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Fernandina Beach

City of Fernandina Beach

  •   State: 
    Nassau County
    Fernandina Beach
      County FIPS: 
    30°40′10″N 81°27′42″W
      Area total: 
    12.62 sq mi (32.68 km²)
      Area land: 
    11.83 sq mi (30.64 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.79 sq mi (2.04 km²)
    25 ft (7.6 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Jacksonville, FL
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,103.11 residents per square mile of area (425.92/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Fernandina Beach is a city in and the county seat of Nassau County, Florida, United States. It is the northernmost city on Florida's Atlantic coast, situated on Amelia Island, and is one of the principal municipalities comprising Greater Jacksonville. The area was first inhabited by the Timucuan Indian people. The town of Fernandina, which was about a mile from the present city, was named in honor of King Ferdinand VII of Spain by the governor of the Spanish province of East Florida, Enrique White. Fernandina has the distinction of being the last Spanish city platted in the Western Hemisphere, in 1811. In 1847, construction of Fort Clinch began in nearby Lamont-day Fernandina named after General Duncan Clinch who fought in the 1812 War of the Seminole Wars. The Old Town Fernandina was too cut off by the marshes to be used as a terminal for the Yulee Railroad. The present city is the largest incorporated city in the county since Yulees is an unincorporated town. Amelia Island has had the flags of the following nations flown over it: France, Spain, Great Britain, Spain (again), the Republic of East. Florida (1812), The Republic of the Floridas (1817), Mexico, the Confederate States of America, and the United States (1813) The French, English, and Spanish all maintained a presence on the island during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries, but the Spanish established Fernandina.


Fernandina Beach is the primary city name, but also Amelia Island, Fern Bch, Fernandina, Fernandina Bch are acceptable city names or spellings, Amelia City on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Fernandina Beach. On January 1, 1811, Enrique White, governor of Spain's East Florida province, named the town of Fernandina, about a mile from the present city, in honor of King Ferdinand VII. On May 10 of that year, Fernandina became the last town platted under the Laws of the Indies in the Western hemisphere. In the following years, it was captured and recaptured by a succession of renegades and privateers. In 1847 construction of Fort Clinch began in nearby present-day Fernandina. The Third System fort was named after General Duncan Lamont Clinch who fought in the War of 1812 and the Seminole Wars. Senator David Levy Yulee wanted the eastern terminus of the Florida Railroad to end in Amelia Island. Yulees wanted to end the railroad on the banks of the Amelia River one mile to the south. Later in the 19th century, Mary Murray set up the St. Mary's River base for operations in the area. The first all-black regiment of former slaves recruited to fight for the Union was recruited at Fernandina in 1891. Three weeks later they set sail for the Proclamation at St. Patrick's Day, June 3, 1891, and sailed to St. Augustine, where they set up a base for the remainder of the war. The town was intended as a bulwark against U.S. territorial expansion. In January 1863, Confederate sympathizers (the Third Regiment of Florida Volunteers) took control ofFort Clinch and raised the American flag.


Fernandina Beach is located at 30°2404N 81°1627W, approximately 25 miles (40 km) northeast of downtown Jacksonville. It is the northernmost city on the eastern coast of Florida. It has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with long, hot, and rainy summers and short, mild winters. The city has a total area of 15.7 square miles (41 km²) according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The beach is located in the Florida Panhandle, on the east coast of the Florida panhandle. The town has a population of 2,816. It was founded in 1836. The area was once known as Fernandina Island, after the Spanish town of Fernandina, which is located on the coast. It became the first city in the state to be named after a person, Fernando, when it was founded. The name was later changed to Fernandina Beach, which means "beautiful place" in Spanish. It also means "home" or "place of refuge" in the Spanish language. In Spanish, the word "fernandina" means "beach" and is used to refer to the city. The word "beaches" is also used to describe areas of Florida that are popular with vacationers. It means " beaches" in English, and is also known as "beaching" in Portuguese. The Spanish word for beach is "beeches" or 'beeches' or "beached'.


In 2020, the total value of products produced in Fernandina Beach, Florida was $87.9 million. The city is home to the Florida Panhandle's largest employer, Florida State University. The state's economy is expected to grow by 2.7 percent in the next five years. The economy is projected to grow at a rate of 2.8 percent over the next 10 years. In 2020, it is expected that the state will grow by 1.9 percent, according to the state's economic forecast. It is estimated that the economy will grow at an annual rate of 1.6 percent over that time. The growth rate is projected by 2 percent over five years, according the state. The total value produced in the city is estimated to be $87 million in 2020. The value of the state’s economy in 2020 is estimated at 1.7 billion dollars, or about $87 billion. The U.S. economy is predicted to grow 1.5 percent in that year, or 1.8 billion dollars. The global economy is forecast to grow 0.8% in 2020, or 0.7% over that year. The United States is expected in 2020 to have a growth rate of 0.4 percent, or 8.2 percent, in the economy. The world is predicted in 2020 at 0.6% growth, or 2.2 billion dollars in the U.N. economy. It will be the largest economy in the world in the coming years.


As of the census of 2010, there were 11,487 people, 5,176 households, and 3,207 families residing in Fernandina Beach, Florida. The racial makeup of the city was 83.4% White, 11.7% African American, 0.4%. Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.,1% Pacific Islander, 0,1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.3%. The city's largest self-reported ancestries/ethnicities in 2016 were: English, Spanish, Italian, and African American. The city is located on the Florida Turnpike, which connects to the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. It has a population density of 1,031.8 inhabitants per square mile (398.4/km²) The median income for a household in the city is $45,954, and $61,523 for a family. About 16% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.0% of those under age 18 and 13.6% ofThose age 65 or over. The average household size is 2.18 and the average family size was 2.65. The median age is 50.3 years old, with 16.3 percent under the age of 18, 6.7 percent from 20 to 24, 20.1 per cent from 25 to 44, 34.6 percent from 45 to 64, and 22.3 per cent who were 65 years of age or older.

Government and infrastructure

Nassau County Fire Rescue operates Station 20 on the south end of Amelia Island, as well as Station 70 Oneil. Fernandina Beach Municipal Airport is a general aviation airfield approximately three miles south of the city that serves Amelia Island. The airport is located on the southern tip of the island. It is the only airport on the island that is open to the general public. It has a single runway, which is used for general aviation. It was built in the 1950s and is located near the city's downtown area. It also serves as a base for air ambulance service to the island's hospitals and other emergency services. The city also has a municipal airport that is used by private aircraft. It opened in the 1970s and has a runway that is currently used for commercial flights. The island has a population of about 2,000 people, most of whom live on Amelia Island and the surrounding beaches. The town has a total population of 3,000. The population of Fernandina Island is about 1,200 people, with the majority of the population living in the southern part of the town. The majority of its residents are from the Fernandina Peninsula, which lies to the east of the mainland. The area is known as the "Sandy Coast" because of its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The Fernandina peninsula is the most populous area in the state, with a population that is predominantly from the New York City area.


All three Fernandina Beach public schools are "A" rated by the State of Florida. Amelia Island Montessori School is near American Beach and is accredited by the Florida Council of Independent Schools. St. Michael's Academy, a private Catholic school, is in downtown Fernandina beach. The nickname of Fernandina High School's athletic teams is the "Pirates" The Nassau County Public Library operates a branch in Fernandina. The Fernandina School District is part of the Nassau School District, which is a part of Florida's Nassau County School District. The district also has its own private schools, including St. Michael's Academy and Amelia Island Montessori School. The school district's high school is Fernandina Beach High School, which has a student population of 912. The high school's athletic team is the Fernandina Beach Pirates, who are nicknamed for their mascot, the Pirate. The elementary school is Emma Love Hardee Elementary, which was closed at the end of the 2008 school year. After the closing, 2nd grade was moved to Southside and 3rd grade to Emma Love. The middle school is called Fernandina beaches Middle School, and the high school has a population of 68. The public library operates the Fernandine Beach Branch of the Florida State Library. The library's branch is located in the town's downtown area, near the intersection of Main Street and Florida Avenue. The town has a number of public parks, including a golf course.


The 1988 fantasy film The New Adventures of Pippi Longstocking was filmed in Fernandina Beach and at soundstages in Jacksonville. The house that stood in for Villa Villekulla, Pippi's home, is known locally as Captain Bell's House and is on Estrada Street in the Old Town area. The Isle of Eight Flags Shrimp Festival occurs annually over the first weekend in May. Events and activities of the festival include vendors with seafood, arts, crafts, collectibles and antiques, live music, the Miss Shrimp festival pageant, a fireworks display and a parade. The Fernandina Plaza is the parade ground for the Spanish fort and overlooks the Amelia River. The Amelia River is a popular tourist attraction and is the site of the annual Amelia River Boat Show and Boat Show.

Historic places

The town of Fernandina, Florida, has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 1912. The town is located in Nassau County, Florida. The Fernandina Historic Site is on the U.S. Post Office, Custom House, and Courthouse. The Fort Clinch State Park is also on the N.N.R.P.N., and the Fernandina-Nassau County Airport is a state park in the town. Fernandina is a part of the Florida Panhandle, which is part of Florida's panhandle region. The city is located on the Gulf of Mexico, and the town is in the Florida panhandle. It is also in the state of Nassau, where it is located near the state capital, Tallahassee. The Town of Fernandine is also located in the State of Florida, and is known as Fernandina Beach. It has been listed on the Florida Register of Register of Registered Historic Places for more than 100 years. It was added to the National  Register of Historic Places in 1912. It also is listed in the U S. National Register of Historic Property for the first time in 1912, and was listed in 1912 as a contributing property in Fernandina. The Town of Fernandina has been in the N N Rn Plate of the National Register of Historical Plants since 1912. It was added to the Register in 1913.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida = 83. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 98. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Fernandina Beach = 5.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 13,052 individuals with a median age of 45.4 age the population grows by 11.46% in Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,103.11 residents per square mile of area (425.92/km²). There are average 2.18 people per household in the 5,275 households with an average household income of $47,975 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 10.40% of the available work force and has dropped -5.47% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 18.66%. The number of physicians in Fernandina Beach per 100,000 population = 93.3.


The annual rainfall in Fernandina Beach = 51 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 111. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 222. 90 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 43.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 30, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida which are owned by the occupant = 54.42%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 24 years with median home cost = $234,230 and home appreciation of -9.69%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $8.06 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $3,798 per student. There are 16.7 students for each teacher in the school, 456 students for each Librarian and 405 students for each Counselor. 8.00% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 20.83% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 12.31% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Fernandina Beach's population in Nassau County, Florida of 3,245 residents in 1900 has increased 4,02-fold to 13,052 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.79% female residents and 48.21% male residents live in Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida.

    As of 2020 in Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida are married and the remaining 40.99% are single population.

  • 24 minutes is the average time that residents in Fernandina Beach require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.00% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.59% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.86% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.87% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida, 54.42% are owner-occupied homes, another 24.84% are rented apartments, and the remaining 20.74% are vacant.

  • The 46.94% of the population in Fernandina Beach, Nassau County, Florida who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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