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City of Frederick

  •   State: 
    Frederick County
      County FIPS: 
    39°24′50″N 77°24′40″W
      Area total: 
    24.05 sq mi
      Area land: 
    23.85 sq mi (61.76 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.10 sq mi (0.26 km²)
    302 ft (92 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    3,264.33 residents per square mile of area (1,260.35/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Frederick is a city in and the county seat of Frederick County, Maryland. It is located at the intersection of a major northsouth Native American trail and eastwest routes to the Chesapeake Bay. The city's population was 78,171 people as of the 2020 United States census, making it the second-largest incorporated city in Maryland (behind Baltimore). Frederick is home to Frederick Municipal Airport (IATA: FDK), which accommodates general aviation, and Fort Detrick, a U.S. Army bioscience/communications research installation and Frederick county's largest employer. Frederick is part of the Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of a greater Washington-Baltimore-arlington, DC/VA/WV Combined Statistical Area. It was named for Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore (one of the proprietors of Maryland), Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales, and Frederick "The Great" of Prussia. The current town's first house was built by a young German Reformed schoolmaster from the Rhineland Palatinate named Johann Thomas Schley (died 1790), who led a party of immigrants (including his wife, Maria Von Winz) to the Maryland colony. Probably the oldest house still standing in Frederick today is Schifferstadt, built in 1756 by German settler Joseph Brunner and now the Architectural Museum of Frederick. Frederick was an important stop along the Great Wagon Road, which came from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and continued down the Shenandoah Valley.


Frederick is the primary city name, but also Fort Detrick are acceptable city names or spellings, College Estates on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is City of Frederick. Frederick is a town in Frederick County, Maryland. It was named for Frederick Calvert, 6th Baron Baltimore, and Frederick Louis, Prince of Wales. The town is located near Catoctin Mountain, the easternmost ridge of the Blue Ridge mountains and the rolling hills of the Piedmont region. Native American hunters followed the Monocacy River from the Susquehanna River watershed in Pennsylvania to the Potomac River watershed and the lands of the Algonquian peoples. The earliest European settlement was slightly north of Frederick in Monoc Tracy, Maryland, which was abandoned before the American Revolutionary War. Frederick was an important stop along the migration route that became known as the Great Wagon Road, which came down from Gettysburg, Pennsylvania and Emmitsburg, Maryland and continued south following the Great Appalachian Valley through Winchester and Roanoke, Virginia. The current town's first house was built by a young German Reformed schoolmaster from the Rhineland Palatinate named Johann Thomas Schley (died 1790), who led a party of immigrants (including his wife, Maria Von Winz) to the Maryland colony. Probably the oldest house still standing in Frederick today is Schifferstadt, built in 1756 by German settler Joseph Brunner and now the Schifferstadt Architectural Museum. The county originally extended to the Appalachian mountains (areas further west being disputed between the colonies of Virginia and Pennsylvania until 1789). The current county seat is Frederick Town, made the county seat of Frederick County in 1748.


Frederick is located in Frederick County in the northern part of the state of Maryland. The city has served as a major crossroads since colonial times. It lies 50 miles (80 km) west of Baltimore, 49 miles (79 km) north and slightly west of Washington, D.C., 24 miles (39 km) southeast of Hagerstown and 71 miles (114 km) southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.96 square miles (62.06 km²) The city's area is predominantly land, with small areas of water being the Monocacy River, which runs to the east of the city, Carroll Creek (which runs through the city and causes periodic floods, such as that during the summer of 1972 and fall of 1976), as well as several neighborhood ponds and small city owned lakes. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally cool winters. It is located to the west of the fall line, which gives the city slightly lower temperatures compared to locales further east. It has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated Cfa on climate maps. In relation to nearby cities, Frederick lies 30 miles (50 km) south of Baltimore and 25 miles (40 km) east of Washington. It also lies 49 miles north of Washington and 21 miles (30 km) northeast of Baltimore. It was the site of the Battle of the Bulge, which took place in 1864.


The city's population grew by 23.6% in the ten years since the 2000 census, making it the fastest growing incorporated area in the state of Maryland with a population of over 50,000 for 2010. The 2010 census data show the city's Hispanic population at 9,402, a 271 percent increase compared with 2,533 in 2000. The city's black or African-American population increased 56 percent, from 7,777 in 2000 to 12,144 in 2010. Approximately 7.7% of the total population, 5.3% of families, and 5.2% of adults aged 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The unemployment rate in the city for adults over the age of 18 was 5.1%. The median value of a home in Frederick city as of 2009 was $303,900, with the bulk of owner-occupied homes valued at between $300,000 and $500,000. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age of a Frederick city resident for 2009 was 34 years. For adults aged 18 or older, the population was 48.6 per cent male and 51.4 per cent female. Approximately 31% of all households were made up of individuals living alone and 8.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. In regard to educational attainment for individuals aged 25 or older as of 2008, 34% of city's residents had a bachelor's or advanced professional degree.


Frederick has a board of aldermen of six members (one of whom is the mayor) that serves as its legislative body. Elections are held every four years. Democrat Michael O'Connor was re-elected mayor of Frederick in 2017. Kelly Russell, Donna Kuzemchak, Derek Shackelford, Katie Nash, and Ben MacShane, all Democrats, were elected to the board in 2021. The city has its own police department. It is located on the banks of the Potomac River, which flows into the Ohio River. It has a population of 2,000, with a population growth rate of 1.7% per year. It was the site of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s and 1970s. It also was the location of the World War II-era Battle of the Bulge, which took place in 1871 and 1872. It's located on a river that runs through the center of the city, and the city was founded in 1881. The town was named after the town's founder, William Frederick, who was a member of Congress from 1881 to 1883. The current mayor was elected in 2017 by a majority of the vote of the City Council, with the support of the Democratic Party. The mayor is a Democrat, Michael O’Connor, who has been in office since 2007. The City of Frederick is located in the state of Ohio. It’s located near the Ohio Turnpike, which runs through Frederick.


Frederick is home to 600 businesses and organizations totaling nearly 5,000 employees. A growing technology sector can be found in downtown's historic renovated spaces, as well as in new office buildings located along Carroll Creek Park. More than $150 million in private investing is underway or planned in new construction, infill development or historic renovation in the park area. On the first Saturday of every month, Frederick hosts an evening event in the downtown area called "First Saturday" The average number of attendees visiting downtown Frederick during first Saturday events is around 11,000, with higher numbers from May to October. According to the county's comprehensive annual financial reports, the top employers by number of employees in the county are the following: Fort Detrick, Frederick National Laboratory for Cancer Research, Charles River Labs, and The Tasting Room and Olde Towne Tavern. The city's relative proximity to Washington, D.C., has always been an important factor in the development of its local economy, and will likely maintain a continued growth pattern over the next decade. The Frederick Historic District in the city's downtown houses more than 200 retailers, restaurants and antique shops along Market, Patrick and East Streets. During the late spring, summer, and early fall months, this event draws particularly large crowds from neighboring cities and towns in Maryland, and nearby locations in the tri-state area (Virginia and Pennsylvania). The event spans a ten-block area of Frederick and takes place from 5 p.m. to 9 p.M.


Frederick is well known for the "clustered spires" skyline of its historic downtown churches. Forbes magazine in 2010 called one of the United States' "Greatest Neighborhoods" The city's main mall is the Francis Scott Key Mall, now known as District 40. The city is home to the Frederick School of Classical Ballet, the official school for Maryland Regional Ballet. There are numerous religious denominations in Frederick, including African-American and European Catholics. Frederick is also home to indie-rock band Silent Mtns, whose music video for "50,000 Unstoppable" was shot in Frederick. The film Blair Witch Project (1999) was set in the woods west of Burkittsville, Maryland, in western Frederick County, but it was not filmed there. In August 2007, the streets of Frederick were adorned with 30 life-size fiberglass keys as part of a major public art project entitled "The Keys to Frederick". In October 2007, artist William Cochran created a large-scale glass project titled The Dreaming. Frederick has a community orchestra, the Frederick Symphony Orchestra, that performs five concerts per year consisting of classical masterpieces. A weekly recital is played on the Joseph Dill Baker Carillon every Sunday, year 'round, at 12:30 p.m. for half an hour. The carillon can be heard from anywhere in Baker Park, and the city carillonneur can be seen playing in the tower once a year on the Candlelight tour of Historic Houses of Worship, on the first weekday after Christmas.


Frederick Keys are an unaffiliated minor league baseball team. The club plays home games at Thomas Athletic Field at Hood College. The Keys are named after Francis Scott Key, who was a resident of Frederick, and play in Harry Grove Stadium. FC Frederick, a semi-pro team in the National Premier Soccer League, play in the Capital One Cup. The team was formerly associated with the Baltimore Orioles (1989-2000) and the Baltimore Red Sox (2001-2010) The club is named after the late Francis Scott Keys. The current team is called the Frederick Keys, who play at Harry Grove stadium. They are currently in their third season in the NPL, having played in their first two seasons in the American Premier League and the Canadian Premier League. They play their home games in the stadium that was once home to the Maryland Red Sox, the team's former franchise. They also play at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, where they were founded in 1903. They have also played in the MLS, playing in the Capital One Cup and the MLS Cup. They currently play in Maryland's Prince George's County, Maryland, which was once part of the city of Frederick and is now part of Maryland City, Maryland. Their home stadium is at the University of Maryland, and they play their games at Hood Academy, which is located in the city's College of Arts and Sciences. They were previously known as the Frederick Red Sox and the Frederick Red Sox.


Frederick County Public Schools (FCPS) operates area public schools. FCPS ranks number one in the state of Maryland in the 2012 School Progress Index accountability data. All of FCPS's high schools, except for Oakdale High School, are ranked in the top 10% of the nation for encouraging students to take AP classes. The main library for Frederick County is located in downtown Frederick, with several branches across the county. Frederick County was long-time home to a highly innovative outdoor school for all sixth graders in Frederick County. This school was located at Camp Greentop, near the presidential retreat at Camp David and Cunningham Falls State Park.FCPS holds the second-lowest dropout rate in theState of Maryland at 3.84%, with a graduation rate at 93.31%. In 2013,FCPS's SAT average combined mean score was 1538, which is 55 points higher than Maryland's combined average of 1483 and 40 pointshigher than the nation's average of1498. FC PS's SAT averages are also higher than the state's average combined score of 1484. FCps's SAT scores are also 55 points above the state average combined scores of 1482. FC CPS's SAT scoring average is 1538 compared to the state and nation's averages of 1493 and 1498 respectively. The county is home to several private schools, including St. John's Catholic Prep, The Banner School of Frederick, and the Trinity School of Mary's, a joint Episcopal-Lutheran school.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland = 35.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 48. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 89. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Frederick = 4.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 78,171 individuals with a median age of 35.9 age the population grows by 14.22% in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,264.33 residents per square mile of area (1,260.35/km²). There are average 2.4 people per household in the 24,135 households with an average household income of $60,803 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.70% of the available work force and has dropped -2.42% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 28.46%. The number of physicians in Frederick per 100,000 population = 172.5.


The annual rainfall in Frederick = 39.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 18.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 111. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 200. 89 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 25.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 44, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland which are owned by the occupant = 53.11%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 24 years with median home cost = $222,550 and home appreciation of -8.30%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.39 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,782 per student. There are 16.4 students for each teacher in the school, 712 students for each Librarian and 409 students for each Counselor. 6.70% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.21% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.05% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Frederick's population in Frederick County, Maryland of 9,296 residents in 1900 has increased 8,41-fold to 78,171 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.77% female residents and 48.23% male residents live in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland.

    As of 2020 in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland are married and the remaining 44.94% are single population.

  • 31.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Frederick require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    74.20% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.82% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.85% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.05% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland, 53.11% are owner-occupied homes, another 40.45% are rented apartments, and the remaining 6.44% are vacant.

  • The 46.36% of the population in Frederick, Frederick County, Maryland who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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