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Olive Branch

Olive Branch, Mississippi

  •   State: 
    DeSoto County
    Olive Branch
      County all: 
    DeSoto | Marshall
      County FIPS: 
    28033 | 28093
    34°57′37″N 89°50′30″W
      Area total: 
    56.05 sq mi (145.17 km²)
      Area land: 
    55.84 sq mi (144.62 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.21 sq mi (0.56 km²)
    387 ft (118 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Memphis, TN-MS-AR
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    711.18 residents per square mile of area (274.59/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Olive Branch is a city in DeSoto County, Mississippi, United States. As of the 2020 census, the population is 39,711. Olive Branch was the fastest growing city in the United States, with a growth rate of 838%. It attributes most of its growth and development to the exodus of large numbers of families from central Memphis. It is part of the Memphis Metropolitan Statistical Area, a region that consists of three counties in southwest Tennessee, five counties in northwest Mississippi, and two counties in eastern Arkansas. With a runway length of 6,000 feet (1,800 m), it is currently one of Mississippi's five most active airports for landings and takeoffs. The city is located at the junction of U.S. Route 78, and State Highways 302 (known locally as Goodman Road) and 305 (Germantown Road/Cockrum Street). It is 22 miles (35 km) northwest to the center of Memphis. The northern border of Olive Branch's city limits is the Mississippi state line, and the western border is the Tennessee/Tennessee state line. It has a total area of 36.9 square miles (0.6 km²), of which 36.7 square miles is land and 0.5 km², or 0.2 square miles, is water. The name Olive Branch is derived from the biblical story of a dove bringing a branch to Noah. The town was officially designated a village on March 6, 1888. It was incorporated as a town on May 1, 1874.


Olive Branch is the primary city name, but also Mineral Wells are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Olive Branch, Mississippi. Olive Branch was incorporated as a town on May 1, 1874. At the first census conducted after incorporation in 1880, the population was 73. In 1971, a site located a few miles from downtown Olive Branch was chosen as the home of Holiday Inn University and Conference Center. This was followed by the opening of Olive Branch Airport in January 1973. With a runway length of 6,000 feet (1,800 m), it is currently one of Mississippi's five most active airports for landings and takeoffs. In 1996, a land annexation to the west doubled the city's total land area. By 2000, the town's population had risen to 21,054, a 490 percent increase over the 1990 figure. The first cotton gin opened in Olive Branch in 1910. T.H. Norvell's cheese plant (at the side of present-day BancorpSouth) opened in 1929. A public sewer system was built, and local streets were paved c.1940. In the 1960s, by 1970 the population had more than doubled to 1,513. U.S. Highway 78 was built through olive Branch in 1974. Such developments and infrastructure improvements brought an influx of jobs, industries, and people to DeSoto County and Olive Branch. The 1990s were a period of explosive growth in the city; 3,567 people lived in olive Branch at the 1990 census. In 2000, Olive Branch had a population of 21,54, with a growth rate of 490 percent.

Geography and climate

Olive Branch is located in northeastern DeSoto County, at the junction of U.S. Route 78, and State Highways 302 (known locally as Goodman Road) and 305 (Germantown Road/Cockrum Street). Via US 78 it is 22 miles (35 km) northwest to the center of Memphis. The city's northern border is the Mississippi/Tennessee state line. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Olive Branch has a total area of 36.9 square miles (95.6 km²) The city of Southaven, Mississippi, borders Olive Branch on the west, and unincorporated areas border the city to the east and south. The Memphis city limits touch the western portion of Olive branches northern border, and the city is located on the Tennessee/Mississippi state line on the east. It has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification "Cfa") with an average monthly temperature of °C (°F) of 0.5°F (°C) Olive Branch is the only city in the state of Tennessee to have a population of more than 1,000 people. It is located at the intersection of US 78, US 302, and US 305. The nearest airport is Memphis International Airport, which is located about 20 miles (32 km) to the west. The closest airport is Knoxville, Tennessee, which has an average population of 1,200 (1,200).


As of the 2020 U.S. Census, there were 39,711 people, 13,252 households, and 9,645 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 70.2% White, 23.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.6% Asian, and Hispanic or Latino people were 4.2%. The median income for a household in the City was $68,287, and the medianincome for a family was $75,107. The city's population was 33,484 as of the census of 2010. The median age of the City's population in 2010 was 34.7 years. The average household income in theCity was $69,827. The City's median age was 34 years old as of 2010 census. It is the most populous city in the state, with a population of 33,483. It has the highest percentage of African Americans in the United States and the lowest percentage of Hispanics in the country. It also has the fewest residents of any city in New York state, at 1.7% of the total population. In 2010, the city had the highest rate of homeownership in the nation, at 64%. The city has the lowest rate of unemployment, at 2.7%. It has one of the highest rates of home ownership, at 8.4%. It is also the most densely populated city, with 1.4% of its residents living in homes that are less than 1,000 years old.


Memphis lost its only permanent indoor ice rink with the closure of the troubled Mall of Memphis in 2003. A new rink opened in Olive Branch in August 2011. Many locally owned, small businesses have been operating in the area for several decades. Several regional businesses, such as Bancorpsouth and Holiday Inn, are also located in the region. The town has a population of about 3,000. The area is located near the Tennessee-Mississippi border. It is located on the Tennessee Turnpike, which runs through the town of Olive Branch. The city's population is about 2,000 people. It has a GDP of about $1.2 billion. The population is approximately 3,200 people, or 10% of the Memphis metropolitan area. The local economy is based on agriculture, manufacturing, and services such as banking and publishing. The economy is also based on tourism, which is one of the city's main sources of revenue. The community has a high percentage of African-American residents and a low percentage of white residents. The unemployment rate is about 3%. The city has a low unemployment rate of about 1.8%. The town's population has a median household income of $2.1 million, or 7.7% of its population. The average household income is about $50,000, or 6.5% of GDP. The number of jobs in the town is about 1,500, or 4.3% of total employment. The school district has more than 1,000 students, or 1,200.


Olive Branch is served by the DeSoto County School District.Private schools include: Northpoint Christian School, Cross Creek Christian Academy, and Park Academy School. The town has a population of about 1,000 people, most of whom live in or near the town's central business district, which is located in the town of Olive Branch. The community has a history of being heavily involved in the local community's politics, particularly the politics of the late 19th and early 20th century. It is also home to the Olive Branch High School, which was founded in 1903. The school's mascot is the "Horseman" and the school colors are red and white. It also has a baseball team, the "Boys and Girls Auxiliary", which has been in existence since the early 1900s. It has a football team, which has won two state championships and one state championship. The football team is nicknamed "The Cowboys" for their success in the late 1800s and early 1930s. The baseball team also won a state championship in the 1950s and 1960s. In the 1980s, the town was the site of the first African-American high school in the state of Texas, which opened its doors in 1961. It was also the first high school to open a football stadium, the Olive Branch High School. It had a high school football team in the 1960s and 1970s, which won three state championships. The current high school team is the DeSoto Boys and Girls Athletics Team.


Olive Branch is served by Olive Branch Airport. The closest airport with commercial air service is Memphis International Airport, which is about 30 minutes by car from Olive Branch. Mississippi Highway 302 (MS-302/Goodman Road), and Mississippi Highway 305 (Cockrum Road, Germantown Road) are the main thoroughfares in the Olive Branch area. A railroad line to Birmingham from Memphis runs through Olive Branch and is used by BNSF. The town is located on Mississippi Highway 78, which turns into Lamar Avenue after crossing the border in Memphis. It is located in the Mississippi River valley, which runs through the center of the town. It has a population of about 2,000 people, according to the 2010 census. The city's population was 2,100 in the 2010 Census, down from 3,000 in the 2000 Census and 4,200 in the 1990 Census. The area's population is about 1,800 people, up from 1,700 in the 1970s. The population is expected to rise to 2,500 by the end of the year, up to 3,500 in the 2030s. It will be at least 4,000 by the 2050s, up from 3,200 in the 1990s, according to the 2006 census. It was the site of the first recorded African-American settlement in the state. The community has a history of being heavily affected by the Spanish-American War, which ended in the early 1900s, and by the Civil War.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi = 40.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 73. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 89. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Olive Branch = 4.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 39,711 individuals with a median age of 32.8 age the population grows by 54.07% in Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 711.18 residents per square mile of area (274.59/km²). There are average 2.75 people per household in the 11,804 households with an average household income of $69,398 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.90% of the available work force and has dropped -5.80% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.50%. The number of physicians in Olive Branch per 100,000 population = 70.9.


The annual rainfall in Olive Branch = 55 inches and the annual snowfall = 3.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 90. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 217. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 31.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 29, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi which are owned by the occupant = 79.05%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 10 years with median home cost = $157,510 and home appreciation of -5.89%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.24 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $3,364 per student. There are 19.7 students for each teacher in the school, 473 students for each Librarian and 490 students for each Counselor. 6.82% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 15.13% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.79% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Olive Branch's population in DeSoto County, Mississippi of 2,525 residents in 1900 has increased 15,73-fold to 39,711 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.87% female residents and 49.13% male residents live in Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi.

    As of 2020 in Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi are married and the remaining 31.05% are single population.

  • 25.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Olive Branch require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    88.48% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 8.16% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.16% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.75% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi, 79.05% are owner-occupied homes, another 15.24% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.71% are vacant.

  • The 56.93% of the population in Olive Branch, DeSoto County, Mississippi who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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