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City of Evansville

  •   State: 
    Vanderburgh County
      County FIPS: 
    37°58′38″N 87°33′2″W
      Area total: 
    47.85 sq mi
      Area land: 
    47.35 sq mi (122.65 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.49 sq mi (1.28 km²)
    384 ft (117 m)
    1812; Incorporated 1817 City Charter 1847
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Evansville, IN-KY
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,476.99 residents per square mile of area (956.37/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

The city of Evansville, Indiana was founded in 1812 and incorporated in 1817. It is situated on an oxbow in the Ohio River, and is often referred to as the "Crescent Valley" or "River City" Two NYSE-listed companies (Berry Global and OneMain Financial) are headquartered in Evansville. Three companies traded on NASDAQ (Escalade, Old National Bank, and Shoe Carnival) are also headquartered in the city. Bally's Evansville is the state's first casino; Mesker Park Zoo and Botanic Garden is one of the state’s oldest and largest zoos. The city has several notable educational institutions, including the University of Indiana and the Indiana University School of Medicine. The Evansville Vanderburgh School Corporation is the local public school district. Evansville's economy was boosted in 1830s when plans were unveiled to build the longest canal in the world. The Wabash & Erie Canal was finished in 1853, and Evansville & Crawfordsville's first railroad was built in 1855. The state's largest city is Fort Wayne, Indiana, the largest city in Southern Indiana, and the 249th-most populous city in the United States. The 38th parallel crosses the north side of the city and is marked on Interstate 69. The population was 118,414 at the 2020 census, making it Indiana's third most populous city after Indianapolis and Fort Wayne. The area has been inhabited by various indigenous cultures for millennia, dating back at least 10,000 years.


Evansville is the primary city name, but also Darmstadt are acceptable city names or spellings, Daylight, Evansville Dress Regional Ai, Knight, Mccutchanville on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Evansville. The city of Evansville, Indiana was founded in 1812 and incorporated in 1817. It is situated on an oxbow in the Ohio River, and is often referred to as the "Crescent Valley" or "River City" Evansville's economy received a boost in the early 1830s when Indiana unveiled plans to build the longest canal in the world, a 400-mile ditch to connect the Great Lakes at Toledo, Ohio with the inland rivers at Evansville. The project bankrupted the state and was so poorly engineered that it would not hold water. By 1900, Evansville was one of the world's largest hardwood furniture centers, with 41 factories employing approximately 2,000 workers. In 1916, the Graham brothers entered the truck business, seeing the need for dependable truck chassis. In 1921, after the death of both brothers, Graham Brothers Trucks became the home to Torbensen Trucks until 1929. In the early 20th century, the city continued to develop, particularly in the automobile and refrigeration industries. By the 1890 census, Evansille ranked as theth-largest city in America, but it was surpassed by other cities in the late 19th century. The city is home to 56 urban areas, 56 of which are urban areas. The area around Evansville has a population of more than 1.5 million people. Evansville is located on the Indiana River, which was once a main route for shipping on the New York and New England railroads.


The Evansville metropolitan area is the 142nd largest in the United States. It includes three Indiana counties (Posey, Vanderburgh, and Warrick) and two Kentucky counties (Henderson, and Webster) Evansville is at 37°58'38" north, 87°33'2" west (37.977166, 87.550566). According to the 2010 census, Evansville has an area of 44.622 square miles (115.57 km²), of which 44.15 square miles. (114.35 km²) (or 98.94%) is land and 0.472 square miles [1.22 km²] (or 1.06%) is water. Evansville lies within the northern limits of the humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), and straddles the border between USDA plant hardiness zones 6b and 7a. Summers are hot and humid, winters are cold to cool. Annual precipitation averages 45.3 inches (1,150 mm), including an average seasonal snowfall of 11.8 inches (30 cm) Evansville winters can range from just 0.5 in (1.3 cm) of snowfall in 201112, up to 37.9 in (96 cm) in 196970. Extreme temperatures range from 23 °F (31 °C) on February 2 up to 111 °C on July 28, 1930; the record warm minimum of 82 °C (28 °F) was last reached on July 8, 1980.


As of the 2010 census, there were 117,429 people, 50,588 households, and 28,085 families residing in the city. The median household income was $36,330 (2016), with the per capita income being $21,368 (2016). Poverty level was 21.7%. The median age was 36.5 years, with 22.1% of residents under the age of 18; 11.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26% were from 25 to 44; 25.8% were 45 to 64, and 14.4% were 65 years of age or older. The racial makeup of the city was 82.0% White, 12.6% African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.0%. The city's population density was 2,659.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,027.0/km²). There were 57,799 housing units at an average density of 1,309.2 per squaremile (505.5/ km²). The gender makeup ofthe city was 48.1 % male and 51.9% female. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was2.91. The city has one of the highest murder rates in the country. The murder rate is the highest among the city's residents, with more than half of all murders occurring in the first three years of a person's life. It is the only city in the state with a population of more than 100,000.


Evansville is the regional center for a large trade area in Indiana, Kentucky, and Illinois. The largest industry sectors in size in Evansville are healthcare, finance, education, and manufacturing. Other major industries by employment are energy, warehousing and distribution, and retail. Chemicals make up 64% of international exports from the metro area, followed by transportation equipment (18%) and food manufacturing (5%). Evansville's strategic location on the Ohio River, strong rail and highway infrastructure, and its designation as a U.S. Customs Port of Entry, make it an ideal location for the transfer of cargo, including internationally. The city of Evansville offers a tax structure for companies locating inside the Evansville urban enterprise zone. Established in 1984 as one of five enterprise zones in the state, the 2.1-square-mile (5.4 km²) area offers inventory tax credits and other tax credits to eligible businesses. Evansville is also a regional energy hub because of regional energy-related facilities such as BWX Technologies Nuclear Operations Group, coal mines, Global Blade Technology, several large ethanol and biofuel facilities, and a network of gas and oil pipelines. The Evansville Vanderburgh School Corporation, Ivy Tech Community College of Indiana, University of Evans Evansville and the University of Southern Indiana also contribute thousands of jobs to the tri-state annually. Evansville has emerged as the Tri-state's major center for the healthcare and medical sciences industries. Deaconess Health System and St. Vincent Evansville provide the anchors for a health care system that are among the region's largest employers.

Arts and culture

Bosse Field, a 7,180-seat baseball stadium in Garvin Park, is the third-oldest ballpark still in regular use in the United States. The Germania Männerchor Volksfest is a three-day German heritage festival which takes place every August. Angel Mounds State Park is nationally recognized as one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in America. The Ford Center is a multi-use indoor arena downtown with a maximum seating capacity of 11,000 connected via Sky Bridge to the Evansville DoubleTree Hotel. The Evansville African American Museum was established to continually develop a resource and cultural center to collect, preserve and educate the public on the history and traditions of African American families, organizations, and communities. The museum is the last remaining D.C. housing project created under the administration of Franklin Roosevelts in 1938. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in October 1973. It is one of Indiana's most significant cultural centers in the southern part of the state. It holds the Koch Planetarium, the oldest French architecture in southern Indiana from the mid-twentieth century through the early 20th century. It also holds the only Victorian House Museum in the state, which is located on the campus of the University of Evansville in the city's west side. It has three floors of interactive exhibits and galleries. The Children's Museum is the result of two years of planning and was constructed in the historic Central Library downtown. The Art Deco building is listed on the national register of historic Places.


Evansville is home to two NCAA Division I athletic programs, the Evansville Purple Aces basketball team and the Southern Indiana Screaming Eagles basketball team. The Evansville Coliseum is also home to the WFTDA league, the Demolition City Roller Derby. Evansville used to play host to the top tier boat racing circuit of H1 Unlimited when it hosted Thunder on the Ohio along the Ohio River in downtown Evansville from 1979 to 2009. In 2021, the city saw the formation of two minor league soccer clubs: the Evans Evans Legends FC and the Midwest Hooligans. The city has also hosted a Drum Corps International Summer tour competition at the Reitz Bowl, since 1978 with a brief hiatus from 2008 to 2013. The Deaconess Aquatic Center replaced Lloyd as the local hub for swim and dive in October 2021. The two-mile Evansville tri-oval was known as one of the fastest hydroplane courses in the world, as various world records were set on the Evansvilles course. In 2017, Hydrofest, an American Power Boat Association event, was introduced to Evansville. The event normally takes place in June, and draws over 3,000 spectators. It is the only DCI event within a 100 mile radius. It's the only event within the city that draws over 2,000 people or more per day. The U.S. Open is held in Evansville every year in October. The University of Evansville has a track and field team that competes in the Indiana State Series.

Parks and recreation

Wesselman Woods Nature Preserve is a National Natural Landmark containing approximately 200 acres (0.8 km²) of virgin bottomland hardwood forest. Wesselman Park features a Par 3 golf course, basketball courts, tennis courts, sand volleyball courts, softball fields, and a playground. Dress Plaza along the riverfront offers a brick paved walkway above, and tiered seating below with a view of the Ohio River. A bicycle and pedestrian trail extend into adjacent counties and links to the American Discovery Trail. The city's operates four public golf courses, two disc golf courses, Garvin Park, Lloyd Pool, the Goebel Soccer Complex, Swonder Ice Arena and the C.K. Newsome Community Center. A trail system includes the Pigeon Creek Greenway Passage, a 6.75 mi (10.86 km) bicycle and. pedestrian trail. The City of Evansville has a municipal park system with 65 parks and 21 special facilities encompassing more than 2,300 acres (9 km²] of land in the city and Vanderburgh County. Anchored by the Four Freedoms Monument and the Bally's Evansville, Dress Plaza is a brick paving walkway with tiered. seating below and views of theOhio River. It is located along the city's riverfront and is located on the edge of downtown Evansville. It also has a park system that includes a public golf course and a disc golf course. The park system also includes a soccer complex and an ice arena.


The Mayor of Evansville, Lloyd Winnecke, serves as the chief executive officer. A nine-member elected City Council is the legislative and fiscal body of city government. Some of the city's governmental functions are shared with Vanderburgh County officials. The county has eight state trial courts of original jurisdiction. One circuit court and seven superior courts. The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Indiana maintains a permanent division in the city. In recent years various bi-partisan groups have advocated merging the Evansville city and Vanderburgh county governments, as was done in other surrounding cities such as Indianapolis, Louisville, and Nashville. The school system is consolidated countywide in Evansville Vanderburgh School Corporation and the library system is Consolidated countywide. Additional countywide authorities are in place for theEvansville Regional Airport and for flood control via the countywide levee authority. The region is in the 8th district of Indiana and served by Representative Larry Bucshon. Most of the county is in District 50, which extends to the east, a seat held by Vaneta Becker. In general, the southern third of the country and Armstrong Township are part of District 49, currently held by Jim Tomes. The city's west side is also in District 49. Most people in the county live in Vanderburgh. County's delegation to the Indiana State House of Representatives comprises three representatives: Wendy McNamara (District 76), Gail Riecken (District 77), and Holli Sullivan (District 78). Evansville and Vanderburg County are represented by two state senators.


The University of Evansville (UE) is a small, private, Methodist affiliated university with approximately 3,050 students. The University of Southern Indiana is a public university just outside Evansville city limits. Other campuses in the city include Ivy Tech Community College and Oakland City University's School of Adult and Extended Learning. Evansville Vanderburgh School Corporation consists of five public high schools, 11 middle schools, and 20 elementary schools. In addition, there are two parochial, two charter, and one private school. Catholic education is administered by the Roman Catholic Diocese ofEvansville. The Indiana University School of Medicine - Evansville opened in 2018 in a new interdisciplinary academic health science education and research campus downtown. The school began transitioning to Division 1 sports in the 2022-2023 school year. It is among the fastest growing comprehensive state universities in Indiana. The city is home to the Indiana State Police, the Indiana National Guard, and the Vanderburgh County Sheriff's Office. The Evansville Police Department is a member of the Indiana Department of Public Safety, which is based in the Evansville suburb of Vincennes. It has been in existence since 1854 and is one of the oldest police departments in the state of Indiana. It was founded in 1854 as the Vanderburg Police Department. The Vanderburg County Sheriff’s Office was established in 1852. It serves the Evans County area and has been based in Evansville since 1861. It currently has a police force that serves the city and the surrounding area.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana = 38.2. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 27. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 82. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Evansville = 4.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 117,298 individuals with a median age of 37.3 age the population dropped by -5.17% in Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,476.99 residents per square mile of area (956.37/km²). There are average 2.18 people per household in the 50,618 households with an average household income of $35,841 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.30% of the available work force and has dropped -5.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.22%. The number of physicians in Evansville per 100,000 population = 290.8.


The annual rainfall in Evansville = 43.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 13.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 114. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 204. 89 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 23.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 34, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana which are owned by the occupant = 53.10%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 52 years with median home cost = $97,020 and home appreciation of 1.91%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.85 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,133 per student. There are 15.6 students for each teacher in the school, 672 students for each Librarian and 462 students for each Counselor. 6.04% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.34% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.69% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Evansville's population in Vanderburgh County, Indiana of 59,007 residents in 1900 has increased 1,99-fold to 117,298 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.55% female residents and 47.45% male residents live in Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana.

    As of 2020 in Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana are married and the remaining 49.54% are single population.

  • 20 minutes is the average time that residents in Evansville require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.40% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.55% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.63% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.82% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana, 53.10% are owner-occupied homes, another 35.99% are rented apartments, and the remaining 10.91% are vacant.

  • The 48.65% of the population in Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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