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Tumwater, Washington

  •   State: 
    Thurston County
      County FIPS: 
    47°0′28″N 122°54′40″W
      Area total: 
    17.76 sq mi (46.00 km²)
      Area land: 
    17.50 sq mi (45.32 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.26 sq mi (0.67 km²)
    174 ft (53 m)
    Incorporated November 25, 1869
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Olympia-Lacey-Tumwater, WA
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,372.80 residents per square mile of area (530.04/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Tumwater is a town in Thurston County, Washington, United States. It is situated near where the Deschutes River enters Budd Inlet, the southernmost point of Puget Sound. Tumwater was originally called "New Market" by American settlers, and under the latter name was platted in 1845. The present name is derived from Chinook Jargon and means "waterfall" The city was incorporated in 1875. The city is located at 47°028N 122°5440W (47.007768, -122.911074) According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.49 square miles (37.53 km²), of which, 14.32 square miles. (37.09 km²) is land and 0.17 sq miles (0.44 km²): the city's northern neighbor is the state capital of Olympia. The area has been home to Southern Lushootseed-speaking peoples known as the Steh-Chass / Stehchass or Statca'sabsh (a subtribe of the Sahewamish), an subgroup of the Nisqually people; who became part of the post-treaty Squaxin Island Tribe) for thousands of years. Based on per capita income, one of the more reliable measures of affluence, Tum water ranks 89th of 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked.


Tumwater was originally called "New Market" by American settlers, and under the latter name was platted in 1845. The present name is derived from Chinook Jargon and means "waterfall" "Steh-Chass" is the Lushootseed name for Budd Inlet, Deschutes River and the Tumwater Falls area, and for an important village of the Statca'sabsh. A post office was established in 1863. The city incorporated in 1875. It is now a suburb of Portland, Oregon, with a population of around 2,000. The town is home to the University of Oregon, which was founded in 1872. The university is located on the banks of the Deschute River, which runs through the city. It was the site of the Oregon Trail, which led to the U.S. state of Oregon in the late 1800s and early 1900s. It has been home to a variety of Native American tribes for thousands of years, including the Steh-chass. The Stehchass are a subtribe of the Sahewamish (Sahe'wabsh), an subgroup of the Nisqually people; who became part of the post-treaty Squaxin Island Tribe. The name Steh chass means "to walk on the water" or "to look for the water". The name "Stechass" means "the water" in Lushootsseed, which is the name for the area.


Tumwater is located at 47°028N 122°5440W (47.007768, -122.911074). Its northern neighbor is the state capital of Olympia. The city has a total area of 14.49 square miles (37.53 km²), of which, 14.32 square miles is land and 0.17 squaremile (0.44 km²) is water. Tumwater has a Very warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps. The region experiences warm and dry summers, with average monthly temperatures between 71.6 °F (22 °C) and 98.1 °C (36.7 °C). According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Tum water has a very warm- summer Mediterranean climate. The climate is very hot and dry in the summer, with an average monthly temperature of 71.8 °F. The area has a high degree of humidity, with the average monthly high being 79.7%. The city experiences a very dry summer, and a warm, dry winter. The average monthly low temperature is 68.6°F (21 °C), with the monthly average high being 78.1°F. Tummwater has an average annual high of 71 °F and a monthly low of 68.7 °C (24 °F and 20 °S). The city is located on the Gulf of Mexico, which is one of the warmest places in the United States.


Based on per capita income, one of the more reliable measures of affluence, Tumwater ranks 89th of 522 areas in the state of Washington to be ranked. It is also the highest rank in Thurston County. As of the census of 2010, there were 17,371 people, 7,566 households, and 4,460 families living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 85.0% White, 1.7% African American, 4.8% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, and 5.2% from two or more races. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was2.83. The median income for a household in theCity was $43,329, and the median Income for a family was $54,156. About 4.3% of residents were below the poverty line, including 9.4% of those under the age of 18. The city has a population density of 1,213.1 inhabitants per square mile (468.4/km²). There were 8,064 housing units at an average density of 563.1 per squaremile (217.4 /km²) The median age in the City was 35 years. For every 100 females, there are 89.8 males. For each 100 females age 18 and over, there is 84.5 males. The per capita incomes for the city were $25,080. The population density was 1,276.1 people per square inch (492.7 / km²).


Being just south of the state capital, Tumwater is home to many state government offices. These include the Washington State Department of Corrections, the Washington state Department of Labor and Industries and the Office of the Attorney General. The city is also home to the U.S. Postal Service, which serves the state of Washington. It is also the home of the Washington Department of Health and Human Services, which provides health care services to the state. The town is located on the shores of the Puget Sound, which is about 60 miles south of Seattle. It has a population of about 3,000. It was founded in 1872. It's the site of Washington's first post office, which opened in 1874. It also has a number of other government offices, including the Department of Revenue, Department of Education and Department of Public Safety, among others. The U.N. has a consulate in the city, which was established in 1876. It opened its doors in 1881. It became the first port of call for the city of Seattle in 1883. It still has its own airport, which it has used since 1883, and is on the way to Seattle's Olympic Peninsula. The Washington State Office of Insurance Commissioner is based in the town. The state's Department of Commerce is based there, as is the Office for the Labor, Industries and Labor, and the Department for the Health and Industries of the State of Washington, among other agencies. The City of Seattle has a large number of businesses, many of which are based in Tum water.


The Tumwater School District is home to numerous schools. The district also includes Black Hills High School. The school district is located in the central part of the city. It is located near downtown Seattle and the University of Washington in the north. It also includes parts of the cities of O'ahu, Bali, and Hualalai in the Pacific Northwest. It was founded in 1872 and has been in the same district since 1872. The current superintendent is Mark Schulder, who was elected in 2008. The superintendent is also the former superintendent of the University of Washington and the University of Washington in the early 1990s. He is currently the superintendent of Black Hills high school and the U.S. College of Education at U S. A. in Washington, D.C. and the College of Education at U Watson in Washington, DC. He was also the superintendent of Tum water high school in the 1970s and 1980s. The Tum Water School District was established in 1871. It has been the site of numerous high schools since then, including Tumwaters High School and Black Hualalay High School and Black Hills High School in Tumwater and Black Hills Middle School. It is also home to the U-S. Military Academy at West Point, which opened in 1973. The U. S. Military College at West Point is based in the district's campus in Waco, Texas.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington = 95. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 50. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Tumwater = 2.6 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 25,350 individuals with a median age of 38 age the population grows by 5.87% in Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,372.80 residents per square mile of area (530.04/km²). There are average 2.15 people per household in the 6,153 households with an average household income of $53,806 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.00% of the available work force and has dropped -3.43% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.14%. The number of physicians in Tumwater per 100,000 population = 238.3.


The annual rainfall in Tumwater = 50.8 inches and the annual snowfall = 18.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 164. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 137. 77 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 31.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 69, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington which are owned by the occupant = 45.41%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 25 years with median home cost = $207,700 and home appreciation of -6.18%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $12.74 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,325 per student. There are 18.8 students for each teacher in the school, 566 students for each Librarian and 465 students for each Counselor. 7.44% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 21.56% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 12.87% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Tumwater's population in Thurston County, Washington of 1,561 residents in 1900 has increased 16,24-fold to 25,350 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 52.51% female residents and 47.49% male residents live in Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington.

    As of 2020 in Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington are married and the remaining 46.23% are single population.

  • 21 minutes is the average time that residents in Tumwater require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    78.34% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.77% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 3.36% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.16% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington, 45.41% are owner-occupied homes, another 49.35% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.23% are vacant.

  • The 25.76% of the population in Tumwater, Thurston County, Washington who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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