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Lewiston

Lewiston, Idaho

  •   State: 
    Idaho
      County: 
    Nez Perce County
      City: 
    Lewiston
      County FIPS: 
    16069
      Coordinates: 
    46°25′N 117°01′W
      Area total: 
    18.11 sq mi
      Area land: 
    17.30 sq mi (44.81 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.81 sq mi (2.08 km²)
      Elevation: 
    745 ft (227 m)
      Established: 
    1861; Incorporated 1861
  •   Latitude: 
    46,3932
      Longitude: 
    -116,99
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Lewiston, ID-WA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    83501
      GMAP: 

    Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho, United States

  •   Population: 
    5,908
      Population density: 
    1,895.15 residents per square mile of area (731.71/km²)
      Household income: 
    $43,739
      Households: 
    13,372
      Unemployment rate: 
    5.70%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.50%
      Income taxes: 
    7.80%

Lewiston is the second-largest city in the northern Idaho region, behind Coeur d'Alene, and ninth-largest in the state. The Port of Lewiston (Idaho's only seaport) has the distinction of being the farthest inland port east of the West Coast. The town was founded 161 years ago in 1861, in the wake of a gold rush which began the previous year near Pierce. The city was incorporated by the Washington Territorial Legislature in January 1863. In March 1863 Lewiston became the first capital of the newly created Idaho Territory. The first newspaper in present-day Idaho, The Golden Age, began publication in the city in 1862, and was joined by the present (and only) newspaper, the Lewiston Morning Tribune, in September 1892. Lewiston is home to LewisClark State College, a public undergraduate college. Community activities in Lewiston include the Dogwood Festival, Hot August Nights, and theLewiston Roundup. The City is the primary regional transportation, retail, health care, and entertainment center of the surrounding area. It also serves as a recreation destination for the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area. It is located at the confluence of the Snake River and Clearwater River, thirty miles (50 km) upstream and southeast of the Lower Granite Dam. Because of dams (and their locks) on the Snake and Columbia River, Lewiston are reachable by some ocean-going vessels. The Lewiston-Nez Perce County Airport serves the city by air.

History

Lewiston was the site of the first public school in Idaho, in 1862. The first newspaper in present-day Idaho, The Golden Age, began publication in the city of Lewiston, Washington Territory in 1862, and was joined by the present (and only) newspaper, the Lewiston Morning Tribune in September 1892. In March 1863 Lewiston became the capital of the newly created Idaho Territory. The city's stint as a seat of the new territory's government was short-lived. A resolution in late 1864 to have the capital moved from Lewiston to Boise was passed by the Idaho Territorial Legislature on December 7, six weeks before the territorial legislature's session legally began. The move was very unpopular in northern Idaho and in violation of a court order. Lewiston State Normal School, now Lewis-Clark State College, was established in 1893, as was another normal school or teacher education college, now defunct, in the south at Albion. These were the state's first three institutions of higher education. North Idahoans were somewhat placated in 1889 when the University of Idaho was awarded to nearby Moscow, thirty miles (50 km) north, and began instruction in 18 92. The town is believed to have been named after Meriwether Lewis and after Victor Trevitt's hometown of Lewistown, Maine, but people do not know that was the reason. He simply stated the "Journal of Lewis and Clark" talked about being in the valley. It was founded 161 years ago in 1861 in the wake of a gold rush which began the previous year near Pierce.

Geography

Lewiston is located at the confluence of the Snake and Clearwater rivers. Immediately west of Lewiston is the smaller twin city of Clarkston, Washington. The Lower Granite Dam, the last and upper-most of the four dams on the lower Snake River, was completed 47 years ago in 1975. Lewiston experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with occasionally cold, but short, winters, mostly influenced by mild Pacific air. The lowest point in the state of Idaho is located on the Snake River in Lewiston, where it meets the Clearwater and flows west into Washington. At 465 miles (750 km) upstream of the Pacific Ocean (at the mouth of the Columbia River, adjacent to Astoria, Oregon), Lewiston has the distinction of being the most inland seaport east of the West Coast. Barges of timber products, grain, and other goods are shipped via the Snake-Columbia system to the Pacific. The heavily residential southern half of the city is referred to as "The Orchards". This area is much higher in elevation than downtown, at about 1,400 ft (425 m), and is named for the fruit orchards that previously covered the area. The city has a total area of 18.04 square miles (46.72 km²), of which 17.23 sq miles (44.63 km²) is land and 0.81sq miles (2.10 sq km) is water.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 31,894 people, 13,324 households, and 8,201 families residing in the city. There were 14,057 housing units at an average density of 815.8 per square mile (315.0/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 0.3% African American, 1.7% Native American,0.8% Asian and 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.91% of the population. The city's median income was $36,606, and the median income for a family was $45,410. The per capita income for the city is $19,091. About 15.2% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of people aged 65 and over were living below the poverty line. The median age in the City was 39.9 years. The gender makeup ofThe city's population was 49. 2% male and 50. 8% female. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was2.87. The population was spread out, with 23.3%. under the age of 18, 10.7%. from 18 to 24, 26.7. from 25 to 44, 22.3. from 45 to 64, and 17.0% who were 65 years of age or older.

Economy

The Port of Lewiston is Idaho's only seaport and is navigable for barges which transport grain, fuel, legumes, paper, lumber and other goods up and down the Columbia River. Paper product manufacturer, Clearwater Paper is the largest employer in the manufacturing sector. Ammunition manufacturing maintains an important and growing presence in Lewiston. Lewiston serves as a recreation destination for the Hells Canyon National Recreation Area. In 2017, the Lewiston, IDClarkston, WA metropolitan area had a gross metropolitan product of $2.5 billion. With the presence of LewisClark State College, it is also a center for education and workforce training.Lewiston is the primary regional transportation, retail, health care, wholesale and professional services, and entertainment center. The city is located at the confluence of the Snake River and Clearwater River, which makes it a natural distribution point due to its seaports. The Lewiston area is home to the Lewis-Clark Valley Regional Airport, which is located on the Idaho-Washington border. The Lewis- Clark Valley regional airport is one of the busiest airports in the U.S. and is located near the town of Pullman, Washington. It is the only airport in the state with a direct flight link to Washington state. The airport has a passenger capacity of more than 100,000. It also has a direct connection to Washington State's largest airport, Spokane, which has a capacity of over 80,000 passengers per day.

Arts and culture

The town has a large Christmas festival that includes a number of lighted displays in the downtown area. Lewis-Clark State College hosts the Avista NAIA World Series for college baseball in May, and the Lewiston Round Up rodeo in September. Lewiston had a popular Northwest League professional baseball franchise from 1952 through 1974. A roster check in 1967 showed that 40% of the players and coaches of the Kansas City Athletics had been in Lewiston at one time or another. The Lewiston Broncs' rosters included Rick Monday, manager John McNamara, Vearl ("Snag") Moore, Thorton ("Kip") Kipper, Antonio Perez, Ron Koepper, Delmer Owen, Dick Green, Bud Swan, Bert Campaneris, John Israel, Dave Duncan, Al Heist, and as a player, later coach-manager Robert ("Gabby") Williams. The team was shut down in January 1975, and resurfaced in June in southwestern Idaho as the Boise A's for two seasons. During the summer, "Hot August Nights" takes place. This celebration includes concerts by popular 1950s to 1980s musicians, such as.38 Special, Eddie Money, and Loverboy. There's also a show and shine for collectible cars, followed by a night parade along Main Street. In springtime Lewiston hosts the Dogwood Festival, named for the abundant dogwood trees that are in fragrant bloom during the festival. In the fall, cottonwood trees release cotton-like clouds of seeds that blow through the air and streets, blanketing them with a snow-like cover.

Education

Lewiston has the oldest school system in Idaho, started 159 years ago in 1863. Lewiston High competes in IHSAA Class 5A, for the largest enrollments in the state. Lewis-Clark State College is also the athletic home to the Warriors of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) LCSC's Harris Field ballpark hosts the NAIA World Series, of which the Warriors have won 19 national titles in baseball; the first sixteen were under head coach Ed Cheff. The Northwest Children´s Home has a treatment facility in Lewiston. The Lewiston School District is Independent School District #1. The school district is made up of seven elementary schools and three junior high schools. The high school mascot is the Golden Bengal with school colors of purple and gold. The elementary schools are Whitman, Webster, Centennial, Orchards, Camelot, McGhee, and McSorley. The public secondary schools are Lewiston high School, Jenifer Junior High, and Sacajawea Junior High. The district is also home to Lewiston State College, which has a baseball team that has won 19 NAIA titles in a row. It is the home of the Northwest Children's Home, which is run by the same family that runs the Lewiston Children's Hospital. The town has a population of about 2,000 people, the highest in Idaho. The city is located in the eastern part of the county, near the town of Lewiston, Idaho.

Infrastructure

The Lewiston Hill (elev. 2,756 ft (840 m) grade to the Palouse is mostly out of use. Called the "Old Spiral Highway," the very twisty road (64 curves) was opened in 1917 and was the primary route north for sixty years. The newer multi-lane grade of U.S. 95, constructed from 1975 to 1977, yields a straighter and steeper sweeping "Z" descent to the east, then back to the southwest. Both grades provide excellent views of the Lewiston-Clarkston area and beyond. The 1950s rock-and-roll hit "Hot Rod Lincoln," later covered in the 1970s by Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen, tells of an actual race on that hill. The lyrics of the song were changed variously to say San Pedro or The Grapevine in later versions, but the origin is documented. At the top, it joins with U.S. 95 at the top of the hill. It is approximately seven miles (11 km) in length. It received an award as one of the best-engineered stretches of mountain highway at the time. The road was built in 1917, and was called the "Spiral Highway" The road is now part of the Interstate Highway System, which runs from Washington to Oregon. It has a total length of more than 100 miles (160 km) and was built between 1967 and 1978. It was the first highway to be built in Idaho.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho = 88. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 30. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 98. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Lewiston = 3.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 5,908 individuals with a median age of 40.5 age the population grows by 4.04% in Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,895.15 residents per square mile of area (731.71/km²). There are average 2.35 people per household in the 13,372 households with an average household income of $43,739 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 5.70% of the available work force and has growths 1.33% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 36.96%. The number of physicians in Lewiston per 100,000 population = 228.9.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Lewiston = 12.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 15.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 103. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 169. 89 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 26.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 68, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho which are owned by the occupant = 64.31%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 40 years with median home cost = $150,680 and home appreciation of -0.35%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.93 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,842 per student. There are 17.5 students for each teacher in the school, 482 students for each Librarian and 401 students for each Counselor. 8.59% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.22% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.68% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Lewiston's population in Nez Perce County, Idaho of 2,425 residents in 1900 has increased 2,44-fold to 5,908 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.07% female residents and 48.93% male residents live in Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho.

    As of 2020 in Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho are married and the remaining 44.15% are single population.

  • 16 minutes is the average time that residents in Lewiston require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    84.47% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.39% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.55% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.16% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho, 64.31% are owner-occupied homes, another 31.72% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.98% are vacant.

  • The 36.81% of the population in Lewiston, Nez Perce County, Idaho who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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