of the population in Milford, New Haven County, Connecticut who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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