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City of Toledo

  •   State: 
    Lucas County
      County FIPS: 
    41°39′56″N 83°34′31″W
      Area total: 
    83.83 sq mi
      Area land: 
    80.49 sq mi (208.46 km²)
      Area water: 
    3.34 sq mi (8.66 km²)
    614 ft (187 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Toledo, OH
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    3,365.36 residents per square mile of area (1,299.38/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Toledo (t-LEE-doh) is a city in and the county seat of Lucas County, Ohio, United States. The city was founded in 1833 on the west bank of the Maumee River, and originally incorporated as part of Monroe County, Michigan Territory. It was refounded in 1837, after the conclusion of the Toledo War, when it was incorporated in Ohio. Toledo is the fourth-most populous city in the state of Ohio, after Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati, and according to the 2020 census, the 79th-largest city in U.S. It also serves as a major trade center for the Midwest; its port is the fifth-busiest in the Great Lakes and 54th-biggest in the U. States. In the Treaty of Detroit (1807), the above four tribes ceded a large land area to the United States of what became southeastern Michigan and northwestern Ohio. The Odawa moved from Manitoulin Island and the Bruce Peninsula at the invitation of the French, who established a trading post at Fort Detroit, about 60 miles to the north. The Wyandot occupied central Ohio, and the Shawnee and Lenape occupied the southern areas. No official reports support the 19th-century tradition of its earlier history there. In 1824, the Ohio state legislature authorized the construction of the Miami and Erie Canal. The canal's purpose was to connect the city of Cincinnati to the water of Lake Erie for transportation to eastern markets.


Toledo is the primary city name, but also Northwood, Oregon are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Toledo. Toledo was part of a larger area controlled by the historic tribes of the Wyandot and the people of the Council of Three Fires (Ojibwe, Potawatomi, and Odawa) The French established trading posts in the area by 1680 to take advantage of the lucrative fur trade. In the Treaty of Detroit (1807), the above four tribes ceded a large land area to the United States of southeastern Michigan and northwestern Ohio. Resettlement began around 1818 after a Cincinnati syndicate purchased a 974-acre (3.9 km²) tract at the mouth of Swan Creek and named it Port Lawrence. In 1833, the towns of Port Lawrence and Vistula merged in 1833 to better compete against the upriver towns of Waterville and Maumee. The inhabitants of this joined settlement chose the name Toledo:  "but the reason for this choice is buried in a welter of legends. One recounts that Washington Irving, who was traveling in Spain at the time, suggested the name to his brother, a local resident. Others award the honor to Two Stickney, son of the major who quaintly numbered his sons and named his daughters after States. The most popular version attributes Toledo's name to Will J. Daniels, a merchant, who reportedly suggested Toledo because it 'is easy to pronounce, is pleasant to sound, and there is no other city of that name on the American continent' Despite Toledo's efforts, the final terminus of the Miami and Erie Canal was built to the north of Toledo, because it was closer to Lake Erie.


Toledo is located at 41°3956N 83°3431W (41.665682, 83.575337). The city has a total area of 84.12 square miles (217.87 km²) The city straddles the Maumee River at its mouth. It is within 250 miles (400 km) by road from seven metropolitan areas that have a population of more than two million people: Detroit, Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, Pittsburgh, Indianapolis, and Chicago. Toledo sits within the borders of a sandy oak savanna called the Oak Openings Region. The city is located north of what had been the Great Black Swamp, giving rise to another nickname, Frog Town. The spring months tend to be the wettest time of year, although precipitation is common year-round. About 37 inches (94 cm) of snow falls per year, much less than the Snow Belt cities, because of the prevailing wind direction. Temperature extremes have ranged from 20 °F (29 °C) on January 21, 1984, to 105 °C on July 14, 1936. July is the sunniest month overall, with July averaging 75.4°F (24.1°C) or more seen on 18.8 days. January and February usually clear up after the lake freezes, with a January mean temperature of 27.5 °C (2.5°C), and lows at or below 0 °F on 5.6 nights.


The Old West End is a historic neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio. The area is part of the Toledo Metropolitan Area, which includes four Ohio counties and one Michigan county. Some of the area's suburbs include Bowling Green, Holland, Lake Township, Maumee, Monclova Township, Northwood, Oregon, Ottawa Hills, Perrysburg, Rossford, Springfield Township, Sylvania, Walbridge, Whitehouse, and Washington Township. The city is just above the state line in Monroe County, Michigan, which is home to the town of Bedford. The town is one of the oldest in the state, dating back to the 18th century. It is located on the banks of the Ohio River, which runs through the center of the city. It was once known as the "Toledo River Valley" because of the river, which ran through the middle of the town. The river was once a source of water for the city, but has now been converted into a reservoir. The community is also known as "The West End" for its Victorian-style architecture, which dates back to at least the early 1900s. The West End neighborhood is a mix of Victorian, Arts & Crafts, and Art Moderne styles. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since the 1930s, when it was first built. The neighborhood is also home to a number of historic homes, many of which were built in the late 1800s and 1930s. It also has a large number of public parks, including a park that was named after the town's founder.


As of the 2010 census, the city proper had a population of 287,128. It is the principal city in the Toledo-Fremont Combined Statistical Area. The city is the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the state of Ohio, behind Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati, Dayton, and Akron. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated Toledo's population as 297,806 in 2006 and 295,029 in 2007. In response to an appeal by the City of Toledo, the Census Bureau's July 2007 estimate was revised to 316,851. The 2010 census figures released in March 2011 showed the population as of April 1, 2010, at 287,208, indicating a 25% loss of population since its zenith in 1970. The median household income (in 2021 dollars) in Toledo was $41,671, with the per capita income in the past 12 months coming to $23,795. 24.5% of the population was living in poverty, compared to the National average at this time of 11.6% in 2010. For education, 87.1% of people 25 years or older were a high school graduate or higher, with 19.8% of this demographic having a Bachelors Degree or higher. People who identified as White, not Hispanic or Latino, made up 57.3% of. the population, down from 61.4% in. 2010. The racial makeup of the city was 64.8%. White, 27.2% African American, 0.4%. Native American, 1.1%. Asian, 2.6%. The majority are Mexican American at 5.1%, and 6.7%.


Toledo is known as the Glass City because of its long history of glass manufacturing. The metro area contains four Fortune 500 companies: Dana Holding Corporation, Owens Corning, The Andersons, and Owens Illinois. The University of Toledo is influential in the city, contributing to the prominence of healthcare as the city's biggest employer. The city saw growth in "green jobs" related to solar energy in the 2000s. In May 2019 Balance Farms began operation of an 8,168 square foot indoor aquaponics farm in downtown Toledo. In 2001, a taxpayer lawsuit was filed against Toledo that challenged the constitutionality of that action. In 2006, the city won the case by a unanimous ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court in DaimlerChrysler Corp. v. Cuno.

Arts and culture

Toledo has a rich history of music, dating back to their early to mid-20th century glory days as a jazz haven. The Kenny Rogers 1977 hit song "Lucille" was written by Hal Bynum and inspired by his trip to Toledo in 1975. Toledo was the first city in Ohio to adopt a One Percent for Art program and, as such, boasts many examples of public, outdoor art. The popular phrase "Holy Toledo," is thought to originally be a reference to the city's array of grand church designs from Gothic, Renaissance and Spanish Mission. Yes is mentioned in the song "Our Song" by Yes from their 1983 album 90125. The season 1 episode of the Warner Bros television series Supernatural titled "Bloody Mary" was set in Toledo. American Idol runner-up Crystal Bowersox, The Rance Allen Group, Lyfe Jennings and Weezer bassist Scott Shriner are Toledo-born musicians. The city is the setting for the 2010 television comedy Melissa & Joey, with the first-named character being a city councilwoman. John Denver recorded "Saturday Night In Toledo, Ohio," composed by Randy Sparks. He wrote it in 1967 after arriving in Toledo with his group and finding no nightlife at 10 p.m. After Denver performed the song on The Tonight Show, Toledo residents objected. In response, the City Fathers recorded a song entitled "We're Strong For Toledo". Ultimately the controversy was such that John Denver cancelled a concert in Toledo shortly thereafter.


The Toledo Mud Hens are one of Minor League Baseball's oldest teams, having first played in 1896. The Toledo Walleye are an ECHL hockey team that began play at the Huntington Center in 2009. The Glass City Rollers are a full member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association. Toledo could be proudly called a "Wrestling Capital of the World," as the city hosted the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles (FILA) Congress in 1966, two editions of World Championships (both freestyle and Greco-Roman), seventeen editions of Freestyle Wrestling World Cup, and numerous high-profile international duals were held at the Toledo Field House and Centennial Hall. Inverness Club hosted the LPGA Drive-On Championship, and in 2021, it hosted the Solheim Cup. The U.S. Senior Open took place in 2003 and 2011 at Highland Meadows Golf Club in the nearby suburb of Sylvania. The city has a rich history of pro hockey, which includes 11 championships between four teams in the International Hockey League and E CHL. The club is committed to its vision to place the best product on the pitch, develop players that are committed to upholding the traditions of the game, inspire young athletes for the future, and provide a model business that positively impacts the community. The team plays out of the United Soccer League (USL) League Two. It is known for hosting six major USGA events, most recently the 1993 PGA Championship.

Parks and recreation

The Toledo Zoo was the first zoo to feature a hippoquarium-style exhibit. The National Museum of the Great Lakes is located in the Marina District, downstream from downtown Toledo. The R. A. Stranahan Arboretum is a 47-acre (190,000 m2) arboretums maintained by the University of Toledo. Toledo Lucas County Public Library was 4-star rated for 2009 by the Library Journal, and it is sixth among the biggest-spending libraries in the United States. The Toledo Metroparks system includes over 12,000 acres (49 km²) of land, and features the University/Parks Bicycle Trail and the Toledo Botanical Garden. The first building to be completely covered in glass was constructed in Toledo on January 15, 1936, the first building for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company. The Hollywood Casino Toledo opened on May 29, 2012, and is located on the banks of the Maumee River in the city's Marina District. It is one of the largest casinos in the U.S., with more than 1.5 million visitors a year. The city is home to the Ohio State University, which was founded in 1883. It has a campus of more than 2,000 miles (3,500 km) of trails and trails. It also has a university campus of over 1,500 miles (1,600 km) long. The University of Ohio has a college of art and science, and a museum of science, technology, and engineering.


Toledo is home to several higher education institutions. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Toledo operates primary and secondary schools in 19 counties in Northwest Ohio, including Lucas County and the Toledo area. Notable private high schools in Toledo include: Maumee Valley Country Day School, Central Catholic High School, and St. Francis de Sales High School. Toledo Preparatory and Fitness Academy is a top-ranked private high school in the state. The University of Toledo is located in Toledo and has several other campuses in the city and surrounding areas. The Washington Local School District in northern Toledo also operates public schools within much of the city limits, along with several public charter schools including Imagine Schools and Leona Group Schools. The city is also home to the Toledo Academy of Beauty and the Tiffin University College of Medicine and Life Sciences, as well as several other colleges and universities. The City of Toledo also has a number of community colleges, including Owens Community College and Davis College, which are located in the northern part of Toledo. The Toledo area also has several private and parochial primary andsecondary schools, including St. Ursula Academy and the St. John's Jesuit High School and Academy, which is in the Ottawa Hills area of Ohio. The town has a large number of churches, including several that are affiliated with the Knights of Columbus and the National Shrine of the Holy Cross, which was founded in 17th century Toledo. It is also the home of the Toledo Lions Club, which dates back to the 18th century and is still active today.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio = 26.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 40. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Toledo = 3.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 270,871 individuals with a median age of 35.2 age the population dropped by -7.14% in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 3,365.36 residents per square mile of area (1,299.38/km²). There are average 2.32 people per household in the 121,824 households with an average household income of $37,700 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 12.40% of the available work force and has dropped -6.87% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 13.86%. The number of physicians in Toledo per 100,000 population = 289.5.


The annual rainfall in Toledo = 32.5 inches and the annual snowfall = 37.5 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 133. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 180. 84 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 16.1 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio which are owned by the occupant = 53.01%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 54 years with median home cost = $60,390 and home appreciation of -9.14%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $14.26 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $6,935 per student. There are 67.3 students for each teacher in the school, 560 students for each Librarian and 447 students for each Counselor. 6.74% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.60% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.56% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Toledo's population in Lucas County, Ohio of 131,822 residents in 1900 has increased 2,05-fold to 270,871 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.60% female residents and 48.40% male residents live in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio.

    As of 2020 in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio are married and the remaining 53.68% are single population.

  • 21.7 minutes is the average time that residents in Toledo require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.07% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 10.50% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 2.42% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.54% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio, 53.01% are owner-occupied homes, another 35.88% are rented apartments, and the remaining 11.10% are vacant.

  • The 46.24% of the population in Toledo, Lucas County, Ohio who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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