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Stoneham

Stoneham, Massachusetts

  •   State: 
    Massachusetts
      County: 
    Middlesex County
      City: 
    Stoneham
      County FIPS: 
    25017
      Coordinates: 
    42°28′48″N 71°06′00″W
      Area total: 
    17.4 km² (6.7 sq mi)
      Area land: 
    15.9 km² (6.2 sq mi)
      Area water: 
    1.5 km² (0.6 sq mi)
      Elevation: 
    47 m (155 ft)
      Established: 
    1645; Settled 1645; Incorporated 1725
  •   Latitude: 
    42,4824
      Longitude: 
    -71,0975
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Boston-Cambridge-Newton, MA-NH
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    02180
      GMAP: 

    Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, United States

  •   Population: 
    35,426
      Population density: 
    1,300/km 2 (3,500 residents per square mile of area)
      Household income: 
    $68,728
      Households: 
    8,827
      Unemployment rate: 
    7.20%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    5.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.30%

Stoneham is a town in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, nine miles (14.5 km) north of downtown Boston. Its population was 23,244 at the 2020 census. The town is the birthplace of the Olympic figure-skating medalist Nancy Kerrigan and is the location of the Stone Zoo. Stoneham was first settled by colonists in 1634 and was originally a part of Charlestown. During the Industrial Revolution, Stoneham prospered as a major shoe-manufacturing center. It is located at 42°2848N 71°554W (42.480145, 71.098352).According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.7 square miles (17.4 km²), of which 6.2 square miles. (15.9 km²) is land and 0.6 sq miles (1.5km²), or 8.36%, is water. The first church was organized in 1729, with members being released from the congregations in Reading and Melrose to form it. In 1678, there were six colonists with their families, all in the northeast part of the town, probably because of its proximity to the settlement in Reading (now Wakefield). By 1725, the population of the area, called "Charlestown End", had increased until there were 65 male inhabitants paying taxes; however, they were miles away from the settlement and could not conveniently reach its church or school. In 1725 the General Court passed an act to establish the new township of Stoneham.

History

Stoneham was first settled by colonists in 1634 and was originally a part of Charlestown. The town's first meeting-house was erected in 1726, as was its Burying Ground. During the Industrial Revolution, Stoneham prospered as a major shoe-manufacturing center. Traces of its colonial history are still to be seen in the Spot Pond Archeological District of the Middlesex Fells Reservation. The first church was organized in 1729, with members being released from the congregations in Reading and Melrose to form it. In the same year, the town voted to raise £9 for the building of a school, and chose a committee to hire a schoolmaster. In 1725, the General Court passed an act to establish the new township of Stoneham, separating it from CharlestOWN, and releasing its residents from the obligation to pay taxes to Charlesttown. In 1678, there were six colonists with their families, all in the northeast part of the town, probably because of its proximity to the settlement in Reading (now Wakefield). By 1725 there were 65 male inhabitants paying taxes; however, they were miles away from the settlement and could not conveniently reach its church or school. For this reason, Captain Benjamin Geary and 53 other residents of the area petitionedCharlestown to allow them to be separated. The Town refused their petition at first, but on December 17, 17 25, the general court passed an Act to establish Stoneham.

Government

Stoneham is part of the Massachusetts's 5th congressional district and is represented by Katherine Clark. The United States Senators are Ed Markey and Elizabeth Warren. Mike Day represents the district in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. He replaced Jason Lewis who now represents Stoneham in theachusetts Senate for the 5th Middlesex Senate district. Stoneham is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs through the town. The turnpike is one of the busiest roads in the state, reaching speeds of up to 100 miles per hour (160 km/h) in some areas. The town is home to the Stoneham Memorial Hospital, which was built in the early 1900s. The hospital was the first to be built in Stoneham, and was completed in the mid-19th century. It is also the site of the state's oldest cemetery, which dates back to the 17th century and is located in the village of Stoneham. The village is also home to a number of historic sites, including the Stonehenge, a 17th-century burial site, and the site where the remains of the Boston Massacre were buried. The Stoneham River flows through the village, and runs into the Boston Harbor. The district is also part of Massachusetts' Middlesex County, which is in the Middlesex region of the Berkshires. The area is known as the "Middlesex River Valley" and was once the source of much of the region's water supply. It was also the location of the town's first post office, which opened in 1841.

Geography

Stoneham is located at 42°2848N 71°554W (42.480145, 71.098352).According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 6.7 square miles (17.4 km²) It borders the following cities or towns: Woburn, Winchester, Medford, Melrose, Wakefield, and Reading. Stoneham has two exits off Interstate 93, Winchester Highlands and Montvale Avenue. It also has one exit off Interstate 95, Route 28. The town is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs from New Hampshire to Rhode Island. It has a population of 2,816. It is the only town in the state to have a post office, which opened in 1859. It was the first post office in Massachusetts, and the first in the United States. It closed in 1872. It opened again in 1875. It had a population in 1879 of 1,822, and in 1881 of 2, 821, and now has 2,715. It lies at an elevation of 42.28°N 71.554W, and has a surface of 6,722.2 square miles, of which 6.2 sq miles (15.9 km²), or 8.36% is land. The rest of the town is made up of water, or 0.6 sq miles, or 1.5 km², or 8% of its surface.

Demographics

At the 2000 census, there were 22,219 people, 9,050 households and 5,873 families residing in the town. There were 9,289 housing units at an average density of 1,510.9 per square mile (583.2/km²) The racial makeup of the town was 95.01% White, 2.61% Asian, 0.89% Black or African American, 0.05% Native American,0.04% Pacific Islander, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population. The median household income was $56,605 and the median family incomes was $71,334. About 3.0% of families and 4.1% of residents were below the poverty line, including 5.7% of those under age 18 and 5.5% ofThose age 65 or over. The town is located on the U.S.-Mexico border and was once part of the state of New Mexico. It is now part of New Hampshire and is located in the New Hampshire Department of Game and Fish. It was once the site of the New Jersey Turnpike, which was built in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It has a population of about 22,000, with the majority of its residents living in or near the town center. The city is located near the junction of the N.C. and New Hampshire Turnpikes, which were built around the turn of the century.

Transportation

Stoneham is inside the Route 128 belt that delineates the core of metropolitan Boston. The Oak Grove subway station is 3.8 miles (6.1 km) from Stoneham Center, in Malden. Several commuter rail stations are in bordering communities of Melrose, Winchester, Wakefield, Reading, Medford, Woburn and Malden, each providing transportation to Boston's North Station. The Tri-Community Greenway path goes through Stoneham accessible to walkers/bikers. And the MBTA's 325 Express Bus to downtown Boston offers limited service to Stoneham and surrounding areas. The town is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs north-south through the town. It is also on Interstate 93 and Route 128/Interstate 95, which pass just to the north of the town and to the east of Boston's downtown area. It has a population of 2,000, making it one of the smallest towns in the Boston area, along with Cambridge, Cambridge, Dorchester and Brookfield. The city is home to the Boston Children's Museum, which is open to the public on the weekends and on the weekdays. It also has a public library, which offers free Wi-Fi to residents and visitors to the town for the duration of the school year. Stoneham is also home to a number of small businesses, including the Stoneham Post Office, which serves the town's residents and surrounding communities. The Town Hall is located in the center of Stoneham, and the town has a post office that serves the area.

Education

Stoneham has one public high school (Stoneham High School) and one public middle school. There are also three public elementary schools (Colonial Park School, Robin Hood School and South School) The private Seventh-day Adventist school Greater Boston Academy offers programs for Pre-K to grade 8. Saint Patrick School, a Catholic school, conducts programs from pre-K level to grade eight. Stoneham has a population of 2,000 people. The town is located on the Massachusetts Turnpike, which runs through the town's center. It is the second-largest town in the state, after Cambridge, Massachusetts, with 2,200 residents. The city's population is 2,100. It has one of the highest percentages of African-American residents in the town, with 1.8% of residents living in or around Stoneham. It also has the highest percentage of Hispanic residents, at 1.9%. The town has a high percentage of white residents, with 3.7% of the population living in and around the town of Stoneham, compared to 2.4% for all other towns in the county. The majority of the town is made up of non-whites, and the majority of its residents are from the U.S. state of Massachusetts. The population is predominantly white, with only a few non-white residents living outside of the city of Cambridge. The largest percentage of residents is from the state of New Hampshire, which is home to 3,000 residents.

Nine O'Clock Horn

The Nine O'clock Horn is a horn that goes off from the Stoneham Fire Station every day at 9 a.m. and 9 p.M. Originally, the number of blasts of the horn was used to signal different groups to fight fires or alert the town of other emergencies such as a missing child. There have been a few occasions when the bell has not rung, including the September 11, 2001 attacks, and the Boston Marathon Bombing. The horn system is entirely automated. The horns are officially used to test the alert system, however Stoneham fire staff have stated that these horns remain primarily as a tradition. There are no plans to replace the horn system with a more modern alarm system. It is not known if there will ever be a 9 O'Clock Horn in the United States, however there are plans for a 9 o'clock bell in the UK. There is no plan to replace it with a new alarm system, but it is possible that it could be used in the future as a training tool for firemen and women. There has been no 9 O’clock horn in the U.S. since the 1960s. There were no 9 o’ clock horns in the 1970s or 1980s, but there have been some that have been used since the 1980s and 1990s. The nine o' clock horn is a tradition in Stoneham, Massachusetts, and has been used by the town since the early 1900s. It was first used to alert people of fires, but has since been used to warn people of missing children.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts = 43.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 43. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Stoneham = 3.5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 35,426 individuals with a median age of 43.3 age the population dropped by -3.82% in Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,300/km 2 (3,500 residents per square mile of area). There are average 2.39 people per household in the 8,827 households with an average household income of $68,728 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.20% of the available work force and has dropped -4.07% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 24.66%. The number of physicians in Stoneham per 100,000 population = 389.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Stoneham = 48.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 50.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 118. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 197. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 15.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 48, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts which are owned by the occupant = 66.00%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 48 years with median home cost = $318,680 and home appreciation of 1.19%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $6,091 per student. There are 14.6 students for each teacher in the school, 1447 students for each Librarian and 452 students for each Counselor. 8.44% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.94% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.82% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Stoneham's population in Middlesex County, Massachusetts of 1,661 residents in 1900 has increased 21,33-fold to 35,426 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.36% female residents and 47.64% male residents live in Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts.

    As of 2020 in Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts are married and the remaining 41.27% are single population.

  • 28.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Stoneham require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.94% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.21% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 7.61% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.26% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, 66.00% are owner-occupied homes, another 30.33% are rented apartments, and the remaining 3.67% are vacant.

  • The 68.03% of the population in Stoneham, Middlesex County, Massachusetts who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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