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Hernando

Hernando, Mississippi

  •   State: 
    Mississippi
      County: 
    DeSoto County
      City: 
    Hernando
      County FIPS: 
    28033
      Coordinates: 
    34°49′51″N 89°59′37″W
      Area total: 
    25.39 sq mi (65.76 km²)
      Area land: 
    25.30 sq mi (65.53 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.09 sq mi (0.23 km²)
      Elevation: 
    381 ft (116 m)
      Established: 
    1839
  •   Latitude: 
    34,8187
      Longitude: 
    -89,9934
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Memphis, TN-MS-AR
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    38632
      GMAP: 

    Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi, United States

  •   Population: 
    17,138
      Population density: 
    677.36 residents per square mile of area (261.54/km²)
      Household income: 
    $56,523
      Households: 
    3,875
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.90%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.00%

Hernando is a city in, and the county seat of, DeSoto County, which is on the northwestern border of Mississippi, United States. The population was 14,090 at the 2010 census, up from 6,812 in 2000. Hernando was first called Jefferson by its new European American settlers. It was renamed as H Fernando in 1832, after the Spanish explorer Hernandi de Soto. During the Great Migration of the first half of the 20th century, many blues musicians migrated north, taking their music to Chicago and helping create the culture of that city. U.S. Route 51 and the I-55 freeway traverse the city from north to south. The county courthouse is located within Hernande's historic downtown square. It is located at the intersection of Commerce Street and present-day U.S. 51. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.8 square miles (66.9 km²), of which 25.7 square miles [66.6 km²) is land, and 0.1 square miles, or 0.39%, is water. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters, with a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, and 8.7% from 25 to 44.

History

Chickasaw people had long inhabited this area. French and French Canadians had a wide trading network with various American Indian tribes. Most of the tribe were moved to west of the Mississippi River in Indian Territory. Many African Americans had developed a strong musical tradition in the area. During the Great Migration of the 20th century, many of these musicians moved to Chicago, where they created the culture of the city. The city was first called Jefferson by its new European American settlers. It was renamed Hernando in 1832, after the first European to explore the Mississippi. It is now known as the city of the same name after the Spanish explorer Hernan de Soto, who first visited the area in 1799. The town is now part of the state of Mississippi. The Mississippi River runs through the center of the town, which was once known as Jefferson, Missouri. It has a population of about 100,000 people and is located in the heart of the Great Lakes region of the U.S. and the mid-Mississippi River valley. The area was once called the Illinois Country, after its French colonial settlers. The name was later changed to the City of the Lakes, which is where the city is now located. It also has a French-speaking population, which moved to the north in the 19th century after the French left the area to live in New France. The current city of Chicago is named after the city's French-American residents, who came to the area during the French colonial period.

Geography

Hernando is in the center of DeSoto County, bordered to the north by the city of Southaven. It is 15 miles (24 km) via the same road to the south to Senatobia. According to the United States Census Bureau, Hernando has a total area of 25.8 square miles (66.9 km²) The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. It has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. The city has a population of 2,816. It was the site of the deadliest shooting incident in U.S. history, with more than 1,000 people killed in the line of duty in the early 1990s. The town is located on the Mississippi River, which flows through DeSotia County. The Mississippi River is a tributary of the Cumberland River. It runs through the city, which is located in the eastern part of the state. The river has been the source of much of the flooding in the area in recent years. It also has been a source of controversy in the past, as it has been linked to the flooding of the Little River Gorge in the late 1990s and early 2000s. In the early 1900s, the area was known as the "Little River Valley" because of the small amount of water in the region. The area is now known as "The Little River Valley," and the name is derived from the name of a small river that runs through it.

Demographics

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 17,138 people, 5,770 households, and 4,237 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 76.35% White, 21.48% African American, 0.15% Native American, and 0.66% Asian. The city's population was spread out, with 25.9% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 30.9 percent from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median income for a household in theCity was $43,217, and the median income. for a family was $51,155. About 6.5% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.2% of those under age 18 and 16.3% ofThose age 65 or over. The per capita income for the city is $20,731. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.05. The population density was 603.0 inhabitants per square mile (232.8/km²) The city has a population of 6,812, with 2,720 housing units at an average density of 240.8 per squaremile (93.0/ km²). The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there are 98.8 males.

Education

Hernando is home to 5 public schools and is served by the DeSoto County School District. Hernando has a population of about 2,000 people. The city is located in the central part of the county and is located on the east side of the  DeSoto County line. The town has a total of 5 schools, all of which are public. The school district has an enrollment of about 3,000 students. The district has a combined enrollment of more than 3,500 students. It is the second largest school district in the state of Florida. It also has a high school with a total enrollment of 1,200 students, and a middle school with 1,100. The high school has an average enrollment of just over 1,300 students, making it one of the smallest high schools in the State of De Soto. It has an estimated population of 2,200 people, or 1.5% of the state's population. The highest school enrollment is in the town of Hernanda, which has a student population of 3,200. The lowest school population is the town's elementary school, with a student enrollment of less than 1,000. The county's highest school is the high school, where the average student enrollment is about 1,400. The state has a low school graduation rate of about 1.7%. The state's lowest school enrollment rate is around 1.4%. The school system has more than 2,100 students, or 0.7% of its population.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi = 40.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 73. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 90. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Hernando = 4.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 17,138 individuals with a median age of 34.2 age the population grows by 53.87% in Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 677.36 residents per square mile of area (261.54/km²). There are average 2.6 people per household in the 3,875 households with an average household income of $56,523 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.90% of the available work force and has dropped -5.80% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.50%. The number of physicians in Hernando per 100,000 population = 70.9.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Hernando = 53 inches and the annual snowfall = 3.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 101. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 215. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 31.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 30, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi which are owned by the occupant = 68.18%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 10 years with median home cost = $123,450 and home appreciation of -2.24%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.24 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $3,364 per student. There are 19.7 students for each teacher in the school, 473 students for each Librarian and 490 students for each Counselor. 5.12% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.98% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 7.50% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Hernando's population in DeSoto County, Mississippi of 1,338 residents in 1900 has increased 12,81-fold to 17,138 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.09% female residents and 49.91% male residents live in Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi.

    As of 2020 in Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi are married and the remaining 38.40% are single population.

  • 26.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Hernando require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    79.88% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 14.30% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.14% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.37% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi, 68.18% are owner-occupied homes, another 21.68% are rented apartments, and the remaining 10.14% are vacant.

  • The 56.93% of the population in Hernando, DeSoto County, Mississippi who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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