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City of Kaukauna, Wisconsin

  •   State: 
    Outagamie County
      County all: 
    Outagamie | Calumet | Brown
      County FIPS: 
    55087 | 55015 | 55009
    44°17′N 88°16′W
      Area total: 
    8.23 sq mi
      Area land: 
    7.82 sq mi (20.25 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.41 sq mi (1.07 km²)
    650 ft (198 m)
    1793; Settled 1793; Incorporated 1885
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Appleton, WI
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    2,100 residents per square mile of area (800/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Kaukauna is a city in Outagamie and Calumet counties, Wisconsin, United States. It is situated on the Fox River, approximately 100 miles (160 km) north of Milwaukee. The first Europeans in the area were the French. Kaukauna became an outpost of trade in Green Bay and saw much intermarriage between French and Menominee people, leading to a Métis culture which produced local leaders such as Augustin Grignon. In 1836, following years of negotiations about how to accommodate the Oneida, Stockbridge-Munsee, and Brothertown peoples who were removed from New York, the MenOMinee ceded over four million acres of land to the United States in the Treaty of the Cedars. The city is divided into the North Side and South Side by the Fox river, which is spanned by four bridges. The population was 15,462 at the 2010 census, and it is a part of the Appleton, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area. It has a total area of 8.06 square miles (20.88 km²), of which 7.66 sq miles (19.84 km²) is land and 0.40sq miles (1.04 sq km) is water. Prior to 1880, the city was known as "The Lion on theFox". This nickname was changed to "The Electric City" upon the completion of the hydroelectric plant. In 2000, there were 6,270 households, and 4,090 families living in the city.


Kaukauna is the primary city name, but also Freedom are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Kaukauna, Wisconsin. Kaukauna is a Native American word and in various languages means "portage", "long portage", and "place where pickerel are caught" Kaukauna was traditionally home to the Ho-Chunk and Menominee peoples. The first Europeans in the area were the French. The city was incorporated in 1885, and was known as "The Lion on the Fox" before the completion of the hydroelectric plant. It is now known as the "Electric City" due to the construction of the city's first power station in the mid-20th century. It was the site of the first recorded land deed in Wisconsin in 1793, when Dominique Ducharme obtained 1,281 acres (518 ha) for two barrels of rum and other gifts. The property was purchased by Charles A. Grignon (and recorded Dec. 18, 1828), who built a mansion on the river on Kaukauna's north side. The home, which bears Grign on's name, is operated as a museum by the Outagamie County Historical Society. In 1836, following years of negotiations about how to accommodate the Oneida, Stockbridge-Munsee, and Brothertown peoples who were removed from New York, the Menomininee ceded over four million acres of land to the United States in the Treaty of the Cedars. Augustin Grignons was one of the signatories of the treaty.


Kaukauna is located in southeastern Outagamie County, with a small portion extending south into Calumet County along State Highway 55. The city is divided into the North Side and South Side by the Fox River, which is spanned by four bridges. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.06 square miles (20.88 km²) of which 7.66 sq miles (19.84 km²), is land and 0.40sq miles (1.04km²) is water. Kaukauna has a population of 2,816. It is home to the University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, which was founded in 1883. The university has a chapter of the College of Osteopathic Medicine, which opened in 1894. The college is located on the campus of the Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health. It has a campus that was established in 1891. It was the first U.S. college to open in the state of Wisconsin, and the first in the Midwest. The U.N. has a branch of its headquarters in the city, which has been open since 1892. It also has a satellite campus in Waukesha, Wisconsin, which dates back to 1894, and a satellite branch in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The campus is the only one of its kind in the world, and is located near the Wisconsin-Wisconsin border. The Fox River is the city's main source of water.


As of the census of 2010, there were 15,462 people, 6,270 households, and 4,090 families living in the city. There were 6,596 housing units at an average density of 861.1 per square mile (332.5/km²) The racial makeup of the city was 94.5% White, 0.7% African American, 0,8% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 1,0% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6%. The city's median income was $43,980, and the median income for a family was $50,187. The per capita income for the city is $18,748. Out of the total total people living in poverty, 4.8% are under the age of 18 and 10.2% are 65 or older, according to the city's 2010 census. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age in theCity was 34.6 years. The city has a population density of 2,018.5 inhabitants per squaremile (779.3/ km²) and a median age of 35.2 years. It is located on the U.S.-Mexico border and is located near the border of the state of New Mexico. It has an estimated population of 12,983 people, 4,971 homes, and 3,365 families.


Kaukauna is located at the intersections of several major roads. Interstate 41 forms the backbone of the Fox Cities' transit network. Appleton International Airport is just to the south of Kaukauna. The city is a member of Valley Transit, which provides bus service to Appleton and surrounding areas. It is located on the Wisconsin River, which runs through the city. The Wisconsin River is a tributary of the Illinois River. It flows through the center of the city, where it meets the Illinois Turnpike. The Illinois River is one of the largest rivers in the state, running through the heart of the town. It also runs through a number of counties, including Waukeshiek and Wauwatosa counties, which serve as major thoroughfares for the city's residents. The town is also home to the Appleton Airport, which serves as a hub for air travel to and from Appleton, Wisconsin and surrounding counties. It has an international airport, which is just outside the city on the north side of the river, and is served by Wisconsin Highway 441 and Wisconsin Highway 55. The village is also served by two county roads, Wisconsin Highway 96 and Wisconsin Highways 55 and 441, which run through the north and south sides of the village. The community has a population of about 2,000 people. It was founded in the early 1900s and is located in the Fox Valley region of Wisconsin, which includes the cities of Wausau, Waupun, and La Crosse.


The Oscar Thilmany Paper Mill was constructed in 1883. The name dropped off the mill when it was purchased by HammerMill in 1969, which was in turn bought by International Paper in 1986. In 2005, New York-based equity firm Kohlberg & Company bought the mill. It is now owned by KPS Capital Partners, and was renamed Expera Specialty Solutions in 2013. In 2018, it was sold to Ahlstrom-Munksjo. Kaukauna cheese, once made in the city, is now manufactured by the Bel/Kaukauna corporation in the neighboring village of Little Chute. The city has diverse industrial and manufacturing businesses, including the Oscar Thilsen Paper Mill, constructed in1883, and the International Paper mill, built in 1986, which is still in use today. It also has a number of other manufacturing and distribution businesses, such as the Wisconsin Tool Company, which makes machine tools and other industrial equipment. It was once known as the "Silk City" of Wisconsin, and is now known as "The City of Wisconsin" The city is also home to the Wisconsin State Fair, which runs through the end of the year in the town of Wawasee, Wisconsin. The state's largest employer is the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture and Sport, which employs more than 4,000 people. The town has a population of 2,000, with the majority of its residents living in or near the village of Kaukauna.


Kaukauna is served by the Kaukauna Area School District, whose enrollment totals almost 4,000 students between kindergarten and 12th grade. There are four public elementary schools, one middle school, and Kaukauna High School. Two parochial schools for children through the eighth grade exist in Kaukunas St. Ignatius Catholic school and Trinity Lutheran School. The town is home to the U.S. Air Force Base, which was established in the late 1800s. The base is located on the base's main base, which is now the base of operations for the Air Force Reserve Base. The U.N. has a base in the town, which has been there since the early 1900s. It is the only base of its kind outside of the United States, and the base is used for air refueling and air conditioning. It also is used as a training base for airmen and airmen, as well as for aircrews and other emergency services. The station is located near the town's airport, which opened in the mid-19th century. It was the first airport in the state, and has since become a major hub for air travel. It has a population of about 3,000. The airport is located in the center of the town and has an airfield, which can be reached by air or sea. The district also has a high school, a middle school and two elementary schools. The high school has a gymnasium and a middle and elementary school.

National Register of Historic Places

Locations in Kaukauna that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Capt. Matthew J. Meade House, Charles A. Grignon House, Frank St. Andrews House, Lindauer and Rupert Block, St. Mary's Catholic Church, and the Klein Dairy Farmhouse. The town's public library and public school are also on the list. The city is home to a number of historic buildings and structures. The Kaukaunas Locks Historic District is the largest historic district in the state, with more than 1,000 acres of land. It was established in the early 1900s and is located in the town's historic district. It is the first district to be added to the U.S. Register of National Historic Places. The district is also home to several historic buildings, including the former United States Post Office, which was built in the mid-19th century. The historic district is called the "Kaukauna Locks Historical District" and was founded in the late 1800s. It includes the Klein dairy farmhouse, the former post office, and a public library. It also includes a public school, the Holy Cross Church and the Nicolet Public School, which were built in 1903 and 1904, respectively. The Locks are home to the Kaukaua Locks historic district, which dates back to the early 19th century and is one of the oldest historic districts in the United States. The area is also the site of the first public library in the country, which opened in 1903.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin = 63.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 40. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Kaukauna = 3.3 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 17,089 individuals with a median age of 37.5 age the population grows by 18.07% in Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,100 residents per square mile of area (800/km²). There are average 2.48 people per household in the 6,095 households with an average household income of $48,822 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.50% of the available work force and has dropped -3.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.02%. The number of physicians in Kaukauna per 100,000 population = 207.2.


The annual rainfall in Kaukauna = 30.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 44.8 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 114. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 190. 82 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 8.3 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 50, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin which are owned by the occupant = 69.09%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 36 years with median home cost = $114,150 and home appreciation of -8.04%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $20.54 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,775 per student. There are 15.6 students for each teacher in the school, 438 students for each Librarian and 424 students for each Counselor. 8.67% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 11.09% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 3.32% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Kaukauna's population in Outagamie County, Wisconsin of 5,115 residents in 1900 has increased 3,34-fold to 17,089 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 50.50% female residents and 49.50% male residents live in Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin.

    As of 2020 in Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin are married and the remaining 39.76% are single population.

  • 19.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Kaukauna require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    85.91% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 7.24% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.17% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.80% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin, 69.09% are owner-occupied homes, another 26.14% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.76% are vacant.

  • The 82.90% of the population in Kaukauna, Outagamie County, Wisconsin who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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