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Broken Arrow

Broken Arrow, Oklahoma

  •   State: 
    Wagoner County
    Broken Arrow
      County FIPS: 
    36°2′11″N 95°47′1″W
      Area total: 
    62.46 sq mi
      Area land: 
    62.96 sq mi (163.07 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.58 sq mi (1.51 km²)
    755 ft (230 m)
    1902; Incorporated 1903
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Tulsa, OK
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Broken Arrow, Wagoner County, Oklahoma, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,803.34 residents per square mile of area (696.28/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Broken Arrow is located in the northeastern corner of the state of Oklahoma. The city was named for a Creek community settled by Creek Indians who had been forced to relocate from Alabama to Oklahoma along the Trail of Tears in the 1830s. According to the 2010 census, Broken Arrow has a population of 98,850 residents and is the fourth-largest city in the state. A July 2019 estimate reported that the population of the city is just under 112,000, making it the 280th-largest City in the United States. Broken Arrow is part of the Tulsa Metropolitan Area, which has a total population of 1,023,988 residents. In recent years, city leaders have pushed for more economic development to help keep more citizens of Broken Arrow working, rather than going to town to relax in town rather than relaxing in town. The town's name comes from an old Creek community in Alabama, which was expelled from Alabama by the U.S. government, along the trail of Tears. The community of Elam, located in present-day Broken Arrow near 145th East Avenue and 111th Street, began around 1901. It consisted of a cluster of stores, a cotton gin, and a few homes. A 1907 government census listed Broken Arrow's population at 1,383. The Haskell State School of Agriculture opened in the Broken Arrow, Oklahoma Opera House on November 15, 1909. The school closed in 1917 for lack of funding, and the building was then used as Broken Arrow High School. Only a marker, shown here, remains at 808 East College Street in Broken Arrow.


The city's name comes from an old Creek community in Alabama. Members of that community were expelled from Alabama by the United States government, along the Trail of Tears in the 1830s. The Creek founded a new community in the Indian Territory and named it after their old settlement. The town's Creek name was Rekackv (pronounced thlee-Kawtch-kuh), meaning broken arrow. For the first decades of Broken Arrow's history, the town's economy was based mainly on agriculture. In the 1960s, Broken Arrow began to grow from a small town into a suburban city. The population swelled from a little above 11,000 in 1970 to more than 50,00 in 1990, and then more than 74,000 by the year 2000. The Haskell State School of Agriculture opened in the Broken Arrow, Oklahoma Opera House on November 15, 1909. The school closed in 1917 for lack of funding, and the building was then used as Broken Arrow High School. The building was razed in 1987. Only a marker, shown here, remains at 808 East College Street in Broken Arrow. The front of cornerstone reads, "Haskell State School / Of Agriculture / J. H. Esslinger Supt. / W. A. Etherton Archt. / Bucy & Walker Contr." The side of the cornerstone reads "Laid by the Masonic Fraternity / May 25, A. D. 1910, A L. 5810. / George Huddell G. M. / Erected by The State Board of Agriculture / P. Conners Pres. / B. C. Pittuck Dean.".

Geography and climate

Broken Arrow is located in the northeastern corner of Oklahoma. The city is part of the state's Green Country region known for its green vegetation, hills and lakes. It has the typical eastern and central Oklahoma humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with uncomfortably hot summers and highly variable winters that can range from mild to very cold depending on whether the air mass comes from warmed air over the Rocky Mountains or very cold polar anticyclones from Canada. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.6 square miles (118 km²), of which 45.0 sq mi (117 km²) is land and 0.6sq mi (1.6 km²)" is water. Green Country" is the most topographically diverse portion of Oklahoma with seven of Oklahoma's 11 eco-regions. It is also one of the most densely populated areas in the state, with more people living in the city than any other city in the United States. It also has the most diverse topography of any part of Oklahoma, with seven out of the 11 eco regions being densely populated cities. In the city, the average household income is about $28,000. The average household wealth is around $50,000, and the average income for a family of four is $60,000  (or about $80,000 for a married couple). The city's population is about 2,000 (or 1,800 for a couple).


According to the 2010 census, there were 98,850 people, 36,141 households, and 27,614 families residing in the city. The city's population dispersal was 30.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.3% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median income for a household in theCity was $65,385 and the median income. for a family was $74,355. The per capita income for the city was $29,141. About 7.2% of the population were below the poverty line. Of the city's residents over 25, 30. 3% hold a bachelor's degree or higher. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.11. The population density was 2,200 people per square mile (850/km²). There were 38,013 housing units at an average density of 602.0 per squaremile (232.4/ km²) The racial makeup of the city is 79.3%. The city has a population density of 2.2 million people per sq mile (1.6 million per km²). The city is located in the San Francisco Bay Area and is located near the San Diego-San Diego County line. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates that the city has more than 100,000 residents.

Business and industry

Broken Arrow is home to a wide range of businesses and industries. The city is ranked third in its concentration of manufacturers in the state. A Bass Pro Shops Outdoor World opened in 2005 as the anchor to a development that includes hotels, restaurants, shopping, and eventually offices. A new full-service hospital and medical office building were constructed nearby in 2010 as an anchor to another large commercial development that will include retail space and two hotels. Oklahoma's first Dick's Sporting Goods opened in late 2011. In October 2012 Downtown Broken Arrow's main street corridor was named the Rose District by the city's Chamber of Commerce. Some of the plans include a new 3-story museum to house the historical society and genealogical society, a farmer's market and plaza, a new performing arts center, updates and expansions to area parks, and infrastructure, and incentives to encourage denser infill, redevelopment, and reuse of the area's historic structures. In late 2007 the city created the Broken Arrow Economic Development Corporation to help oversee economic development. In 2008 the city began "Advance Broken Arrow", an economic development campaign aimed at expanding and diversifying the city’s economic base. A number of new commercial developments are being built throughout the city, most notably along Oklahoma State Highway 51, which runs through the city. With currently over 675 employees located there, FlightSafety International (FSI) designs and builds aviation crew training devices called Flight Simulators at its Simulation Systems Division. FSI is the largest private employer in the city and is based in Broken Arrow.


Broken Arrow uses the councilmanager model of municipal government. The city council consists of five members with one member elected from each of the four city wards, and the fifth member as an at-large member. The day-to-day operations of the city are run by the city manager, who reports directly to the city council. Broken Arrow lies within Oklahoma's 1st congressional district, represented by Kevin Hern. In the State Senate, Broken Arrow is in District 25 (Joe Newhouse) and 36 (Bill Brown). In the state House, District 75 (Karen Gaddis), 76 (Ross Ford), 98 (Michael Rogers) covers the city. The mayor and vice-mayor of Broken Arrow are chosen every two years and serve for a two-year term and are eligible to serve for four years. The City Council approves ordinances, resolutions, and contracts, and has the power to appoint a city manager for the city of Broken Arrows. The Mayor and Vice-Mayor of the City of Broken arrow are elected for four-year terms and can serve a maximum of two terms of four years in office. The council manager is the city's chief executive officer and is responsible for day- to-day management of all city operations, including hiring and firing of city employees, as well as budgeting and budgeting for city operations. The president of the Oklahoma City Chamber of Commerce is a member of the Broken Arrow City Council and serves on the City Council for a three-year-term.


Broken Arrow is served by Broken Arrow Public schools, Union Public Schools, Bixby public schools and Coweta public schools. Northeastern State University has an upperclassmen and graduate student population of 3,000. Tulsa Technology Center Broken Arrow Campus has an enrollment of about 3,500 full- and part-time secondary and adult students. Rhema Bible Training Center, established in 1974 by Kenneth E. Hagin, has graduated over 40,000 alumni and has seven ministry concentrations. The city's two libraries, Broken Arrow Library and South Broken Arrow library, are part of the Tulsa City-County Library System. The Coweta School District does not currently have any schools within the city limits. The city of Broken Arrow is home to the Broken Arrow High School, which was founded in 1966. The school is located on 110 acres (45 ha) and has a student enrollment of 2,500. The Broken Arrow Middle School was established in 1966 and has an enrolment of 1,500 students. The high school is based in the city's downtown area and has about 1,000 students. It was founded by Kenneth Hagin in 1974 and is currently led by his son, Kenneth W Hagin. The university's Broken Arrow campus was opened in 2001. It has an enrollments of about 2,000 upperclassman and graduate students and a graduate population of about 5,000 people. It is located in the Tulsa County School District, which is part of Tulsa County.


Major highways in Broken Arrow include State Highway 51 (Broken Arrow Expressway) and the Muskogee Turnpike. Public transportation for Broken Arrow is provided by Tulsa Transit. It has one route that connects the city to Tulsa. Bus services run Monday through Friday. Partial beltway Creek Turnpikes circles around the south of the city and connects the Turner Turnpix to the west terminus of the Will Rogers Turnp Pike. The city is located in the Oklahoma panhandle and has a population of about 3,000. It is located near the Oklahoma-Oklahoma state line and is located on the Oklahoma Panhandle and Oklahoma Mississippi railroads. It also has a small portion of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area, which is located to the east. The Broken Arrow area has a history of violence, particularly against African-Americans. It was the site of the Battle of Broken Arrow, which took place in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The town is also home to the Oklahoma State Museum, which was built in the 1930s and was the first of its kind in the state. The museum is located at the base of the Broken Arrow Dam, which dates back to the 18th century. It sits on the banks of the Arkansas River, which runs through the north side of the town. The Oklahoma State University of Tulsa also lies in the city, and was founded in the early 20th century. The University of Tulsa has a campus that opened in 1903.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Broken Arrow, Tulsa County, Oklahoma = 34.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 31. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Broken Arrow = 4.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 113,540 individuals with a median age of 34.7 age the population grows by 13.55% in Broken Arrow, Tulsa County, Oklahoma population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,803.34 residents per square mile of area (696.28/km²). There are average 2.8 people per household in the 30,183 households with an average household income of $64,811 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 5.30% of the available work force and has growths 0.55% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 35.80%. The number of physicians in Broken Arrow per 100,000 population = 311.5.


The annual rainfall in Broken Arrow = 35.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 9.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 69. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 228. 93 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 24.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 27, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Broken Arrow, Tulsa County, Oklahoma which are owned by the occupant = 75.66%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 23 years with median home cost = $137,710 and home appreciation of 1.00%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.01 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $3,324 per student. There are 16.4 students for each teacher in the school, 400 students for each Librarian and 400 students for each Counselor. 9.41% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 23.61% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.43% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Broken Arrow's population in Wagoner County, Oklahoma of 1,383 residents in 1900 has increased 82,1-fold to 113,540 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.93% female residents and 49.07% male residents live in Broken Arrow, Tulsa County, Oklahoma.

    As of 2020 in Broken Arrow, Tulsa County, Oklahoma are married and the remaining 30.49% are single population.

  • 24.1 minutes is the average time that residents in Broken Arrow require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    84.96% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.89% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.31% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.33% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Broken Arrow, Tulsa County, Oklahoma, 75.66% are owner-occupied homes, another 19.76% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.58% are vacant.

  • The 55.69% of the population in Broken Arrow, Tulsa County, Oklahoma who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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