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  •   State: 
    Ada County
      County FIPS: 
    43°36′57″N 116°12′6″W
      Area total: 
    85.00 sq mi
      Area land: 
    84.03 sq mi (216.96 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.97 sq mi (2.49 km²)
    2,700 ft (823 m)
    1863; Incorporated 1864
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boise City, ID
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) UTC-6:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Boise, Ada County, Idaho, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,860.54 residents per square mile of area (1,055.28/km²)
      Household income: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Boise (, BOYZ-ee locally (listen), BOYSS-ee) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Idaho. It is 41 miles (66 km) east of the Oregon border and 110 miles (177 km) north of the Nevada border. The population according to the 2020 US Census was 235,684. The Boise metropolitan area, also known as the Treasure Valley, includes five counties with a combined population of 749,202. It contains the state's three largest cities: Boise, Nampa, and Meridian. The name may also derive from earlier mountain men who named the river that flows through the city. Most local and longtime residents use the pronunciation /bsi/ (BOYss-ee), as given on the city's website. The pronunciation is sometimes used as a shibboleth, as outsiders (and newcomers) tend to mispronounce the city’s name as /bzi/ (BOY-zee). Prior to establishment, the area of Boise valley was inhabited by Boise Valley Shoshone and Bannock tribes, a part of the "Snake Country" In 1811, John Jacob Astor organized and led the greater part of a group of about 60 men on an expedition to establish a fur trading outpost at the mouth of the Columbia River. This was the first ever time a white American has entered the valley, and thus the first incursions into Snake Country.


Boise is the primary city name, but also Atlanta are acceptable city names or spellings, Mayfield on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. Boise is a city in the U.S. state of Idaho. It is located on the Boise River, which flows through the center of the city. The city is named after a French-speaking guide who yelled "Les bois! Les bois!" ("The woods! The woods!") The name may also derive from earlier mountain men who named the river that flows through it. Most local and longtime residents use the pronunciation /bsi/ (BOYSS-ee), as given on the city's website. The pronunciation is sometimes used as a shibboleth, as outsiders (and newcomers) tend to mispronounce the name as /bzi/ (BOY-zee). The city was named after Capt. B. L. E. Bonneville, who led an exploration party on the Oregon Trail in the early 1800s. The area of Boise valley was inhabited by Boise Valley Shoshone and Bannock tribes, a part of the "Snake Country" until early 1840s. In 1811, Wilson Hunt, employed as an agent in the fur trade under John Jacob Astor, led the greater part of a group of about 60 men on an overland expedition to establish a fur trading outpost at the mouth of the Columbia River. This expedition passed through the Boise valley, and was the first ever time a white American has entered the region. In the 1820s, French Canadian fur trappers associated with the British-owned Hudson's Bay Company set trap lines in the vicinity. They called the area "la rivière boisée" ("the wooded river"). In 1844, HBC established a fort, Old Fort Boise, 40 miles west, near Parma, Oregon.


Boise is in southwestern Idaho, about 41 miles (66 km) east of the Oregon border and 110 miles (177 km) north of the Nevada border. The downtown area's elevation is 2,704 feet (824 m) above sea level. Most of the metropolitan area lies on a broad, flat plain, descending to the west. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 80.05 square miles (207.33 km²) The city is drained by the Boise River and is considered part of the Treasure Valley. Neighborhoods of Boise include the Bench, the North End, West Boise and Downtown. In January 2014, the Boise Police Department (BPD) partnered with the neighborhood blogging site Nextdoor, the first city in the Northwest and the 137thCity in the U.S. to do so. Since the app, which enables the city's police, fire, and parks departments to post to self-selected, highly localized areas, first became available in October 2011, 101 neighborhoods and sections of neighborhoods have joined. The city's economy was threatened in the late 1990s by commercial development at locations away from the downtown center, such as Boise Towne Square Mall and at shopping centers near new housing developments. In 2008, the American Planning Association designated Boise's North End one of 10 Great Neighborhoods. Its location is generally defined as north and east of Bogus Basin Road. The area lies near 84, the Interstate 84, shopping theaters, the airport, and the Northwest Boise area.


As of the 2020 census, there were 235,684 people residing in the city. The city's racial composition was 88% White, 9.0% Hispanic or Latino, 3.1% Asian, 1.6% Black or African American, 0.7% American Indian or Alaska Native, 02% Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and 4.3% Two or more races. There were 94,449 households with 2.38 persons per household, and 82.5% of persons lived in the same house as they had the previous year. 49.8% of population were female persons, 19.9% were under 18 years of age, and 14. 6% were 65 years and older. The median age in the City was 35; 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 11% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29% were from 25 to 44; 26%. were from 45 to 64; and 11%. were 65 or older. In 2010 there were 205,671 people, 85,704 households, and 50,647 families. The population density was 2,591.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,000.6/km²). There were 92,700 housing units at an average density of 1,168.1 per squaremile (451.0/ km²). In 2010, 82.6%. identified as White alone, not Hispanic or Latinos. Hispanic or Hispanic people of any race were 7.1%.


Boise is the headquarters for several major companies, such as Boise Cascade LLC, Albertsons, J.R. Simplot Company, Lamb Weston, Idaho Pacific Lumber Company, Idaho Timber, WinCo Foods,, and Clearwater Analytics. The state government is one of the city's largest employers. The area's largest private, locally based, publicly traded employer is Micron Technology. Technology investment and the high-tech industry have become increasingly important to the city. There are over 20 call centers in the city employing more than 7,000 people, including WDSGlobal, Electronic Data Systems, Teleperformance, DirecTV, Taos, and T-Mobile. Varney Air Lines, founded by Walter Varney in 1926, was formed in Boise, though headquartered at Pasco, Washington due to its more attractive prospects and increased economic support in Washington. The original airmail contract was from Pasco to Elko, Nevada, with stops in Boise in both directions. The city's airport still serves the city at the newly renovated and upgraded Boise Airport. The top private employers in Boise are: Idaho Power, Idaho Bancorp, Boise, Inc., American Ecology Corp., and PCS Inc. According to Boise Valley Economic Partnership, the topPrivate employers in the City are: Hewlett Packard, Cradlepoint, Healthwise, and The call center industry is also a major source of employment.


Boise is home to several museums, including the Boise Art Museum, Idaho Historical Museum, the Basque Museum and Cultural Center, Idaho Black History Museum, Boise WaterShed and the Discovery Center of Idaho. The Boise City Department of Arts and History was created in 2008 with the goal of promoting the arts, culture, and history of the city among its residents and visitors. Boise's ethnic Basque community is one of the largest in the United States, on the order of nearly 7,000 people in 2000, many of whom live in Boise. The Jewish community is served by two synagogues: the Chabad Jewish Center, and the reform Ahavath Israel Temple. The Catholic Diocese of Boise is seated at St. John's Cathedral, completed in 1921. The Vietnamese T-temple opened in August 1999. Boise hosted the 2009 Spec Spec Counties and Counties Counties hosted the 2015 Idaho State Fair. The Idaho Potato Drop is hosted by the Idaho New Year's Commission just east of downtown Boise. Boise is also a sister region of the Basques communities. The Gene Harris Jazz Festival is hosted in Boise each spring. The renovated Egyptian Theatre hosts national and regional music acts, comedians, and special film screenings. The Treefort Music Fest in late March features emerging bands, as well as many other artistic endeavors, and has perforce "morphed from quirky music festival to consuming community event" The Boise Philharmonic, now in its 49th season, under the leadership of music director and Conductor Eric Garcia continues to grow musically.

Policing and crime

The Boise Police Department was inaugurated in 1903. In 2007, there were 3,211 crimes per 100,000 residents. Total crimes have decreased overall between 2016 and 2020. Violent crime has remained much the same as of 2013, with 600 incidents of violent crime in that year. Rape and sexual assault have trended upwards while assault/battery, burglary, theft, and vandalism have Trended downwards over the same time period. For 2020, Boise Police reported 4 incidents of murder, 147 incidents of rapes, 210 incidents of sexual assault, 56 incidents of robberies, 380 incidents of aggravated assault, 479 incidents of burglary, 3164 incidents of theft, 292 incidents of motor vehicle theft. The Boise City Police Department (BPD) employs just over 400 people, with 325 allocated positions for sworn officers and 82 civilians. The BPD was formed in 1864, when John Ward became the first law enforcement Marshal in the newly formed city of Boise. John Ward was also the first Marshal for the state of Idaho. The city was incorporated in 1866, and the city was named Boise in 1872. Boise was incorporated into the U.S. in 1874. The City of Boise was founded in 1876, and was named after John Ward, who was the first marshal for the State of Idaho, and served as its first chief of police until 1881. Boise has a population of 1.2 million people, and has a police force of 325. In 2013, the BPD had 325 sworn officers, 82 civilians, and 82 non-sworn officers.


The Boise School District includes 31 elementary schools, eight junior high schools, five high schools and two specialty schools. The University of Idaho (UI) and Idaho State University (ISU) each maintain a satellite campus in Boise. Boise is home to Boise Bible College, an undergraduate degree-granting college that exists to train leaders for churches as well as missionaries for the world. Boise's private schools include the Catholic Bishop Kelly, Foothills School of Arts and Sciences, the International Baccalaureate-accredited Riverstone International School, and the only student-led school in the country One Stone. As of 2014, the city has two law school programs. The Concordia University School of Law opened in 2012 and the University ofIdaho College of Law now hosts second and third year students at its Boise campus. Boiseko Ikastola is the only Basque preschool outside of the Basque Country. The city has a wide range of technical schools, including Boise State University and the Idaho Institute of Technology. Boise also has a number of alternative schools, such as the alternative Frank Church and the West Ada School District's Centennial. Boise has six public high schools: Boise, Borah, Capital, Timberline, Frank Church, and West Ada. The City of Boise is the home of the Idaho Air National Guard and Idaho National Guard Air Force Base, which is based in Boise, Idaho. The Idaho Air Force Museum is located in Boise and has a museum of Idaho history and culture.


The major Interstate serving Boise is I-84, which connects Boise with Portland, Oregon, and Salt Lake City, Utah. There is a network of bike paths, such as the Boise River Greenbelt, throughout the city and surrounding region. Among US cities, Boise has the seventh highest amount of bicycle commuters per capita with 3.9% of commuters riding to work.Commercial air service is provided at the Boise Airport. A short line railroad (Boise Valley Railroad) serves industries in Boise, connecting with the Union Pacific Railroad in Nampa. The SeattleChicago Amtrak Pioneer passenger train stopped at Boise Union Pacific Depot from June 7, 1977, until May 10, 1997, when it was discontinued. The airport's east end is home to the National Interagency Fire Center. The Gowen Field Air National Guard Base occupies the south side of the field. The Boise Airport is served by Allegiant Air, Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, Southwest Airlines, and United Airlines. It is also the home of the Idaho National Guard and the Idaho State Guard, which is based in Boise. The Idaho State Police and Idaho Department of Public Safety are based in the Boise suburb of Idaho Springs. Boise has a population of 1.2 million, making it one of the smallest U.S. cities in terms of percentage of residents living in urban areas. The city has an unemployment rate of 4.7%. The city's population is 1.3 million, the lowest in the state.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Boise, Ada County, Idaho = 65.3. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 91. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Boise = 4.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 235,684 individuals with a median age of 35.2 age the population grows by 5.79% in Boise, Ada County, Idaho population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,860.54 residents per square mile of area (1,055.28/km²). There are average 2.36 people per household in the 81,186 households with an average household income of $49,478 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is of the available work force and has dropped -5.64% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.52%. The number of physicians in Boise per 100,000 population = 266.7.


The annual rainfall in Boise = 11.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 19.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 88. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 206. 90 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 68, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Boise, Ada County, Idaho which are owned by the occupant = 60.63%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 28 years with median home cost = $177,900 and home appreciation of -12.99%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $9.80 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $3,656 per student. There are 25 students for each teacher in the school, 703 students for each Librarian and 430 students for each Counselor. 7.25% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 23.10% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 10.69% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Boise's population in Ada County, Idaho of 5,957 residents in 1900 has increased 39,56-fold to 235,684 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.93% female residents and 50.07% male residents live in Boise, Ada County, Idaho.

    As of 2020 in Boise, Ada County, Idaho are married and the remaining 44.25% are single population.

  • 20 minutes is the average time that residents in Boise require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    79.68% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.11% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.17% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.02% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Boise, Ada County, Idaho, 60.63% are owner-occupied homes, another 32.96% are rented apartments, and the remaining 6.41% are vacant.

  • The 41.91% of the population in Boise, Ada County, Idaho who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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