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City of Livonia

  •   State: 
    Wayne County
      County FIPS: 
    42°23′50″N 83°22′25″W
      Area total: 
    35.85 sq mi
      Area land: 
    35.70 sq mi (92.45 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.16 sq mi (0.41 km²)
    640 ft (206 m)
    1835; Incorporated 1950
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,676.43 residents per square mile of area (1,033.38/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Livonia is a city in Wayne County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 95,535 at the 2020 census, which ranked it as Michigan's ninth most-populated municipality. Originally organized as Livonia Township in 1835, it incorporated as a city on May 23, 1950, by vote of the citizens of the township. The city has a total area of 35.86 square miles (92.88 km²), of which 35.70 square miles is land and 0.41 km² is water. In 2010, there were 96,942 people, 38,714 households, and 26,856 families living in the city. An incentive was that this status would allow the residents to gain tax revenues from the Detroit Race Course (DRC) From 1985 it ran only harness racing for Standardbred, and the track closed in 1998, when the large property was sold for redevelopment. The last race tracks operating in the state were Hazel Park Raceway, which closed in 2018, and Northville Downs, which close in 2019. As of 2005,there were a number of Christian Palestinian Americans who had immigrated from Ramallah. They have developed and operated several small and medium-sized businesses. By 1985, Palestinian Christians had settled in Livonia, as well as the western suburbs of Farmington and Westland. The median income for a household in thecity was $65,391, and a family was $77,119. About 5.4% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line.


The borders of Livonia Township were defined by the Legislature of the Territory of Michigan on March 17, 1835. The settlers named the community "Livonia", after Livonia, New York, a town in the western part of the state from where many had migrated. Livonia was incorporated as a city on May 23, 1950, by vote of the citizens of the township. Six U.S. presidents have visited Livonia: Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush. As of 2005, there were a number of Christian Palestinian Americans who had immigrated from Ramallah. They have developed and operated several small and medium-sized businesses. Among the immigrants attracted to Detroit for its industrial jobs in the 20th century have been Palestinian and Lebanese Christians, as well as Muslims. By 1985, Palestinian Christians had settled in Livonia and the western suburbs of Farmington and Westland. From 1985 it ran only harness racing for Standardbred, and the track closed in 1998, when the large property was sold for redevelopment. The last race tracks operating in the state were Hazel Park Raceway, which closed in 2018, and Northville Downs, which close in 2019. The city is home to the Detroit Race Course (DRC), which ran harness racing from 1985 until 1998. The DRC is one of the oldest race tracks in the United States, dating back to the 1800s. It was a stop on the Detroit, Lansing and Northern Railroad and had a separate post office from 1858 until 1906.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.86 square miles (92.88 km²) of which 35.70 square miles is land and 0.16 sq miles (0.41km²) is water. The city is located on the Ohio River, which flows through the city. The Ohio River is a tributary of the Mississippi River, which runs through the center of the town. The river is a major source of water for the city, which has a population of around 2,000. It is also the source of the city's nickname, "The River City," which means "the river that runs through" the city and means "river" in Spanish. The town's name is derived from the name of a Native American tribe, the Ojibwe people. It was also known as "The City of the River" before the city was annexed by the United States in the 1800s. The name was later changed to "The Town of The River" by the town's residents. The River River was the site of the Battle of the Bulge, which took place in the late 1800s and early 1900s, when it was still known as the "River River" or "The Water River" The city's name was first used as a stage name in the 19th century. It has been known as The River City since the early 20th century, when the town was first settled by Native Americans.


As of the census of 2010, there were 96,942 people, 38,714 households, and 26,856 families living in the city. Livonia has a substantial Middle Eastern population mostly Arab and trace their ancestry to the Levant region, mainly from Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon. The Arab-American community settled in Livonia in the late 1960s and has since continued a steady growth. In 2000, the city was the highest percentage of non-Hispanic white people in the United States with over 100,000 people. The city has a population of 100,545 people, with 38,658 housing units at an average density of 1,082.3 per square mile (417.9/km²) The racial makeup of the city is 92.0% White, 3.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, and 1.4%. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2. 5% of the population. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01. The median income for a household was $65,391. The per capita income was $29,536. 15.6% of residents were under the age of 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over were living below the poverty line. In the city, the median age was 44.5 years, and the gender makeup was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.


Livonia is home to the Livonia Hockey Association, the largest amateur hockey association in Michigan. The Livonia City Soccer Club is one of the largest soccer programs in the state, with 1,300 participants. Livonia also has commercial and industrial sectors, restaurants and retail stores. The city's leading employers are Ford Motor Company, Trinity Health, ZF Automotive, and United Parcel Service. It is also home to Livonia Public Schools, St. Mary Mercy Hospital, and schools, colleges, churches, parks, recreation center, libraries and the St.Mary Mercy Hospital. It has two malls, Laurel Park Place and Wonderland Mall, which have since been dismantled and replaced with a development called Wonderland Village, anchored by Walmart and Target. It also has a large number of big-box stores, including a Walmart, Kohl's, and a Sears store, which is set to close in 2020. It was the site of the U.S. Open ice hockey tournament, which was held in Livonia from 1988 to 1991. It's also the home of two-time state champions the Livonian Knights, who play in the Michigan State Hockey League and the Michigan Division I Women's Hockey League. The town has a population of around 2,000, with the majority of its residents living in or near the city center. The population of Livonia was 3,000 in the year 2000, and is expected to reach 4,000 by the year 2015. The average household income in the city is about $50,000.

Arts and culture

The Livonia Public Library includes the Civic Center Library, the Alfred Noble Library, and the Carl Sandburg Library. The Vest Pocket Library is located in the back of the library. The library is open seven days a week and is open to the public. The public can also use the library's computer system to access the internet. The Livonia library is located on the second floor of a building on the city's east side. It is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday. It has a collection of more than 1,000 books and magazines. It also has a number of other special collections, such as art and music books, that are available for the public to use. The city's library system is funded by donations from the public, as well as grants from the city and the state of Livonia. It was established in 1872 and is the oldest public library in the U.S. and the third largest in the world. It opened its doors in 1875. It closed in 1881. It's located on a site on the east side of the city, near the town's downtown area. The town's main square is called the "Civic Center," and it is home to the town hall, library, and other public buildings. The Civic Center is located at the center of the Livonia community. The Library's main library is on the third floor of the building, which is also known as the "Vest Pocket Library" The library's other libraries are the "Alfred Noble Library" and the "Carl Sandburg library".


Livonia's mayor is Maureen Miller Brosnan. The city is located in Michigan's 11th congressional district. Most of Livonia makes up Michigan's 19th State House District which elected Laurie Pohutsky (Democrat) in 2018. A part of southeast Livonia is in the 11th district which is represented by, Jewell Jones (Dem Democrat). Livonia's 7th State Senate District is represented in the state legislature by Dayna Polehanki. Livonia has a population of about 2,000. It is located on the Michigan Turnpike, which connects to the Detroit River and the Michigan Saginaw River. It also has a water treatment treatment plant, which serves as a hub for the city's economy. The Livonia area is home to the Livonia Lions, an amateur hockey team. The team has been in existence since the 1970s and is currently in its eighth season of existence. The Lions have won three state championships and one Michigan state championship in the last 10 years. The club has also won two Michigan state championships in the 1990s and 2000s. It has won one state title in the 2000s and one in the 2010s. The league has won two state titles in the past three years, the most recent in 2012. It won the Michigan State House of Representatives in 2008 and the 2010 state Senate election. It was the first city in Michigan to win a state House title in more than 30 years. In the 2010 Michigan State Senate election, Livonia was the only city to win more than one seat.


Most of Livonia is served by the Livonia Public Schools district, consisting of two early childhood centers, thirteen elementary schools, four upper elementary Schools, three middle schools and three high schools. The district also serves students in portions of Westland. There are currently four high schools in Livonia, all of which are public: Franklin, Churchill and Stevenson high schools; and Clarenceville High School in the Clarenceville Public School District. Ladywood High School, a Catholic all-girls private school run by the Felician Sisters, closed in 2018. Madonna University, Schoolcraft College, and a small University of Phoenix campus are located in the city. The most recent university to open in Livonian is a Davenport University campus, which opened in 2008. The city is home to the U.S. Air Force Academy and the University of Michigan. Livonia also has a number of high schools that offer a variety of alternative education programs, such as the school of Global Education, which combines students' English and social studies classes with a focus on the student's role in the world. The town is also home to Webster Elementary School, which offers the Alternative Classrooms for the Academically Talented (ACAT) program, as well as many after-school programs. The original Webster school was burned down by an arsonist in 2008, and Webster was moved to a closed-down school, Tyler Elementary. The Livonia High School District offers an International Baccalaureate program for select students.


In 2012, the National Motorists Association released the results of a public poll on the "Worst Speed Trap Cities" in North America. Livonia has limited access to public bus service through the Detroit Department of Transportation. In 2012, Livonia was listed at #2 on the list of North America's worst speed trap cities. In 2013, the city was ranked at #3. In 2014, the town was ranked #4. In 2015, it was listed as #5. In 2016, the village was ranked as #6. In 2017, the community was ranked No. 7 on a list of the worst speed traps in the U.S., with Livonia being listed as No. 8. In 2018, the area was ranked number 9 on the North American speed trap list, with Detroit being ranked #1. The city was also listed as the #10 speed trap city in the United States, with a total speed limit of 50 miles per hour (80 km/h) The city has a population of 3,000. In 2010, the population was 3,500. In 2011, the number was 3.7, and in 2012 it was 4,856. In the 2013 election, the percentage of Livonia residents who voted for President Barack Obama was 52%. The percentage of residents who did not vote for Obama in the presidential election was 53%. In the 2012 election, there were 3,816 votes for Obama. The number of Livonian residents who had voted for Obama was 2,838.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan = 25.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 36. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Livonia = 3.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 95,535 individuals with a median age of 43.8 age the population dropped by -8.80% in Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,676.43 residents per square mile of area (1,033.38/km²). There are average 2.59 people per household in the 34,705 households with an average household income of $66,960 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.00% of the available work force and has dropped -8.05% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 16.90%. The number of physicians in Livonia per 100,000 population = 173.5.


The annual rainfall in Livonia = 31.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 29.6 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 112. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 180. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 49, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan which are owned by the occupant = 86.21%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 44 years with median home cost = $114,340 and home appreciation of -13.29%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $15.50 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,719 per student. There are 21.1 students for each teacher in the school, 541 students for each Librarian and 536 students for each Counselor. 7.33% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.86% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.97% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Livonia's population in Wayne County, Michigan of 1,460 residents in 1900 has increased 65,43-fold to 95,535 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.44% female residents and 48.56% male residents live in Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan.

    As of 2020 in Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan are married and the remaining 38.03% are single population.

  • 25 minutes is the average time that residents in Livonia require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    90.99% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 5.64% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.35% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.18% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan, 86.21% are owner-occupied homes, another 11.13% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.66% are vacant.

  • The 36.26% of the population in Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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