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  •   State: 
    Baltimore County
      County FIPS: 
    39°18′28″N 76°27′6″W
      Area total: 
    12.04 sq mi (31.19 km²)
      Area land: 
    9.26 sq mi (23.98 km²)
      Area water: 
    2.78 sq mi (7.20 km²)
    39 ft (12 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    4,374.19 residents per square mile of area (1,688.96/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Essex is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. The population was 39,262 at the 2010 census and is growing in population each year. The town hosts beaches, parks, wetlands, a courthouse, and a museum which was once a school, courthouse, jail, and firehouse. Essex was originally ten blocks, running from Mace Avenue to Marlyn Avenue. It began in 1909 by the Taylor Land Company for the residents in Baltimore who wanted a place outside the city limits to perhaps grow a garden or to pursue some other rural activity. The Glenn L. Martin Company was the single biggest reason for the rapid growth of the area. Employment at the company peaked at more than 53,000 workers during World War II. The remaining aerospace business followed a progression of corporate mergers and today is owned and operated by Lockheed Martin. There is interest in revitalizing Essex by including it in government-sponsored empowerment zones. Essex has a small island on the Chesapeake Bay named Hart Hart Island. The island is only accessible by boat and is located in Rocky Point, near the tip of the peninsula. It boasts an observation tower, hiking trails, and an observation deck. The largest shopping center, Middlesex, was built in 1955 which once had a department store Montgomery Ward and food fair as the anchors of the shopping center. Essex Community College, now CCBC-Essex, was founded in 1957. Ballestone Mansion built in 1800 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.


Essex is the primary city name, but also Baltimore are acceptable city names or spellings. Essex was originally ten blocks, running from Mace Avenue to Marlyn Avenue. The Glenn L. Martin Company was the single biggest reason for the rapid growth of the area. Employment at the company peaked at more than 53,000 workers during World War II. Eastern Rolling Mill, at the head of the Back River, produced carbon sheet steel. The plant merged with the British company Avesta-Sheffield in the early 1990s, finally shutting down operations in the late 1990s. A fire in August 1957 destroyed an entire block of businesses on Eastern Boulevard, and the towns business district never fully recovered from that catastrophe. There is interest in revitalizing Essex by including it in government-sponsored empowerment zones. Many neighborhoods have begun a "clean-up" of their areas, hoping to transform Essex into a place that will be ready to move into the twenty-first century. On August 2, 2009, the community of Essex celebrated its 100th birthday with a party at Cox's Point Park on Riverside Drive. It featured live music by Joey McCann, Mickey Light, Maria Rose, Don "Big Daddy Country" Cox, and others. The event was hosted by the Baltimore County Public Library and was attended by more than 1,000 people. The party was held at Cox’s Point Park, which is located on the corner of Eastern Boulevard and Riverside Drive, in Baltimore County, Maryland. It was also held at Kenwood High School, with fifty part-time and nine full-time students. The Ballestone Mansion built in 1800 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.


Essex is located at 39°1828N 76°276W (39.307737, 76.451710). The town is on mostly flat to gently rolling terrain, transitioning to marshland at the tip of the peninsula. Essex has a small island on the Chesapeake Bay named Hart Miller Island. The island boasts an observation tower, beaches, and hiking trails. A made made landfill linking two Chesapeake islands consisting of Hart and Miller island. Essex is home to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which is based in the town of Essex. The town has a total area of 11.9 square miles (30.8 km²), of which 9.3 sq miles (24.0 km²) is land and 2.6sq miles (6.8km²), or 22.16%, is water. The city has a population of 2,816. It is located in the eastern part of the state, near the border with Virginia and Maryland, and is located on the eastern edge of the Eastern Seaboard. It has an elevation of 39.18°N 76.276W. The CDP has an area of 9.8 square miles, or 24.0 km², with 9.9 square miles (24 km 2) of land and 9 square miles (23.8 mi) of water. Essex was founded in 1838. It was named after Essex, Virginia, a town in the state's eastern part.


As of the census of 2000, there were 39,078 people, 15,952 households, and 10,336 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 4,104.1 people per square mile (1,584.9/km²). There were 16,997 housing units at an average density of 1,785.1 per squaremile (689.3/ km²) The racial makeup of the CPD was 74.56% White, 20.98% African American, 0.55% Native American, 1.17% Asian, 0,05% Pacific Islander, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.26% of the population. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00. The median income for a household in theCDP was $34,978, and the median family income was $42,177. About 10.0% of families and 12.2% of those under the age of 18 were below the poverty line, including 16. 2% ofThose under age 18 and 11.0%. The CDP is located on the New Jersey Turnpike, which connects to New Jersey and New Jersey by rail. It is located near the border with New Jersey, New Hampshire, and New York City. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which took place in World War I.

Schools in Essex, Maryland

Essex Elementary, Middle and High Schools are located in Essex, Maryland. The school district has more than 1,000 students. The district also has a high school, technical school, middle school and high school. It is home to a number of private schools, including a private day school and a middle school. The state's highest school is Chesapeake High School, which has about 1,200 students. It also has two middle schools and two high schools, which have around 1,100 students. There are no high schools in the district, but there are several technical schools and one private school. There is also a private school in the town of Essex, called St. Stephens Academy. It has about 2,500 students and is located on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. It was founded in 1881. It's the oldest school in Essex. It opened in 1883. It became the first public school to open in Essex in 1885. It closed in 1891. It still exists today, along with two other schools in Essex and the town's other schools. The town has a total of 1,400 students and 2,000 residents. It had a population of 1.5 million in 1887. It now has 1,700 students and 1,800 residents. The city has a school system with more than 2,300 students, including private schools and a public school. it was established in 1894. It began in 1884. It moved to Essex in 1896 and has been there since.

Notable person

Lamar King is a former NFL defensive end. Ego Nwodim is a current Saturday Night Live performer. Both are of Nigerian descent. King is the son of former NFL star Lamar King. NwODim is the brother of former NBA star Ego "Ego" Nwoderim. Both were born in Owerri, Nigeria. King played for the Philadelphia Eagles, while NWodim played in the NFL for the San Francisco 49ers. King was also a member of the U.S. Army during the 1980s and 1990s. He is the father of actor-comedian-actor-actor Lamar King, who appeared on SNL in 2010 and 2011. He was also the brother-in-law of actor/comedian Ego 'Ego' "Egos" Nodim, who also appeared on the show in 2010. King also has a son, Ego, who was born in 1981. He appeared on "Saturday Night Live" in 2009 and 2010. He also appeared in "The Office" in 2011 and 2012. He has appeared on several episodes of "SNL" in the past, including "The Voice" and "The Tonight Show" in 2012 and 2013. King has a daughter, Lecia, who is also a performer and appeared in the show's second season. He had a son with actress/singer-songwriter-turned-actress Amy Poehler, who starred on "The Colbert Report" in 2008.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland = 5.6. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 47. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 79. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Essex = 4.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 40,505 individuals with a median age of 36.9 age the population grows by 0.54% in Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 4,374.19 residents per square mile of area (1,688.96/km²). There are average 2.43 people per household in the 16,123 households with an average household income of $43,195 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.80% of the available work force and has dropped -4.84% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.52%. The number of physicians in Essex per 100,000 population = 341.6.


The annual rainfall in Essex = 42 inches and the annual snowfall = 21.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 114. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 210. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 28.7 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 42, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland which are owned by the occupant = 49.34%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 47 years with median home cost = $168,800 and home appreciation of -2.18%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $13.08 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,343 per student. There are 14.9 students for each teacher in the school, 582 students for each Librarian and 358 students for each Counselor. 4.75% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 5.47% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 2.47% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Essex's population in Baltimore County, Maryland of 1,739 residents in 1900 has increased 23,29-fold to 40,505 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.60% female residents and 48.40% male residents live in Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland.

    As of 2020 in Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland are married and the remaining 47.49% are single population.

  • 31.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Essex require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    74.36% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 15.00% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.52% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.59% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland, 49.34% are owner-occupied homes, another 44.66% are rented apartments, and the remaining 6.00% are vacant.

  • The 44.87% of the population in Essex, Baltimore County, Maryland who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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