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Lebanon

City of Lebanon

  •   State: 
    Tennessee
      County: 
    Wilson County
      City: 
    Lebanon
      County all: 
    Wilson | Smith | Trousdale
      County FIPS: 
    47189 | 47159 | 47169
      Coordinates: 
    36°12′29″N 86°19′35″W
      Area total: 
    40.08 sq mi (103.80 km²)
      Area land: 
    40.07 sq mi (103.79 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.01 km²)
      Elevation: 
    528 ft (161 m)
      Established: 
    1801; Incorporated 1801
  •   Latitude: 
    36,2375
      Longitude: 
    -86,3034
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    37087
    37090
      GMAP: 

    Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee, United States

  •   Population: 
    38,431
      Population density: 
    959.02 residents per square mile of area (370.28/km²)
      Household income: 
    $41,628
      Households: 
    10,003
      Unemployment rate: 
    8.80%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    9.25%

Lebanon is located in Middle Tennessee, approximately 25 miles (40 km) east of downtown Nashville. The city was incorporated in 1801, and was named after the biblical cedars of Lebanon (Cedrus libani). Local residents have called Lebanon "Cedar City", mostly a reference to the abundance of cedar trees in the area. Lebanon is home to Cumberland University, a small, private four-year liberal arts institution. Cracker Barrel was founded in Lebanon by Dan Evins in 1969 and has its corporate headquarters there. In 2015, Chinese tile company Wonderful Group invested $150 million to build their company's first manufacturing location in North America in Lebanon. Lebanon hosts the annual Wilson County Fair, which is one of the largest county fairs in the United States. It is also home to Friendship Christian School, a private school founded in 1842, which was founded by the Christian sect of the same name. It also is the home to Wilson County Schools for grades 912 to 912, which includes four elementary schools and two middle schools. Lebanon has a humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) climate with mild winters and hot summers. Under the Trewartha climate classification, it is a temperate oceanic (Do) climate due to only 7 months having a mean 50 °F (10 °C) or higher. The population estimate from the 2020 U.S. census has the population at 40,888 as of July 1, 2021.

History

The city was incorporated in 1801, and was named after the biblical cedars of Lebanon (Cedrus libani) Local residents have called Lebanon "Cedar City", mostly a reference to the abundance of cedar trees in the area. The city is home to Cumberland University, a small, private four-year liberal arts institution. It is also home to the Lebanon Symphony Orchestra, which has been playing in the city for more than 100 years. It was founded in 1802, and is the oldest continuously operating symphony orchestra in the United States. It has been in existence since 1803, when it was founded as Lebanon's first post-bellum orchestra. The Symphony Orchestra has played in Lebanon since 1801. It also has a symphony hall, which was established in 1805, and a theatre, which dates back to 1805. It opened its doors to the public in 1808. It plays host to a variety of events, including the Lebanon Philharmonic Orchestra and the Lebanon Symphonic Band, which have been playing there since 1809. The orchestra also plays at the Lebanon Opera House, which is located in the center of the city, and also hosts a number of other cultural events. The Lebanon Symphony orchestra plays in the town of Lebanon, and has been known to play in Lebanon for over 100 years, since it was formed in 1803. The town also has its own theater, the Lebanon Music Hall, which opened in 1810. Lebanon is the home of the Cumberland College of Music.

Geography

Lebanon has a humid subtropical (Köppen Cfa) climate with mild winters and hot summers. Under the Trewartha climate classification, it is a temperate oceanic (Do) climate due to only 7 months having a mean 50 °F (10 °C) or higher. Lebanon is located at Latitude: 36° 12' 17.40" N Longitude: -86° 19' 21.00" W. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Lebanon has a total area of 38.63 square miles (100.1 km²) of which 38.5 square miles is land and 0.03% is water. The city has a population of 1,715,000 (1.8% of the country's population) and is located on the Euphrates River, which runs through the center of the city. It is the only country in the Middle East with a population over 1,000,000. Lebanon has an average temperature of 10 °C (62 °F) in the summer and 11 °C in the winter. It has a dry season with an average of 7 months with a mean temperature of 50 °F (8 °C), and a wet season with 7 months with a temperature of 50 °C (8°F) and a mean of 52  °F  (7°C). The city is home to the University of Lebanon, which was founded in 1788.

Demographics

As of the 2020 U.S. census, there were 38,431 people, 11,925 households, and 8,349 families residing in the city. The population estimate from the United States census has the population at 40,888 as of July 1, 2021. The median income for a household in theCity was $35,118, and the median family income was $45,094. The per capita income for the city was $20,366. About 9.3% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those age 65 or over. The city is located on the Ohio River, which runs through the center of the town. The Ohio River is one of the few rivers in the state that flows through the city, along with the Ohio and Ohio Turnpike. It is the only river that runs through most of the city's downtown area. The river is a tributary of the Little Ohio River. It was once known as the "Little Ohio River" or the "Ohio River River" due to its scenic beauty. It has been known to be a source of controversy in the past, with some residents claiming that the river has been used as a route by the Ohio National Guard to protect the city from flooding. The town was the site of the U.N. World War II-era Battle of the Bulge, which was fought from 1942 to 1945. The Battle was the first of the World War I-era battles that took place.

Economy

Cracker Barrel was founded in Lebanon by Dan Evins in 1969 and has its corporate headquarters there. The city threatened to sue Dell Inc. for eliminating 700 of the 1,000 jobs the company proffered as part of a tax deal on which the company later reneged. Chinese tile company Wonderful Group invested $150 million to build their company's first manufacturing location in North America. The fraternity Sigma Pi was headquartered in Lebanon from 2013 until 2019, when it sold the historic Mitchell House to the City of Lebanon. Tritium DCFC Limited opened a EV fast charger manufacturing plant in 2022, and will be the first of its kind in the U.S. and the second in the world. The company will be based in Lebanon and will produce electric car chargers at a facility in the town of Lektor, near the city of Ljubljana. It will be one of the largest electric car manufacturing plants in the United States, with a workforce of more than 2,000. It is expected to be open by the end of the year and will employ around 1,500 people. The town has a population of 2.5 million people, making it the second largest city in Lebanon after Tripoli. It has a GDP of $1.2 billion, which is the third largest in the Middle East. The country's economy is estimated to be worth more than $2.5 billion. The economy is the second-largest in the region, after the United Arab Emirates.

Arts and culture

Lebanon hosts the annual Tennessee State / Wilson County Fair. The fair is one of the largest state fairs in the United States. Lebanon is home to the U.S. National Museum of Fine Arts. The museum is located in the town of Lebanon, in the south of the country.

Education

The Lebanon Special School District encompasses four elementary schools and two middle schools. Small portions of Lebanon are in the Wilson County Schools for all years K12. Lebanon also has one private school, Friendship Christian School. Cumberland University has produced over eighty Congressmen and Senators such as Albert Gore Sr. and Thomas Gore. The institution has also produced a Nobel Peace Prize recipient, Cordell Hull, who served as Secretary of State from March 1933 to November 1944. The university was founded in 1842 and has a rich heritage and has produced a number of famous people, including Albert Gore, Jr., Thomas Gore, and Albert Gore's son, Albert Gore Jr. The school is located in the town of Lebanon, which is located on the banks of the Cumberland River. The town is also home to the Lebanon High School, which was built in the 1970s. The high school was reconstructed in the 1990s and is now one of the most technologically advanced schools in the country. It is located near the Lebanon River, which runs through the town. The district also has several other primary and secondary schools, including Wilson Central High School and the newly reconstructed Lebanon High school. All of Lebanon is zoned to Wilson County schools for grades 912 to K12, and small portions for K8 are also in the school district for grades K8 to K8. It also has two private schools, Carroll-Oakland School and Southside Elementary School. It has one public school for grades 7-8, and one for grades 5-8.

Infrastructure

Lebanon has a municipal airport referenced by FAA Identifier M54. Rail service began in 1871 with the now defunct Tennessee & Pacific Railroad, which ran to Nashville. Commuter rail service to Nashville began service in 2006 via the Music City Star. There are two times when trains operate outside the normal service. July 4 fireworks at Riverfront Park calls for a special event train. When the Tennessee Titans play at home, a special service called Game-Day Express operates. The last original passenger train departed Lebanon in 1935. The city is located on the Cumberland River, which runs through the center of the city. It is located near the intersection of Interstate 40 and U.S. Route 70, which connects the city to Nashville to the west and Smithville to the southeast. The eastern terminus of Interstate 840 is located west of theCity. State Route 109 passes west of Lebanon and connects to Gallatin to the north. Secondary State Routes 141 and 166 also pass through Lebanon and connect to Murfreesboro, Kentucky and Scottsville, Kentucky to the south. The town is home to the Nashville and Eastern Railroad short line, which operates between Nashville and Carthage. It also runs between Carthage and the city's eastern suburbs, to the towns of Smithville and Murfreeboro, and to the town of Lebanon. It has two runways: Runway 1/19 is 5,000 by 100 feet (1,524 by 30 m) and Runway 4/22 is turf 1,801 by 150 feet (549 by 46 m).

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee = 57. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 87. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Lebanon = 4.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 38,431 individuals with a median age of 35.7 age the population grows by 21.91% in Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 959.02 residents per square mile of area (370.28/km²). There are average 2.35 people per household in the 10,003 households with an average household income of $41,628 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.80% of the available work force and has dropped -6.04% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.12%. The number of physicians in Lebanon per 100,000 population = 105.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Lebanon = 52.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 5.3 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 120. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 212. 90 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 24.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 33, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee which are owned by the occupant = 56.31%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 27 years with median home cost = $147,610 and home appreciation of 0.78%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.60 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $3,976 per student. There are 16.2 students for each teacher in the school, 523 students for each Librarian and 441 students for each Counselor. 3.78% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 13.11% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.52% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Lebanon's population in Wilson County, Tennessee of 1,956 residents in 1900 has increased 19,65-fold to 38,431 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.75% female residents and 48.25% male residents live in Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee.

    As of 2020 in Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee are married and the remaining 44.18% are single population.

  • 25.6 minutes is the average time that residents in Lebanon require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    81.72% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.02% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.58% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.77% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee, 56.31% are owner-occupied homes, another 36.41% are rented apartments, and the remaining 7.28% are vacant.

  • The 47.11% of the population in Lebanon, Wilson County, Tennessee who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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