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  •   State: 
    Hamilton County
      County FIPS: 
    39°58′N 86°6′W
      Area total: 
    50.17 sq mi (129.94 km²)
      Area land: 
    49.09 sq mi (127.13 km²)
      Area water: 
    1.08 sq mi (2.80 km²)
    853 ft (260 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,032.3 residents per square mile of area (784.7/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Carmel was platted and recorded in 1837 by Daniel Warren, Alexander Mills, John Phelps, and Seth Green. The original settlers were predominantly Quakers. A post office was established as Carmel in 1846 because Indiana already had a post office called Bethlehem. In 1924, one of the first automatic traffic signals in the U.S. was installed at the intersection of Main Street and Rangeline Road. The median home price between 2013 and 2017 was $320,400. Carmel is nationally noted for having well over 100 roundabouts within its borders, with even more presently under construction or planned. The city has a total area of 48.545 square miles (125.73 km²), of which 97.76% is land and 1.085 sq miles (2.81 km²) (or 2.24%) is water. It is bordered to the north by Westfield, to the northeast by Noblesville, and to the east by Fishers. It has a population of 100,777 (as of the 2010 census) and is located 15 miles (24 km) north of the center of Indianapolis. The Carmel Monon Depot, John Kinzer House, and Thornhurst Addition are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In 2018, Carmel will be entirely coextensive with Clay Township, with the annexation of Home Place in 2018, and will be the largest city in Hamilton County, Indiana, by the time the annexation is complete.


Carmel was platted and recorded in 1837 by Daniel Warren, Alexander Mills, John Phelps, and Seth Green. The original settlers were predominantly Quakers. The Carmel Monon Depot, John Kinzer House, and Thornhurst Addition are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. One of the first automatic traffic signals in the U.S. was installed at the intersection of Main Street and Rangeline Road in 1924. The signal was the invention of Leslie Haines and is currently in the old train station on the Monon Trail. The town of Carmel was incorporated in 1874, due to the need of a post office, at which time it was called "Beth Bethlehem" The town is located on the banks of the Carmel River, which runs through the center of the town. It is the only town in Indiana that is not part of the state of Indiana. The city has a population of about 2,000 people, with the majority of the population living in the central part of town. The population of the city is about 3,000. It was the site of the Battle of the Bulge, which took place in 1864. The Battle was the first battle of the Civil War, which was fought between the United States and the Confederate States of America. It took place between 1864 and 1866. The battle was won by the Ulysses S. Grant Army, which fought against the Union Army. The war ended with the defeat of the Union.


Carmel occupies the southwestern part of Hamilton County, adjacent to Indianapolis and, with the annexation of Home Place in 2018, is now entirely coextensive with Clay Township. The center of Carmel is 15 miles (24 km) north of the center of Indianapolis. According to the 2010 census, Carmel has a total area of 48.545 square miles (125.73 km²) (or 97.76%) is land and 1.085square miles (2.81km²) is water. The city is nationally noted for having well over 100 roundabouts within its borders, with even more presently under construction or planned. It is bordered to the north by Westfield, to the northeast by Noblesville, and to the east by Fishers and Zionsville. Carmel Drive runs generally eastwest through the main shopping area, and City Center Drive runs eastwest near Carmel's City Center project. Major eastwest streets in Carmel generally end in a 6 and include 96th Street (the southern border), 106th, 116th, 126th, 131st, 136th, and 146th (which marks the northern border). The numbering system is aligned to that of Marion and Hamilton counties. Northsouth streets are not numbered and include (west to east) Michigan, Shelborne, Towne, Ditch, Spring Mill, Meridian, Guilford, Rangeline, Keystone, Carey, Gray, Hazel Dell, and River. Some of these roads are continuations of corresponding streets in Indianapolis.


As of the census of 2010, there were 79,191 people, 28,997 households, and 21,855 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 85.4% White, 3.0% African American, 0.2% Native American, 8.9% Asian,0.7% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.5% of the population. The median home price between 2013 and 2017 was $320,400. According to a 2017 estimate, the median household income in theCity was $109,201. The city is located on the Ohio River, which runs through the city's downtown area. The Ohio River is a tributary of the Mississippi River. The Mississippi River is one of the few rivers in the U.S. that flows through the center of the City. The river is a major source of water supply for the city and the surrounding area. It is also a source of drinking water for many residents of the area. In the city, the water supply is largely controlled by the Ohio Department of Health and Human Services. The water supply has a low-cost of $1.5 million per year. The state's water supply system is designed to provide water to the city for up to 30 years. The average cost of water is $2.2 million. In 2010, the city had the highest water usage in the United States, with an average of 1.6 million gallons per day.


The Meridian Corridor serves as a large concentration of corporate office space within the city. It is home to more than 40 corporate headquarters and many more regional offices. Several large companies reside in Carmel, and it serves as the national headquarters for Allegion, CNO Financial Group, MISO, KAR Global and Delta Faucet. As of January 2017, the city's 10 largest employers were: KAR, Allegion and Allegion's parent company Allegion Inc. The city's largest employer was KAR's parent firm Allegion Corp., which has more than 1,000 employees. It also has a number of smaller companies, such as MISO and M&T Bank, that are based in the city, as well as other regional and national offices. The largest employer in the area was Allegion in 2012, followed by CNO in 2013, and then Allegion again in 2014, and finally MISO in 2015 and 2016. In 2014, Carmel had the highest percentage of women in the state's business sector, with more than half of all jobs being held by women. It had the lowest percentage of men in the business sector in 2013 and 2014, with just over 40 percent of jobs being filled by men. It has the lowest unemployment rate in the U.S. and the lowest rate of any state in the country, according to the Bureau of Labor and Statistics. In 2015, the unemployment rate was 3.7%. The city has the highest unemployment rate among large employers in the United States, and the highest rate among small businesses.

Arts and culture

Carmel is home to Indiana's only Gran Fondo cycling event. The Carmel Farmers Market is one of the largest in the state of Indiana. Carmel City Center is a one-million-square-foot (93,000 m2), $300 million, mixed-use development located in the heart of Carmel. The Great American Songbook Foundation is the only foundation dedicated to preserving the music of the early 1900s and early 20th century. The Monon Greenway is a multi-use trail that is part of the Rails-to-Trails movement. The Museum of Miniature Houses is a museum of miniature glassware, clocks, tools, and dolls. The Kawachinagano Japanese Garden was dedicated in 2007 as the 15th anniversary of the Sister City relationship with Kawinagao, Japan. The city is also home to the Carmel International Arts Festival, which features a juried art exhibit of artists from around the world, concerts, dance performances, and hands-on activities for children. It is also the home to The Palladium at the Center for the Performing Arts, which includes a 1,600-seat concert hall, 500-seat theater, and 200-seat black box theater. The town is located in Hamilton County, Indiana, and is located near the Monon Trail, which runs from 10th Street near downtown Indianapolis through Broad Ripple and then crosses into Carmel at 96th Street and continues north through 146th Street into Westfield.


The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The current mayor is James Brainard, who has served since 1996. The city council consists of nine members. Six are elected from individual districts and three are elected at-large. As of 2019 the City of Carmel had an overall debt load of $1.3 billion. In mid-2017, the city council was considering a multimillion-dollar bond issue that would cover the cost of roundabouts, paths, roadwork, land acquisition by the Carmel Redevelopment Commission and would include the purchase of an antique carousel. A citizen led petition drive against the purchase caused the city counsel to remove it from the bond issue. According to the Indiana Department of Local Government Finance, as of 2019, the City had an Overall Debt Load of $2.1 billion. The City has a population of 3,000. The mayor has a term of office of seven years, and the city has a mayor for six years, from 1996 to 2009. The council has a maximum term of eight years, with the maximum term for a mayor being eight years. The president of the council is the current mayor of the city, JamesBrainard, and he has been in office since 2009. In 2013, the council voted to approve a $3 million purchase of a carousel from a Canadian amusement park for an estimated purchase price of CAD $3million, approximately US$2.25 million. The carousel was later removed from the sale.


The Carmel Clay Schools district has 11 elementary schools (Kindergarten - Grade 5), three middle schools (Grades 68), and one high school (Grade 912) Student enrollment for the district is above 14,500. The middle schools feed into Carmel High School. The district has several private schools, including:Coram Deo Academy (K Kindergarten Grade 12), Our Lady of Mount Carmel Catholic School, St. Elizabeth Seton Preschool, and Walnut Grove Christian Prep School. There are no public schools in the district. The school district is part of the Carmel-Carmel Unified School District, which was formed in the 1950s. The Carmel school district has a population of about 14,000 people. It is located in the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains. The town is about 30 miles from the town of Carmel, California, which is about 50 miles from San Diego. The city has about 2,000 residents. It was founded in the 1850s and is located on the banks of the San Francisco Bay. It has an elevation of about 1,500 feet (400 meters) and has an area of 2,500 acres (1,400 hectares) It is in the middle of a mountain range, and the town has a lot of undeveloped land. It also has a lake, which has been used as a reservoir for the past few years. The community has a large number of golf courses, many of which feed into the school district.

Sister cities

Carmel has four sister cities as designated by Sister Cities International. The cities are: Kawachinagano, Osaka Prefecture, Japan (1994), Xiangyang, Hubei, China (2012), Jelgava, Semigallia, Latvia (2022) and Cortona, Tuscany, Italy (2022) The sister cities are all in the city of Carmel, California. The city has a population of 4,000. The town is located in the central part of the state of California, near the border with Nevada and New Mexico. It is located on the main highway between Los Angeles and San Diego. It has an estimated population of 2,000,000 and has a sister city in Xiangyang. It also has sister cities in Cortona and JelGava, Latvia, as well as other sister cities around the world, including Cortona in Italy and Xiangyang in China, and in Latvia and HubeI in China. It was founded in 1881 and is one of the oldest cities in the U.S. Sister cities in Carmel were established in 1883 and 1894. The current sister city is Xiangyang on the outskirts of the city, in China's Guangdong Province. The sister city of Xiangyang is called Xiangyang-Xiangyang, which is in the province of Zhejiang, China. Carmel is also sister city to Cortona-Cortona, Italy, which was established in 1994.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana = 38.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 10. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Carmel = 4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 99,757 individuals with a median age of 36.3 age the population grows by 29.12% in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,032.3 residents per square mile of area (784.7/km²). There are average 2.74 people per household in the 17,592 households with an average household income of $90,786 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.30% of the available work force and has dropped -6.29% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.12%. The number of physicians in Carmel per 100,000 population = 435.5.


The annual rainfall in Carmel = 39.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 19.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 117. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 185. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 17.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 43, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana which are owned by the occupant = 77.12%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 19 years with median home cost = $246,910 and home appreciation of -2.60%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.91 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,161 per student. There are 17 students for each teacher in the school, 474 students for each Librarian and 638 students for each Counselor. 6.58% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 37.61% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 21.34% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Carmel's population in Hamilton County, Indiana of 4,511 residents in 1900 has increased 22,11-fold to 99,757 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.11% female residents and 48.89% male residents live in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana.

    As of 2020 in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana are married and the remaining 28.53% are single population.

  • 26.3 minutes is the average time that residents in Carmel require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    87.61% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.45% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.09% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 5.09% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana, 77.12% are owner-occupied homes, another 19.18% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.70% are vacant.

  • The 41.28% of the population in Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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