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Egg Harbor Township

Township of Egg Harbor

  •   State: 
    New Jersey
      County: 
    Atlantic County
      City: 
    Egg Harbor Township
      County FIPS: 
    34001
      Coordinates: 
    39°22′42″N 74°35′59″W
      Area total: 
    75.47 sq mi (195.48 km²)
      Area land: 
    67.05 sq mi (173.65 km²)
      Area water: 
    8.43 sq mi (21.82 km²)
      Elevation: 
    43 ft (13 m)
      Established: 
    1693; Incorporated February 21, 1798
  •   Latitude: 
    39,3927
      Longitude: 
    -74,6004
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    08234
    08405
      GMAP: 

    Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey, United States

  •   Population: 
    2,195
      Population density: 
    713.6 residents per square mile of area (275.5/km²)
      Household income: 
    $66,826
      Households: 
    15,065
      Unemployment rate: 
    11.50%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    8.97%

Egg Harbor Township was first mentioned as part of Gloucester County in records dating back to March 20, 1693. The township's western boundary was established on May 13, 1761, with the area called Great Egg-Harbour Township. The first residents of Egg Harbor Township were the Lenni Lenape Native Americans, who would spend their summers on the elevated land around the cedar swamp that is now Bargaintown Lake. Egg Harbor is one of the five municipalities in New Jersey that have authorized dispensaries to sell medical cannabis. The U.S. Census Bureau in the 2020 census reported the population as 47,842, an increase of 4,519 over the 43,323 counted in the previous decade in the 2010 census. In 1837, Atlantic County was set apart from Gloucester. County and the Townships were Egg Harbor, Galloway, Hamilton and Weymouth. In 1890, Egg Harbor became part of Pinelands, a phenomenon that is largely a phenomenon since the boroughitis phenomenon in the South Jersey area has been around since the 1800s. In 2010, the township had a total area of 75.47 miles (195.48 km²), including 67.2 square miles (173.2 km²) of land and 843 square miles of water (11.16%). Portions of the township are not contiguous to the main body of the municipality, having been separated from the mainland by the Pineland National Reserve. In the 1990s, a portion of South Jersey was separated from Egg Harbor.

History

Egg Harbor Township is the primary city name, but also Egg Harbor Twp, Egg Hbr Twp are acceptable city names or spellings, Bargaintown, Mckee City, Steelmanville on the other hand no longer accepted or obsolete and are no longer used as a designation. The official name is Township of Egg Harbor. The first residents of what would become Egg Harbor Township were the Lenni Lenape Native Americans, who would spend their summers on the elevated land around the cedar swamp that is now Bargaintown Lake. In 1837, Atlantic County was set apart from Gloucester County and the Townships were Egg Harbor, Galloway, Hamilton and Weymouth. Ten municipalities have separated from the original Egg Harbor township, including Atlantic City (1854), Absecon (1872), South Atlantic City, Somers Point (1886), Pleasantville (1888), Linwood (1889), Longport (1898), Brigantine (1903) and Northfield (1905). Egg Harbor was once part of Gloucester county, West Jersey. It is now part of Atlantic County, New Jersey. The town is located on the Delaware River, along the Burlington County line to the sea and back up the Great Egg Harbor River to the Delaware river. It has a population of about 2,000 people, making it one of the largest towns in the state. It was once the largest town in New Jersey, with an area of about 3,000 square miles (7,500 square kilometers) The town's name comes from the Lenape tribe, who used to live in the area and made wampum from shellfish and bird's eggs. The area is now the site of the Egg Harbor Marina, which is a popular tourist attraction. The township is now home to the New Jersey Museum of Art and Science.

Geography

Egg Harbor Township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve. The township is not contiguous to the main body of the municipality, having been separated from the mainland portion of the township as municipalities were formed. It borders the municipalities of Absecon, Atlantic City, Corbin City, Estell Manor, Galloway Township, Hamilton Township, Linwood, Longport, Margate City, Northfield, Pleasantville, Somers Point, Ventnor City and Weymouth Township in Atlantic County; and Ocean City and Upper Township in Cape May County. There are three wildlife management areas (WMAs) in Egg Harbor Township, two of them in the eastern discontinuous segment of the Township. Malibu Beach WMA is located on marshlands between the Great Egg Harbor Bay and Broad Thorofare, covering 95.7 acres (38.7 ha) It serves as the habitat for several birds, including migratory species in the spring and fall. Pork Island WMA covers 867.2 acres (350.9 ha) of land on four marshy islands between NJ 152 and Margate Blvd, and between Abse Con Island and the mainland. It is inaccessible by car. In the southern part of Egg Harbor. Township are scattered plots of wetland near the Great. Egg Harbor River that consist of about 1,039 acres (420 ha) or 5.9% of the Lester MacNamara WMA, previously known as Tuckoe WMA. Established in 1933, the WMA spreads across four municipalities in Atlantic and Cape May counties.

Demographics

The 2010 U.S. census counted 43,323 people, 15,250 households, and 11,316 families in the township. The racial makeup of the township was 69.78% (30,230) White, 9.58% (4,152) Black or African American, 0.38% (163) Native American, 11.76% (5,096) Asian, 5.20% (2,253) from other races, and 3.28% (1,421) from two or more races. The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $69,754. Males had a median income of $52,615 (+/ $3,434) versus $42,227 (-/ $2,127) for females. About 4.0% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 4.8%. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age was 39.2 years. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 92.1 males. The per capita income for the Township was $29,114 (+ / $1,241) The median income for a household was $60,032, and the median for a family was $30,643. The township has a population density of 650.5 per square mile (251.2/km²).

Economy

Egg Harbor Township (along with Hamilton and Galloway Townships) were designated as Regional Growth Areas by the New Jersey Pinelands Commission. In exchange for the development in Egg Harbor Township, no trees are demolished for housing and other buildings in the Pine Barrens. The "Regional Growth Area" designation was, and remains, tantamount to a state mandate to construct +/ 30,000 additional housing units in egg Harbor Township. PulteGroup will build 60 units of each type per year until the project is complete, offering single family homes in the mid $300,000's and the adult homes for $250,000. The Planning Board has requested that paperwork presented to the homeowners at purchase will "fully disclose" to prospective purchasers that there exists a nearby airport. The disclosure will inform prospective buyers that, from time to time, the ACMUA Facility is odoriferous and that a training/shooting range is part of the military/industrial portion of the Airport. The development will be in the proximity of the approach and takeoff patterns for both incoming and outgoing aircraft, the Atlantic County Municipal Utility Authority (ACMUA), where all local municipalities bring their trash and recycle. The developer will also contribute $350,000 toward the construction of a new Farmington Fire Station with the landowners, Schoffer Enterprises, donating the land. The developers will pay over $800,000 to the Egg Harbor township recreation fund because the club houses and paths do not satisfy the township's recreation requirements for a development of this size.

Government

The Township of Egg Harbor is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government. The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office. Atlantic County is governed by a directly elected county executive and a nine-member Board of County Commissioners, responsible for legislation. As of 2022, Atlantic County's Executive is Republican Dennis Levinson, whose term of office ends December 31, 2023. Egg Harbor Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District and is part of New York's 2nd state legislative district. For the 117th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township) New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2027) and Bob Menendez (Harrison, term end 2025) As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 24.9976 voters in Atlantic County, including 78.0% of those ages 18 and over. In the 2012 presidential election, Barack Obama received 9.54% of the vote here (vs. 9.854 here) among the county's registered voters. Among the township's 2010 Census population, 57.5% (vs 58.6% in the county) were registered as Democrats, 6,22% of which were Republicans and 12,10848 (10848) were Unaffiliated. The township's 2011 Census population was 57.929 (4% vs. 30.976).

Surrounding communities

Note: This includes the adjacent municipalities that are in the "West Atlantic City and Anchorage Poynte" sections. This is a list of communities in Atlantic City, New Jersey. It also includes the surrounding communities of Anchorage and West Atlantic City.

Education

The Egg Harbor Township Schools serve public school students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 201819 school year, the district, comprised of seven schools, had an enrollment of 7,432 students and 604.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a studentteacher ratio of 12.3:1. The Islamic Academy of South Jersey (Arabic:) is an Islamic elementary day school located in Egg Harbor township. Township students are also eligible to attend the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in the Mays Landing section of Hamilton Township or the Charter-Tech High School for the Performing Arts in Somers Point.As of 2020 Bishop McHugh Regional School in Dennis Township in Cape May County takes students from egg Harbor Township. The school is under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Camden and is located in the town of Dennis. The township is home to the Egg Harbor High School, a public high school with 2,357 students in grade 912. The town is also home to a number of private schools, including Egg Harbor Preparatory School, Egg Harbor Prep School, and Egg Harbor Christian School, which is a private school with 1,110 students in grades 7-12. It is the only school in the township to be part of the New Jersey Catholic School System, which was founded in 1876. The Township is home of the Egg Harbour High School. The high school is located at the former site of the former Egg Harbor Elementary School.

Transportation

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 297.22 miles (478.33 km) of roadways, of which 206.73 miles (332.70 km) were maintained by the municipality. The Atlantic City Expressway runs through eastwest for 5.3 miles (8.5 km) connecting Pleasantville in the east to Hamilton Township in the west. NJ Transit provides bus service between Egg Harbor Township and Atlantic City on routes 502 (from Atlantic Cape Community College), 507 (from Ocean City), 508 (from Hamilton Mall) and 509 (from Ocean City). A majority of the Atlantic City Airport is located in the northern area of the township. US Route 40/322 run concurrent with each other while going from east to west. US route 9 also runs through, although very briefly concurrent with the Garden State Parkway as it crosses over the Great Egg Harbor. The New Jersey Department of Transportation runs 14.93 miles (24.03 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority and South Jersey Transportation Authority. The township is home to Atlantic City International Airport, which was built in the 1960s. The airport is located on the former site of the Egg Harbor Shipyard, which is now part of the Port of Atlantic City. It is the largest airport in the United States, with a runway that can hold up to 20,000 people. It also has a heliport that can accommodate up to 2,000 passengers a day. It was the first U.S. airport to be built outside of New York City, and the first to be fully equipped with runways.

Points of interest

The Atlantic County Bikeway stretches for 7.5 miles (12.1 km) from the Shore Mall to the Atlantic County Institute of Technology in Hamilton Township. Storybook Land is a park for children on a site covering 20 acres (8.1 ha) that was opened in 1955, featuring storybook characters such as Mother Goose and the Three Little Pigs.Jersey Shore Children's Museum provided an environment for children to stimulate creativity, imagination, and learning through interactive play. The museum closed at the end of 2017 in the wake of declining contributions. The Shore Mall is a shopping mall that opened in 2010. It is located on the Jersey Shore and is open to the public on weekdays from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., and on the weekends from 9am to 5pm. The mall is on the Shore and Shore Road, which was built in the 1960s. It has a shopping center, a children's museum, a library, and a play area for children. It was opened by the state of New Jersey in the 1950s and is located in the heart of Jersey Shore, on the shores of the New Jersey Turnpike. It opened to the world in the 1970s and has been open to visitors ever since. It covers 20 acres, or 8.1 hectares, and has a playground for children of all ages and skill levels. It also has a library for adults and adults with reading comprehension and vocabulary, as well as a museum for children with a variety of skills.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey = 44.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 13. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Egg Harbor Township = 4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 2,195 individuals with a median age of 37.6 age the population grows by 33.28% in Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 713.6 residents per square mile of area (275.5/km²). There are average 2.71 people per household in the 15,065 households with an average household income of $66,826 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 11.50% of the available work force and has dropped -2.85% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 22.80%. The number of physicians in Egg Harbor Township per 100,000 population = 218.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Egg Harbor Township = 40.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 17.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 112. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 205. 85 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 22.6 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey which are owned by the occupant = 79.49%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 22 years with median home cost = $223,050 and home appreciation of -15.31%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $23.44 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $8,488 per student. There are 12.4 students for each teacher in the school, 830 students for each Librarian and 584 students for each Counselor. 6.20% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 13.64% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.63% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Egg Harbor Township's population in Atlantic County, New Jersey of 163,752 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,01-fold to 2,195 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.08% female residents and 48.92% male residents live in Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey.

    As of 2020 in Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey are married and the remaining 39.56% are single population.

  • 25.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Egg Harbor Township require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.02% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.94% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.27% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.35% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey, 79.49% are owner-occupied homes, another 12.55% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.96% are vacant.

  • The 38.66% of the population in Egg Harbor Township, Atlantic County, New Jersey who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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