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  •   State: 
    McHenry County
      County all: 
    McHenry | Boone
      County FIPS: 
    17111 | 17007
    42°25′36″N 88°37′22″W
      Area total: 
    8.36 sq mi (21.64 km²)
      Area land: 
    8.36 sq mi (21.64 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
    922 ft (281 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,133.33 residents per square mile of area (437.58/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Harvard is a city in McHenry County, Illinois. The population was 9,469 at the 2020 census. The city is 63 miles from the Chicago Loop and it is the last stop on the Union Pacific/Northwest Line. It is the self-proclaimed Milk Capital of the World and hosts one of the longest-running Milk Days festivals in the world. In 2016, Xiao Hua "Edward" Gong, who was born in China but resides in Toronto, purchased the former Motorola plant. In December 2017, prosecutors in Canada and New Zealand alleged that the plant was part of a money laundering scheme and fraud involving Chinese citizens purchasing securities valued at hundreds of millions of dollars and supported by firms in New Zealand. In 2006, Harvard held a year-long Sesquicentennial Celebration. The Greater Harvard Area Historical Society is located on Hart Street. It identifies and marks historical sites in the area. It also works to obtain histories of Harvard families, businesses, and farms that have been in operation for more than 100 years. In the 2010 census, Harvard has a total area of 858 square miles (22.22 km²), all land. The US Census treats the Hispanic/Latino category as an ethnic category in the 2020 Census. It has a population of 8,469, all land, all of which is land. It was named in honor of Harvard, Massachusetts, which was the site of the first U.S. Civil War battle. The town was incorporated on April 18, 1869, and voters elected Elbridge Gerry Ayer as the first village president.


Harvard, Illinois, was platted on November 25, 1856. In 1869, voters incorporated the community and elected Elbridge Gerry Ayer as the first village president. In 2006, Harvard held a year-long Sesquicentennial Celebration. The Greater Harvard Area Historical Society identifies and marks historical sites in the area. In 2016, Xiao Hua "Edward" Gong, who was born in China but resides in Toronto, purchased the former Motorola plant. In December 2017, prosecutors in Canada and New Zealand alleged that the plant was part of a money laundering scheme and fraud involving Chinese citizens purchasing securities valued at hundreds of millions of dollars. Harvard is the self-proclaimed Milk Capital of the World and hosts one of the longest-running festivals in Illinois, Harvard Milk Days, the first weekend of June to commemorate their contributions to milk production during WWII. The plant employed more than 5,000 at its peak in 1997. However, a combination of factors, including a significant decline in Motorola's business in the early 2000s, compelled the company to shutter the facility in 2003. In August 2008, the 1.5 million square foot facility was sold to Optima International's Optima Ventures, LLC a Miami-based real estate investment firm led by Chaim Schochet and 2/3rd owned by the Ihor Kolomoyskyi associated Privat Group, one of Ukraine's largest business and banking groups from 2003 to 2016. The building was destroyed in a fire on December 22, 1960.


According to the 2010 census, Harvard has a total area of 8.58 square miles (22.22 km²), all land. Major streets include Airport Road, Ayer Street, Diggins Street, Marengo Street, Division Street, Oak Grove Road, Flat Iron Road, and Ramer Road. Harvard is home to the Harvard Crimson, the Harvard Bruins, and the Harvard women's basketball team. The Harvard Crimson was founded in 1781 by William Harvard, the first president of Harvard University, and his son, William Harvard III, the third president of the University of Harvard. Harvard was named after Harvard's founder, William Henry Harvard, who was born in 1776. The university was named for Harvard's first president, William Alexander Harvard, and is located on Harvard Square, which was once the site of the Harvard Medical School. It is also known as the Harvard Business School, after which it was named. It was founded by Harvard's son William Alexander, who became president in 1782. It has been known as Harvard University since 1781, when it was founded. The current president, Harvard Harvard William Harper, was elected to his first term in 1987. He was re-elected to his second term in 1998. Harvard has been named after William Harvard. It also has been called Harvard University or Harvard College, after the Harvard Law School, which dates back to 1781. The name Harvard was first used to refer to Harvard's president William Alexander.


As of the census of 2000, there were 7,996 people, 2,610 households, and 1,853 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 76.25% White, 0.85% African American,0.38% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0, 01% Pacific Islander, 18.76% from other races, and 2.33% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 37.81% of the population. The city's population was spread out, with 30.1% under the age of 18, 12.7% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 9. 1% who were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was3.56. The median income for a household in theCity was $44,363, and the medianincome for a family was $48,087. The per capita income for the city is $17,253. About 6.9% of families and 9% of people were below the poverty line, including 11.2% of those under age 18 and 1.2%) of those age 65 or over. The US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any Race or ethnicity.


Harvard School District No. 50 operates five schools within the city. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockford operated one school in Harvard. St. Joseph's School: pre-kindergarten, kindergarten, and grades 18 was closed at the end of the 201516 school year. The school was closed due to financial issues. The district also operates Washington School: Pre-K and ECE, and Jefferson Elementary School: grades 4 and 5 and grades 6-8. The city is home to the University of Illinois at Chicago, which was founded in 1876. The university is located in the heart of the city, and has a campus that opened in 1883. The town has a population of about 2,000, with the majority of its residents living in the central part of the town. It is located on the banks of the Chicago River, which runs through the city's downtown area. It also has a lake, the Harvard River, and a river, which the city uses for its water supply and water treatment. The Harvard River is also used as a source of water for the city of Chicago and its surrounding areas, and the city has a water treatment treatment plant. The water treatment plant was built in the early 1900s. It was the first of its kind in the city and is still in use today. It has a capacity of about 1,000. The area also has one of the highest school enrollment rates in the state, with more than 3,000 students per year.

Harvard Diggins Library

Harvard Diggins Library began serving the Harvard community in 1909. Delos F. Diggins, who spent his childhood in Harvard, provided a generous bequest to the City of Harvard for the purpose of building a library. The library served the community successfully from that building until a new library was built in 2001. As a municipal library, library cards are free to city residents, and it allows borrowing of materials from most public libraries in Illinois. Non-residents may purchase a card for an annual fee. The core of the facility houses the collection, but designated space is available for children, teens, quiet study, and meeting space. Public events are hosted at the library on a regular basis, including lectures, performers, crafts, storytimes, and more. It is a member of the Northern Illinois Cooperative consortium and the Reaching Across Illinois Library System.

Post office

The U.S. Post Office is located on Harvard's North Eastman Street. The current building was constructed during the Kennedy Administration in 1962 when J. Edward Day was the Postmaster General. It is located in a former post office building that was built in the 1930s and 1940s. The building is on the corner of Eastman and Harvard Streets. It was built during the JFK Administration in the 1960s and 1970s. It has been in the same location since 1962 when Day was postmaster general.

Law enforcement

The Harvard Police Department is located in the lower level of the old City Hall building at 201 W. Front Street. It consists of 17 full-time police officers, led by Chief of Police Tyson Bauman. Dispatch services are provided by the North East Regional Communications Center, also known as NERCOM, of which the department is a founding and partner member. The department has a full- time detective, a school resource officer, bicycles for officers to patrol the city streets, parks and downtown area. It also has a record clerk and a community services officer (CSO) The department is part of the Illinois Police Chiefs Association, which is a member of the National Association of Chiefs of Police (NACP) and the Illinois State Police Association (ISP). It is a non-profit organization based in McHenry, Illinois. It was founded by the NACP in the early 1990s to provide police services in the state. It has been in existence since the early 1900s. It is one of the oldest police departments in Illinois, along with the Chicago Police Department and the Springfield Police Department. The police department was founded in the late 1800s and has been around since the mid-19th century. It currently has 17 officers, including a detective and a CSO, and a school Resource Officer (SRO). The department was established in the 1950s and is based in the city of Harvard, Illinois, which has a population of 2,000. The city is in the process of moving to a new city center.

Fire protection

Harvard's Fire Protection District consists of 47 trained firefighters, of which 22 are Emergency medical technicians and 14 are paramedics. The district provides fire and emergency medical service for 108 square miles (280 km²) The district also has a SCUBA dive team, trained for water rescue. It is part of the Mercy Health EMS System, which operates out of Mercy Health Javon Bea Hospital in Rockford, IL, a Level I trauma hospital. The Harvard Rescue Squad was founded in 1956 with a $7000 donation from the Harvard Jaycees. In 1971, the City and Rural Fire Department merged to form the Harvard Fire protection District. The Fire District is governed by a five-member board of trustees appointed by the McHenry County Board. While the Fire District works very closely with the city of Harvard, it is a separate government agency and is funded by ambulance user fees and property taxes. In 1899, the first constitution and by-laws were drawn up for the Harvard fire department. The first fire engine was sent to Chicago via the railroad to assist in the Great Chicago Fire in 1871. In 1892, it was again placed on a train to assist with a fire in the community of Kenosha, Wisconsin. This team is part the Mc Henry County MABAS 5 Dive Team. The team is trained forWater Rescue and is a member of the Merriman Health EMS system, which is a Level II trauma hospital, with a Level 1 trauma center. It has a dive team.


U.S. Route 14, locally known as the Northwest Highway and Division Street, runs northsouth through Harvard. Illinois Route 23 begins in southern Harvard and connects the city with other locations to the south. Metra's Union Pacific/Northwest Line has a station in Harvard and operates daily service to Chicago's Ogilvie Transportation Center. The Harvard station is the most remote point in the Metra system at 63.16 miles (101.65 km) from downtown Chicago. Pace operates Route 808 in Harvard. This route links the city to the communities of Woodstock and Crystal Lake. The nearest Interstate Highway to Harvard is Interstate 90 in Belvidere; Interstate 39 in Machesney Park is also nearby, as is Interstate 43 in Wisconsin. Harvard is also served by multiple forms of public transportation, including Pace, Metra, and the Chicago Public Transportation Authority (CPTA). The city is located on the Illinois River, which runs through the center of the city. It is also on the Wisconsin River, where it runs along the border with Wisconsin. The Chicago River runs through Harvard, and it runs through many other towns along the Wisconsin border to the north and south. The city also has a lakefront promenade, which is popular with tourists. It also has several parks, including the Harvard Lake Center, which was built in the 1930s. The town has a number of parks and trails, including a baseball field, a baseball diamond, a football field, and a basketball court.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois = 44.6. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 59. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 80. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Harvard = 3.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 9,469 individuals with a median age of 31.3 age the population grows by 19.00% in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,133.33 residents per square mile of area (437.58/km²). There are average 3.12 people per household in the 3,044 households with an average household income of $48,470 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.60% of the available work force and has dropped -4.37% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.66%. The number of physicians in Harvard per 100,000 population = 116.


The annual rainfall in Harvard = 35.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 28.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 118. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 191. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 11.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 48, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois which are owned by the occupant = 51.03%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 39 years with median home cost = $102,760 and home appreciation of -20.43%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $19.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,366 per student. There are 19.9 students for each teacher in the school, 798 students for each Librarian and 1198 students for each Counselor. 5.51% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 9.26% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.37% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Harvard's population in McHenry County, Illinois of 2,602 residents in 1900 has increased 3,64-fold to 9,469 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 47.98% female residents and 52.02% male residents live in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois.

    As of 2020 in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois are married and the remaining 40.41% are single population.

  • 27.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Harvard require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    60.65% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 29.68% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.54% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.27% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois, 51.03% are owner-occupied homes, another 44.10% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.87% are vacant.

  • The 46.49% of the population in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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